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172 terms

Medical Terminology

Medical, Terminology,
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Arteriosclerosis
An abnormal condition of hardening of the arteries.
Hematology
The study of blood.
Aortomalacia
Softening of the aorta.
Ventriculotomy
An incision of a ventricle.
Pericarditis
An inflammation around the heart.
Endocardium
The inner layer of the heart.
Arteriorrhexis
Rupture of an artery.
Phlebostenosis
Narrowing of a vein.
Bradychardia
A slow heart beat.
Hemangioma
A tumor composed of blood vessels.
Myocardium
The muscular layer of the heart.
Ventricular
Pertaining to a ventricle.
Arteriolith
A stone in an artery.
Arteriorrhapy
Suture of an artery.
Hemangiectasis
Dialation of a blood vessel.
Necrectomy
The excision of dead tissue.
Angioplasty
Surgical repair of a vessel.
Thoracic
Pertaining to the chest.
Aortic
Pertaining to the aorta
Bradyphagia
Slow eating.
Rhinorrhea
Flow or discharge from the nose.
Hemaphobia
Fear of blood.
Pharyngomycosis
An abnormal condition of fungus growing in the pharynx.
Laryngoplegia
A muscle paralysis of the larynx.
Pharyngocele
Hernia or swelling of the pharynx.
Pharyngotome
An instrument used to incise the pharynx.
Laryngitis
Inflammation of the mucous membrane of the larynx
Nasitis
Inflammation of the nose.
Laryngoscopy
Visual examination of the larynx.
Tracheomalacia
Softening of the trachea.
Myorrhaphy
Suture of a muscle.
Neoplasm
A new growth.
Rhinologist
A physician who specializes in diseases of the nose.
Gastroma
A tumor of the stomach.
Chondritis
Inflammation of cartilage.
Pharygostenosis
A narrowing of the pharynx.
Rhinoplasty
Surgical repair of the nose.
Pneumoectomy
Excision of a lung.
Pleuritis
Inflammation of the pleura of the lung.
Thoracotomy
Incision of the chest.
Pneumonopathy
Disease of a lung.
Apnea
Absence of breathing.
Dermatologist
A physician who specializes in the physiology and pathology of the skin
Dermatoplasty
Plastic surgery of the skin.
Hidradenoma
A tumor of the sweat gland.
Trichosis
An abnormal condition of hair.
Dermopathy
A disease of the skin.
Hidrosis
An abnormal condition of sweat.
Lipocyte
A fat cell
Xerophagia
A condition of eating dry food only.
Gastrology
Study of the stomach.
Adipectomy
Surgical excision of fat.
Sclerosis
An abnormal condition of hardening.
Dermis
The second layer of skin.
Onychoma
A tumor of a nail.
Gastromalacia
Softening of the stomach.
Adipocele
A hernia containing fatty tissue.
Xeroderma
Skin that is dry.
Xanthocyte
A cell that is yellow.
Erythrocyte
A cell that is red.
Leukocyte
A cell that is white.
Xanthosis
An abnormal condition of yellow.
Autograph
A skin transplant using one's own skin.
Dermatome
An instrument used to cut skin.
Melanosis
An abnormal condition of black.
Xanthemia
Yellow pigment in the blood.
Cyanosis
Bluish discoloration of the skin.
Melanoma
A black tumor.
Leukemia
A type of cancer that is characterized by the overproduction of white cells in the body.
Xanthoma
A tumor that is yellow.
Melanocyte
A cell that is black.
Erythrosis
An abnormal condition of red.
Cytology
The study of cells.
Histology
The study of tissue.
Posterior
Pertaining to the back.
Dorsal
Pertaining to the back.
Anterolateral
Pertaining to the front and the side.
Ventrolateral
Pertaining to the front and the side.
Mediad
Toward the middle or center of the body.
Cephalad
Toward the head.
Inferior
Pertaining to lower.
Caudal
Relating to the tail.
Proximal
Nearest the point of attachment.
Distal
Farthest away from the point of attachment.
Spinal
Relating to the spine.
Median
Divided into equal right and left sides.
Mid-Sagittal
Divided into equal right and left sides.
Radiography
The process of making a recording using x-rays.
Horizontal Plane
Also known as the Transverse plane.
Transverse Plane
Also known as the Horizontal plane.
Cranial
Pertaining to the skull.
RUQ
Right Upper Quadrant.
LUQ
Left Upper Quadrant.
RLQ
Right Lower Quadrant.
LLQ
Left Lower Quadrant.
Hypochondria
Beneath the cartilage of the ribs.
Epigastric
Above or on the stomach.
Lumboabdominal
Pertaining to the lower back and the abdomen.
Umbilical
Pertaining to the navel.
Xanthoderma
Abnormal yellowing of the skin.
Dermatomycosis
Fungal infection of the skin.
Trichopathy
Disease of the hair.
Pneumonomelanosis
Condition of black lung.
Thoracentesis
Puncture of the chest wall to obtain fluid for diagnostic purposes.
Pneumocentesis
Surgical puncture of the lung.
Lobotomy
Incision of a lobe.
Aerophagia
Swallowing of air.
Cardiopathy
Disease of the heart.
Phleborrhexis
Rupture of a vein.
Aphagia
Inability to swallow.
Hydrophobia
Fear of water.
Necrophobia
Fear of death.
Dermatitis
Inflammation of the skin.
Cutane
Another combining form for skin.
Subcutaneous
Pertaining to under the skin.
Thoracotomy
Incision of the chest
Tachypnea
Term for breathing fast.
Bradypnea
Term for breathing slow.
Tuberculosis
Infectious disease that produces small lesions in the lungs
Pericardium
Outer layer around the heart.
Atrium
Top chamber of the heart.
Ventricle
Lower chamber of the heart.
Interventricular Septum
Structure that separates the ventricles.
Atherosclerosis
Abnormal condition of hardening of the arteries caused by fatty plaque.
Venule
A small vein.
Arterioles
Small arteries.
Capillaries
System of vessels that connect the arteriole to the veins.
Osteoarthritis
Inflammation of the bones and joints.
Histologist
Specialist in the study of tissues.
Echocardiogram
Picture of the heart using reflected sound.
Hidrorrhea
The flow of sweat.
Hyperhidrosis
An abnormal condition of an excessive amount of sweat.
Diaphoresis
Excessive Sweating.
Steatadenoma
Tumor of sebaceous (oil) gland.
Keratosis
Abnormal condition of hard or horny skin.
Sudoriferous glands
Sweat glands.
Trichophagia
Eating or swallowing of hair.
Onychomycosis
Abnormal condition of nail caused by fungus.
Onychomalacia
Softening of the nails.
Schizonychia
Condition of split nails.
Leukocytopenia
An inadequate amount of WBC's.
Aerotherapy
Treatment of a disease using air.
Pneumonorrhagia
A bursting forth (hemorrhage) of the lung.
Orthopnea
Able to breathe better when standing or sitting.
Nasopharyngitis
Inflammation of the nose and pharynx.
Pharyngoplasty
Surgical repair of the pharynx.
Laryngocele
A herniation of the larynx.
Tracheopyosis
An abnormal condition of pus forming in the trachea.
Sinistrocardia
Displacement of the heart to the left.
Destral
Pertaining to the right.
-itis
Inflammation.
-osis
Abnormal condition.
-ist
Specialist.
-er
One who.
-cele
Hernia, swelling.
-malacia
A state of abnormal softening.
-rrhexis
Rupture of a body part.
-rrhagia
Hemorrhage.
-rrhaphy
Suture or Surgical repair.
-rrhea
Flow or discharge.
-graph
An instrument used to record.
-ectomy
Cutting out or Surgical removal.
-tomy
To cut.
-tome
Instrument used to cut.
-phobia
Fear of.
-plasty
Surgical reconstruction.
-stomy
Establishment of an artificial opening.
Sclero-
Hardening.
Kera-
Hard or horny.
Tachy-
Fast condition.
Brady-
Slow condition.
-stenosis
Abnormal narrowing of a passage or opening.