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59 terms

CAS100A 1 exam review

CAS100A first exam review flash card set
STUDY
PLAY
audience
who the speech is presented to
exigence
problem/ urgent need that can be corrected through speech/ discourse
constraints
things that may hinder the speaker's ability to give a speech
fitting response
speech that is appropriate to the occasion
types of constraints
topical, audience, and contextual
sender
person who creates and transmits a message to begin the communication process
feedback
the response sent back to the sender by the receiver
meanings
life experiences, thoughts, feelings, etc. Helps sender to produce a message
signs
Involuntary behaviors, emotional reactions, etc. Not consciously encoded by the sender
context
extraneous factors that lay the foundation for the communication process to occur (ex: occasion, time, etc.)
brainstorm
process of writing out topic ideas and other lines of thought without critically evaluating ideas; just to get things down on paper
credible sources
library databases, online newspapers, google, google scholar, the blog, etc.
introduction requirements
attention getting statement, orienting material, thesis statement, credibility statement, preview statement, and transition
organizational patterns
chronological, cause/effect, narrative, topical/categorical, need/plan/advantages, etc.
supporting materials
definitions, descriptions, testimony, visual aids, illustration, factual example, hypothetical example, analogy, and statistics
personification
gives human traits to animal, object, or abstract idea
keyword/speaking outline
outline you should be delivering your speech with in class
allusion
stylistic device that makes reference to a myth, value, story, piece of art, important document, etc.
types of speaking
impromptu, memorized, manuscript, and extemporaneous
delivery characteristics
physical (appearance, facial expressions, hand gestures, movement, posture, eye contact, etc.) and vocal.verbal (tone, pace, volume, inflection, etc.)
full-sentence outline
complete outline that includes sources, etc.
logos
describe the line of quality reasoning (logic) used in speech, as well as to describe the use of good sources and argument
pathos
emotional appeals by the speaker
visual aid
supplement that can be used to bolster argument, easily present info, induce logos, ethos, pathos
demographic
characteristic to think about when conducting audience analysis. ex: age, gender, race, class, etc.
psychographic
characteristic to think about when conducting audience analysis. ex: political beliefs, religious beliefs, values, etc.
meaning
central idea you want to get across
encoding
process of finding and selecting symbols that represents meaning
symbol
meanings you want to convey by deliberate choice, consciously and voluntarily
noise
something that distracts the message
decoding
processing message, interpreting message
attitude
basic evaluations of people, ideas, object, and events
beliefs
the way people perceive reality (description)
values
judgement of good vs bad in life
canons
Invention, Arrangement, Style, Memory, Delivery
alliteration
repeats same beginning sound of at least two sounds
metaphors
similarities
allusion
makes reference to another....
graphs
visual numerical data
charts
describe process
visual arts
5 bullet points, 5 words across, quote gets its own slide, consistent, and simple
persuasion
using reasoning to make the audience agree with you
motivation
agitate audience to do something
reasoning
draw valid conclusions from argument
argument
influence people's beliefs
claim
states position, open to question
warrant
explain why/how evidence supports claim, connects data
evidence
support claim
reasoning
process of drawing valid conclusion
inductive reasoning
specific to general
deductive reasoning
general to specific
either or/ false dilemma
gives only two choices of an issue (with or against us)
red herring
claim irrelevant to the discussion
circular argument
claim just restates with different words
ad hominem
personal attack
slippery slope
reject argument because it will set off domino effect. Will only work in case of a historical example
inappropriate emotional appeals
draw on emotions to distract from logic
faulty cause
thinks one event causes another just because of order
non sequitur
does not make sense, conclusion does not follow the claims