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establishment of settlers and traders from a nation in an area outside the nation's boundaries; European nations established colonial empires for "gold, god, and glory" (economic, religious, and political or social reasons)
European rivalries caused nations to compete with each other to establish colonial empires throughout the world
some colonies were founded for religious reform or to escape religious persecution
some colonies were founded as business ventures by charter companies funded by private investors
person who worked a set number of years without wages in exchange for their passage
plantations large farms produced cash crops for export including tobacco indigo and rice required much more than one family's labor
transatlantic slave trade
triangular trade route moved slaves cash crops and manufactured goods among European, West African, and colonial ports
cultural conflicts and constributions
fur traders and settlers conflicted with French and Indians in west establishment of colonies with more political, religious freedoms treaty between Penn and Indians
New England Colonies: human characteristics
settled mostly by white Puritians who fled Europe for religious reasons mostly intolerant of other religious strong work ethic
New England Colonies: geography
poor farm land rocky hilly nad cold climate rich fishing and timber resources
Middle Colonies: human characteristics
settled mostly by white Protestants of different faiths for religious and economic reasons
Southern Colonies: human characteristics
settled mostly for economic reasons slave population grew beginning in late 17th century
first great awakening
emotional sermons at revival meetings in 1730s made faith more personal for many whites and blacks
power and right to govern come from the people who choose leaders to make and enforce the law on their behalf
plan for self-government signed by Pilgrims in 1620 promised to obey laws for the good of the colony
Virginia House of Burgessess
first elected lawmaking body group in colonies; colonial legistlatures shared power with royal governors
Fundamental Orders of Connecticut
first example of a constitution in the colonies, led by Thomas Hooker; expanded right to vote to all freemen
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