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30 terms

Social

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in every society from the hunting and gathering society to the post industrial society, what has been the most common basis for social stratification?
gender
the division of large numbers of people into layers according to their relative power, poverty, and prestige is referred to as..
social stratification
in which of the following societies would slavery be most likely to exist?
agricultural society
what were the three major causes of slavery prior to the 17th century?
crime, debt, and war
in colonial America immigrants were transported to the new world "on credit" by the captain if the ship who then sold their services to wealthy colonists who paid their passage. in return these immigrants worked for a specified period of time and were known as
indentured servants or bonded labor
a system of beliefs that justifies a particular social arrangement such as slavery is called
an ideology
the american sociologist who campaigned for civil rights in the 20th century and made the comment " gradually the entire white south became an armed camp to keep negroes in slavery and to kill the black rebel" was
W.E.B. DuBois
what is the basis of india's caste system?
religion
in some societies, closely related members of the ruling class and those who are the wealthiest marry to preserve their power and wealth within the family. this practice is
endogamy
a form of the caste system that until recently is south africa was called
apartheid
what is the significant difference between the class system and the systems of slavery,caste and estate
the class system has fluid boundaries
mahatma is a member of India's brahman caste. what is mahatmas's most likely occupation?
a Hindu priest
Raul is a member of the Kshatriya but recently engaged in an intimate act with a member of the Dalit. Raul has seen the error of his ways, however and wants to make amends for his indiscretions. Which statement best explains Raul's next course of action?
Raul will undergo ablution
In the estate system, the practice of the first born inheriting all land owned by the father was called
primogeniture
What term would Karol Marx use when workers mistakenly identify with the capitalists simply because they own a few shares of stock or work as managers or large cororations
false class consciousness
which of the following characteristics is most associated with the class system
movement up and down the class leader
if a person were living during Karol Marx's lifetime and worked at the smittertown ironworks Marx would consider that person a member of the
proletariat
sally is employed as a computer programmer for the ellis corporation. she has a savings account of 15000 and owns a few shares of ellis stock. she thinks of herself as an investor rather then as a worker. marx would maintain that sally has experienced
false class consciousness
the sociologists who believed social class is actually made up of three components, property, power, and prestige was
Max Weber
At the steel plant all minorities hired are assigned to work the battery pits, one of the dirtiest jobs in the mill. even so all battery pit workers wear this assignment as a badge of honor and have developed a close social bond that transcends the time they spend at the mill. how would karl marx describe this solidarity
the workers share class consciousness
the two theorists who concluded that the universality of stratification can be explained by the necessity to motivate the most qualified people to fill the more important and demanding positions in a society were
kingsly davis and wilbert moore
where would someone encounter a stratification system that includes europeans, africans, coloured and asians
south africa
bartholemew is a member od the second estate in europe during the middle ages. in view of this what is bartholemews most likely social locaton
he is a monk in st. thomas aquinas parish
the ability to control others, even over their objections is referred to as
power
according to melvin trumin, which of the following high school seniors will most likely attend college
A B-/C+ student from the upper class
according to gaetano mosca every society is stratified by to ensure the societies
power
in his book the ruling class mosca made three arguments regarding society and power " not one of them
man is naturally good
what did karl marx predict after workers were exploited year after year by the capitalists class
they would revolt against the bourgeoisie
of the following methods which would be the best way to preserve a stratification system
controlling ideas, information, technology, and social networks though ideology
the acme corporation has adopted my " a a means of controlling employees. What is a tiny brother
security cameras