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Gorbachev and the collapse of communism

Terms in this set (10)

- The continuing decline of world oil prices and the state of the Soviet economy, convinced Gorbachev to argue a reduction in nuclear arms in the world

- Gorbachev believed that by "disarmament" it would allow large amounts of consumer goods to be available for its citizens

- Soviet Union continued their withdrawals from Afghanistan, as it was economically costing and the continuing nuclear confrontation between the United States was economically damaging for the Soviet Union

- Soviet Union's main policy for so many years was showing dislike with the West and crushing the idea of capitalism, but under Gorbachev the policy shifted to more of a friendship

- "Friendship with the West blossomed increasing the receptiveness to western culture and its affluent lifestyles"

- February 7, 1990 "Article 6 of the Constitution was repealed, thereby ending the CPSU'S monopoly of power

- Gorbachev's efforts in continuing his economic reforms for modernizing the country's economy failed because the government only had a set amount of subsidy to be used for consumer goods

- Gorbachev began to lose the sense of unity in the Soviet Union and was now facing a downturn in which people (Boris Yeltsin) viewed his "reforms too limited" and a conservative view

- October 1990-March 1991, Gorbachev facing problems both economical and political he sought the help from the conservatives, later criticized by Boris Yeltsin for seeking conservative values and abandoning the true form of communism in Russia

- Yeltsin argued that Russia returning to the original form of communism and policy was long gone

- 1991 Gorbachev attended the G7 Summit signaling the close end of the Cold War, and his goal was to persuade the United States to send economic aid to his country

- Gorbachev was ousted of power in the Soviet Union on August 1991 by Yeltsin calling for a reformation to the movement, and calling for support in leading the country in a new direction

- Yeltsin was just like Gorbachev trying to promote his own interests in the country

- Dissolution of the Soviet Union was evident with rebellions in Azerbaijan, Armenia, and Georgia all parts that were held by the the Soviet Union

- "end of 1991 when the conglomerate Commonwealth of Independent States replaced the old order and the Hammer and Sickle was lowered from the Kremlin for the last time"