25 terms

English 11 poetry terms

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Rhyme
the repetition of sounds at the ends of words
Rhyme Scheme
a regular pattern of rhyming words in a poem
Meter
a pattern of stressed and unstressed syllables in poetry; it is determined by the number of unstressed and stressed syllables in a line
Metaphor
a comparison of unlike things that does not use like or as
Simile
a comparison of unlike things that uses like, as, and sometimes than
Figurative Language
writing or speech not meant to be interpreted literally; used to create vivid images and comparisons
Stanza
A group of lines in a poem: A poetry paragraph
Quatrain
A four-lined stanza
Personification
giving a non-human thing human qualities or characteristics
Couplet
A two-lined stanza that usually rhymes
Cinquain
A five-lined stanza
Symbol
something that has meaning in itself and represents something else
Mood
the overall feeling of a story or how the story makes the reader feel
Iamb
a unit of meter that is also called a foot. It consists of one unstressed syllable followed by a stressed syllable.
Iambic Tetrameter
A type of meter that has four Iambs per line (8 total syllables)
Alliteration
repetition of consonant sounds at the beginning of words
Iambic Pentameter
a type of meter that has five iambs per line. (remember that an iamb contains two syllables and so Iambic Pentameter will have 10 syllables per line.)
Tone
Author's opinion or attitude towards something in a work of literature
Ballad
A song-like narrative poem
Narrative Poem
a poem that tells a story
Sonnet
A poem that has fourteen lines that is written in iambic pentameter and has a specific rhyme scheme.
Hyperbole
Extreme exaggeration used for effect
Onomatopoeia
words that represent sounds
Oxymoron
a combination of words that seem to contradict each other: Deafening Silence, Alone in a crowd, the bright night
Understatement
the presentation of something as being smaller, worse, or less important than it actually is.