Upgrade to remove ads
A Level Sociology- Education Key Words
Terms in this set (50)
An exam sat by all 10/11 year olds in the past. Students who passed would go to the best school (grammar school). Middle class students were more likely to pass although many working class students also passed.
This is when schools become too focussed on gaining grades A-C and therefore ignoring other parts of education like learning and social skills. This can also lead to schools ignoring really high achievers or really low achievers because they are spending too much time on C/D borderline students so they look good in the league tables.
A group of people/peers who have norms and values that go against the schools expectations, e.g. they misbehave, truant, do not complete work.
This means girls are more likely to stay in during the evening because parents are more protective of them and they have more informal social control than boys. Because of this they are more likely to complete homework and coursework. Boys have more of a street culture.
Government education policies that seek to tackle the problem of under-achievement by providing extra support and funding to schools and families in deprived areas, e.g. Sure Start in the UK and Operation Headstart in the USA.
The school that replaced the tripartite system. It was a school that all students in a catchment area would go to. It was designed to get all students from different backgrounds to mix and give equal opportunities .
Crisis in masculinity
The idea that men's perceptions/views of what a man is supposed to be has changed and they are now confused. They therefore try to prove their masculinity by acting like a 'lad' and this leads to them misbehaving in school. This has happened because society is now more feminine.
When a student has good norms, values and skills from their family that helps them to do well, e.g. language skills, values hard work, deferred gratification instead of instant gratification.
The theory that many working class are inadequately socialised and therefore lack the 'right' culture (norms and values) needed for educational success.
Postponing immediate rewards or pleasures, generally with the aim of producing a greater reward at a later date.
This means schools provide a skilled workforce so the economy stays strong and people have jobs.
The process whereby schools sort pupils into 'hopeless cases', 'those who will pass anyway' and 'those with potential to pass' and then concentrate their efforts on the last of these groups as a way to boost the school's exam league table position.
Education Maintenance Allowance. This is money given to poorer students when they decide to stay on at school after year 11. This was designed to encourage poorer students to get more qualifications.
Focusing on one ethnicity. A school can be ethnocentric by not having a variety of ethnicities represented in the teaching staff or a curriculum may be ethnocentric.
A school based around, and funded by, one particular Religion, e.g. Church of England, Muslim school, a Jewish school etc.... Some parents prefer these schools because they are part of a community of similar people.
A feeling of hopelessness. A belief that nothing good can ever be achieved so you might as well not bother trying, This can lead to instant gratification.
Argue that society is like a human body and every part of society has an important job to keep society working. They say the schools job is to socialise everybody in to the same norms and values and hive everyone a chance to get to where their ability deserves so we have the right people doing the right job in society.
The way in which boys and girls see themselves and what they want to achieve. Feminists suggest females gender identity is influenced by school.
The systems that exist in school and encourage femininity and masculinity.
These are subjects that tend to be dominated by one gender, e.g. Child Development is a feminine subject, whereas DT Materials is a masculine subject. It also means certain subjects are more likely to be enjoyed by one gender, e.g. English by females and Maths by Males.
GIST - GATE
Girls Into Science and Technology/Girls And Technology Education.
The ways in which the organisation of the school can influence students. Students might pick up norms and values without realising they are learning them, e.g. learn to value community through assemblies. Marxists suggest this encourages inequality and functionalists say it is vital to socialize students in to society
This is when a parent decide to teach their child at home rather than send them to school.
Becker says this is the type of student teachers want to teach. They tend to be white, middle class and female. Students who fit this ideal type might get treated better and labelled positively by teachers.
A preference for instant pleasure or fun, without regard for the longer-term consequences, e.g. Going out to friends instead of doing homework.
This means trying to have fun and satisfaction instantly rather than working hard now for a better future (deferred gratification is the opposite)
The process of attaching a definition to a group or an individual, the label is often a stereotype, e.g. a teacher labelling a pupil as a 'troublemaker'
When a person does not have a good standard of spoken English. This might be because English is not a student's first language or because they use a lot of slang.
Lists produced by the government to show which schools do better in exams. These help parents to choose the best school for their children.
The policy of introducing market forces of supply and demand into areas run by the state, as such education. The intention is that poor schools will disappear . The 1988 Education Reform Act began the marketisation of education by encouraging competition between schools and choice for parents and the good ones will thrive.
A conflict theory which believes the education system reproduces social inequality because it is unfair.
Lacking money and the things that can money can buy. This can lead to an overcrowded house, poor diet, no computer, books or revision guides etc... This can lead to underachievement in education
A fair system in which the hardworking and clever end up at the top, whereas the lazy and unintelligent end up at the bottom. Functionalists believe the education system is a meritocracy.
Subjects and subject content that must be studied by all children in state schools. This was introduced in 1988 and made sure girls did the same subjects as boys and schools in poor areas did the same as schools in richer areas. This was designed to make education fairer.
The idea that education should be primarily about meeting the needs of the economy, especially by equipping young people with the knowledge, skills, attitudes and values needed to prepare them for work.
A process that results in the creation of two opposite extremes. When students are separated in to sets, the top and bottom grow further and further apart. Pupils' responses to labelling and setting/streaming in schools can create a pro-school and an anti-school pupil subculture.
Treating people unfairly because of the cultural background/skin colour.
A scheme designed to improve boy's achievement by using sports stars to promote reading. Introduced because boys underperform in English.
The process whereby a school selects the students it will allow in to its school. Selection may be based on passing a test, paying fees or the students faith/religion .
Where a label comes true simply because it has been made. This may be because it affects the way the student sees themselves.
Special Educational Needs. Students who have certain problems when it comes to doing their school work. These students are no longer put in separate schools, they are taught in the same schools as all other students.
A way of dividing pupils into groups for particular subjects based on their ability in those subjects. The student can change sets in different subjects.
Prejudice and discrimination on the grounds of sex, E.g. Seeing girls as better suited for courses in 'caring' subjects.
Everyone in society is together and has the same norms and values.
Patterns or ways of using language. Elaborated for middle class and Restricted for middle and working class.
Regular schools that are funded by the government. This is the type of school most students go to.
A group of people within a society who share norms, values, beliefs and attitudes that are in some way different to mainstream culture. E.g. An anti-school subculture formed by pupils in lower streams.
The education system of secondary education created by the 1944 Education Act, based on 3 types of school. The 11+ exam was used to identify pupils' aptitudes and abilities. Those identified as having academic ability (mainly middle-class) went to grammar schools; most working class went to secondary modern schools.
Agreement among society's members about what values are important; a shared culture. According to functionalists it gives individuals a sense of solidarity.
A course or qualification designed to provide more of a 'hands on'/practical approach to learning.
THIS SET IS OFTEN IN FOLDERS WITH...
A Level Sociology-Family Key Words
AQA Sociology Education (A Level)
A Level Sociology: Research Methods Key Words
A-level- Sociology- Education- Sociologists
YOU MIGHT ALSO LIKE...
GCSE Sociology-Education Key Words
Sociology- education keywords
A level Sociology Education
OTHER SETS BY THIS CREATOR
GCSE Sociology Crime & Deviance Key Words
GCSE Sociology: Mass Media Key Words
GCSE Sociology: Family Key Words
GCSE Sociology: Basic Key Words
OTHER QUIZLET SETS
HDFS 2300 - test 3 - unit 7
R3: Property Taxation