Cold War and Postwar America
Terms in this set (48)
Meeting with FDR, Churchill, and Stalin during WWII to discuss plans for post war Europe.
International organization formed after WWII to promote peace, security, and cooperation.
Meeting of Allied leaders after WWII to address issues about the post-war Europe (Truman instead of FDR).
First World Country
Highly developed Capitalist and Democratic Nations during the Cold War.
Second World Country
Highly developed Communist Nations during the Cold War.
Third World Country
"Developing" nations during the Cold War who were sought after by 1st and 2nd World countries.
American policy of preventing the expansion of communism around the globe.
Provided economic ($400 Million) & military aid to Greece and Turkey to prevent the spread of Communism.
Provided economic ($13 Billion) & military aid to Middle Eastern countries to stop the spread of Communism.
Political barrier that isolated people of Eastern Europe and Western Europe.
Supplied food and fuel to citizens of West Berlin when Soviet closed off land access.
Military alliance of Western Europe against the Soviets (North Atlantic Treaty Alliance).
A political where communists won control of the country in 1949.
General and leader of Nationalist China who became a military dictator, yet was backed by the US.
Communist leader that overthrew the Nationalists and ruled China from 1949 to 1976.
Line that divided Korea - Soviet Union occupied the north and United States occupied the south.
Conflict between North Korea (backed by USSR/China) and South Korea (backed by US/United Nations).
Popular WWII General in the Pacific who then led the US during the Korean War.
Loyalty Review Board
Investigated communist ties amongst federal employees during the early years of the Cold War.
House of Un-American Activities
Investigated alleged disloyalty and discovered organizations suspected of having ties to Communism.
Accused of being a Communist spy and was convicted of perjury (prosecuted by Richard Nixon).
Husband and wife tried/excuted for treason under suspecision of communist influence.
Wisconsin Senator claimed to have list of communists in American government, but no credible evidence.
The act of accusing people of disloyalty and communism.
Invasion of the Body Snatcher
1950s film that captured and paralleled the fear/paranoia of Communism.
1950s science fiction entertainment that heightened the fear of Communist technological advancement.
President Dwight E. Eisenhower
WWII Heroic General who was elected President in 1952, overseeing the Cold War transitions and initial Civil Rights Movement.
John Foster Dulles
Secretary of State who encouraged the build up of the Air Force (to increase Nuclear dropping capability).
Policy of threatening to go to nuclear war in response to any enemy aggression.
Hydrogen bomb (10 times stronger than a nuclear bomb).
Mutually Assured Desctruction (MAD)
The result of using nuclear weapons during the Cold War.
Duck and Cover
Drills that were meant to protect people from atomic bombs.
The first artificial satellite sent into space, launched by the Soviets.
U-2 Spy Plane
Russians shot down a US spy plane over Soviet airspace.
Replaced Joseph Stalin as the head of the Soviet Union in 1953.
Central Intelligence Agency.
Iranian Revolution of 1953
CIA intervened to help British Petroleum (BP) maintain the Shah in power, creating US Iranian tension.
Military attack on Egypt by US allies in 1956 over the Suez Canal.
Demanded non-communist parties be legalized, leading to the Soviets using force against the rebels.
Democratically elected a President with both Capitalist and Communist characteristics, resulting in a Civil War fueled by the CIA.
Democratically elected in 1954 as the President of Guatemala, was labeled as a Communist by the CIA.
GI Bill of Rights
Offered veterans loans for homes, school, businesses, etc. to ease them back in Society after war.
Assembly line style homes built so all families could afford them.
More Americans moved to suburbs after WWII because of the availability of homes, cars, and interstates.
The changing of beliefs or behaviors in order to fit into a group or society.
Product designed to become useless, after a certain period of time and use.
Keeping Up with the Jones
To feel one must have the same material things as everyone else.
Rock n Roll
American music influenced by rhythm, blues, folk, country, and pop.