Negative effects of incapacitate
Children act out, experience higher levels of shame/anxiety/depression, family socialization, stress on the breadwinners, removing models
Destabilize relationship, high STD rates, teen birth, removes spending power for Reduces levels of collective efficacy
Increased fear of crime
Reduces social capital
Schools, churches, banks erode.
Disenfranchised minority communities for not voting 1 in 7 lost right to vote -
3 things to change to cut prison pop in half-
Men 8 times more likely to be in prison than women
Black men in prison 4 times more than pop and 6 times more than whites
Poor - lack human capital, education -
half didn't finish HS
1/3 unemployed at time of arrest.
Location/neighborhood - Most important.
Handful of impoverished neighborhoods where school system is lacking, weak employment
Poor Young Black Men
37 states can use arrest to not hire
1. group solidarity, a feeling of membership;
2. emotional energy [EE] in the individual: a feeling of confidence, elation, strength, enthusiasm, and initiative in taking action;
3. symbols that represent the group: emblems or other representations (visual icons, words, gestures) that members feel are associated with themselves collectively. Persons pumped up with feelings of group solidarity threat symbols with great respect and defend them against the disrespect of outsiders, and even more, of renegade insiders.
4. feelings of morality: the sense of rightness in adhering to the group, respecting its symbols, and defending both against transgressors. Along with this goes the sense of moral evil or impropriety in violating the group's solidarity and its symbolic representations