27 terms

Enlightenment Ideas in the Declaration of Independence

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Enlightenment
A period of history from 1500-1700 where Europeans use reason to discover natural law.
Natural Rights
These are considered"unalienable rights". People cannot have their property taken away nor be ruled without the people's consent.
Social Contract Theory
The state exists only to serve the will of the people and they are free to give or withhold power as they choose. The people surrender certain freedoms in exchange for society's protection.
Sovereignty
People are the source of power for any and all government's power. People display this power through regular election.
John Locke
He believed that people have natural rights that all political power is derived from the people.
Thomas Jefferson
Wrote the Declaration of Independence.
self-evident
These truths that are obvious, beyond question, and do not require proof.
pursuit of happiness
Each day the people make choices that add to their well-being.
right of revolution
If the government fails to uphold its part of the social contract, it should be overthrown.
taxes
One grievance against King George III listed in the Declaration of Independence was that he imposed THIS on them without their consent.
trial by jury
One grievance against King George III listed in the Declaration of Independence was that he deprived the colonists of THIS right.
quartered troops
One grievance against King George III listed in the Declaration of Independence was that he kept THIS among the colonists.
representative assemblies
One grievance against King George III listed in the Declaration of Independence was that he dissolved THESE belonging to the colonists.
Declaration of Independence
The writings of John Locke and other Enlightenment philosophers are significant because they influenced what item?
overthrow the government
John Locke believed that the government had an obligation to the people it governed to protect their natural rights. If the government failed to do this, then the people had the right to do what?
the military
One grievance the colonists had against King George was that he made THIS superior to the civil government.
the colonists
One grievance the colonists had against King George was that he protected his soldiers against murder charges against WHO?
All men are created equal
What major Enlightenment ideas did Jefferson call self-evident truths?
explain reasons for independence
What was the purpose of writing the Declaration of Independence?
they all have the same natural rights
Jefferson said that all men are created equal in what way?
Life, the right to be alive
The FIRST natural right Jefferson lists in the Declaration of Independence is?
Liberty, the right to be free
The SECOND natural right Jefferson lists in the Declaration of Independence?
The pursuit of happiness
The THIRD natural right Jefferson lists in the Declaration of Independence?
To protect the natural rights of citizens
What did Jefferson say the purpose of government was?
The consent, or permission of the people
According to social contract, where do people get the power to rule?
lead the people
Jefferson stated that because King George had violated the rights of the citizens he had broke the social contract and was no longer fit to do what?
government
The major contribution of Enlightenment philosophers was the introduction of new ideas about what?