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mental representation of a previously stored sensory experience, including visual, auditory etc.
simple rule or strategy for problem solving that provides shortcuts but does not guarantee a solution
starts with the solution and works backward through the problem. once you know the steps to be taken the problem is solved
problem solver determines what measures would reduce the difference between the given state and the end goal. once you know what it take to reach the goal your problem has been solved
what are the 5 barriers to problem solving?
mental sets, functional fixedness, conformation bias, availability and representativeness heuristic
persisting in using problem solving straggles that have worked in the past rather then bring new ones?
preferring information that confirms preexisting positions or beliefs, while ignoring or discounting contradictory evidence
judging the likelihood or probability of an event based on how readily available other instances of the event are in memory
estimating the probability of something based on how well the circumstance matched a previous protoype
expecting to buy a hamburger when you go past mcdonalds is an example of which problem solving barrier?
producing many alternatives or ideas from a single starting point; linked to creativity
attempting to find one correct answer; linked to conventional; non-creative thinking
reordering the letters "grevenidt" to form many new words is an example of which type of thinking?
intellectual ability, knowledge, thinking style, personality, motivation and environment are all resources to what type of person?
crying, cooing, & babbling are characteristics of which stage of language development?
single-utterances, telegraphic speech & learning the rules of grammar are characteristics of which stage of language development?
global capacity to think rationally, act purposefully, & deal effectively with the environment
what are the 3 aspects of sternbergs model?
analytic intelligence, creative intelligence & practical intelligence
what are the 3 scientific standards for measuring intelligence?
standardization, reliability & validity
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