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The Burial of the Dead (Stanzas 1-4) Fill-in-the-Blanks!
Terms in this set (61)
Charles Baudelaire, Fleurs du Mal, Flowers of Evil
-____________'s "____________" ("___________") - city of dreams deprived of life - 3 legged old man walking in circle - different views of life - city filled with ___________ and __________
Charles Dickens, Bleak House, London, TS Eliot, Love Song of J Alfred Prufrock
"Under the brown fog of a winter dawn"
-_____________'s "_____________________" - describing fog of _____________
-_____________'s "_____________________" - describes yellow fog
Inferno, 3, 55-57, Hell
"I had not thought death had undone so many"
-Dante's ___________ Canto ____ Lines ___-___: "And after it there came so long a train
Of people, that I ne'er would have believed
That ever Death so many had undone"
-all the people filing into _______
-At the Gate of Hell with a sign that says, "All hope abandon, ye who enter in!"
-The Inefficient or Indifferent = 1st
4, 25-27, redemption, unbaptized
"Sighs, short and infrequent, were exhaled"
-Canto __ Lines __-__:
-Layer of hell with no _____________ because ___________ but virtuous (Vergil, Socrates, Homer, Noah, Moses)
London, London bridge, financial
"And each man fixed his eyes before his feet
Flowed up the hill and down King William Street"
-Road in _____________ - follows the ______________ from South to North
-Heart of the __________ district
"To where Saint Mary Woolnoth kept the hours"
-____________ church across the street from the _______ where TS Eliot worked
clock, circles, line, days, tarot cards, Matthew 27:46
"With a dead sound on the final stroke of nine"
-Large ______ of church - can hear ring far away - like a thud song
-Nine _________ in Hell, Ninth _________ in the stanza, Nine ________ for an anvil to all from Heaven to Earth and nine days to fall from Earth to Tartarus, Given Nine ____________ in the last stanza
-____________ __:___ - "And about the ninth hour Jesus cried with a loud voice, saying, Eli, Eli, lama sabachthani? that is to say, My God, my God, why hast thou forsaken me?"
coworker, hats, Anzac, Australia, New Zealand, Galipoli, Turkey, Jean Verdenal
"There I saw one I knew, and stopped him, crying 'Stetson!"
-_________ at bank
-Stetson _____ worn by ________ soldiers from ___________ and ____________ in WWI during the ___________ campaign invading __________ where Eliot's friend ___________ was killed
Sicilian, First Punic, Rome, Carthage, Phoenician, peninsula, corvus
"You who were with me in the ships at Mylae!"
-______________ War (260 BCE) - ______ won a major battle against ___________ (of ____________ descent and a __________ like Galipoli) - Romans had ________ (planks) they used to cross the ships
WWI, vegetation, Osiris, Isis, Set, Horus, Underworld, Living, Desert, evil, chaos
"'That corpse you planted last year in your garden,
'Has it begun to sprout? Will it bloom this year?"
-Refers back to the title of the part - dead of _______/____________ myths (tales of death and resurrection)
-___________ was a popular ruler of Egypt and _______ was his loving wife. He had an envious brother named _____ who made a coffin that fit him exactly. He trapped him in it and threw him in the Nile. Isis found him and hid him in a marsh. Set discovered this and chopped Osiris up into pieces and scattered the parts. Isis gathered all of the parts and prepared the body for the underworld. She tried to breathe life in him and had life breathed in her - a baby named ________. He sought revenge against his Uncle Set and battled him - no winner. The Gods divided up the powers: Osiris = ___________; Horus = ___________; Set = ____________ (______/_______)
Set, Webster, The White Devil, Anubis, Cornelius, Marchello, Fleminio, Orion, Sirius
"Or has the sudden frost disturbed its bed?
Oh keep the Dog far hence, that's friend to men,
Or with his nails he'll dig it up again!"
-Frost = symbol of ______
-_________'s "______________": But keep the wolf far thence, that 's foe to men,
For with his nails he 'll dig them up again"
-Dog = _________ - god of death
-__________ sings over her dead son's grave: __________ was killed by his brother __________ and he couldn't be buried in church wall because died by a family member - so buried outside so wolves would be able to dig him out
-_________ slain in battle; ____________ was his faithful dog; when he was made into a constellation, the dog follows his master in the sky; brings the rain to Egypt which makes the Nile flood which brigs vegetation, so a vegetation myth
Hypocrite reader, my double, my brother, Baudelaire, Fleurs du mal, the reader
"You! hypocrite lecteur! - mon semblable, - mon frere!"
-Means "__________! - ___________ - __________"
-From preface of _____________'s ______________ "It's BOREDOM. Tears have glued its eyes together.
You know it well, my Reader. This obscene
beast chain-smokes yawning for the guillotine —
you — hypocrite Reader — my double — my brother!"
Aldous Huxley, Crome Yellow, Scogan, Bertrand Russel, Senwosret
"Madame Sosostris, famous clairvoyant"
-Echos a character from _____________'s "____________"
-Madame is a man called ______. He appeared at the village fair as Madame Sesostris, 'the Sorceress of Ecbatana'. In this role he read palms and tried to set up selected female clients for seduction. It is generally agreed among critics that Mr Scogan is based on the philosopher and womanizer, _________ __________ - mathematician and philosopher who had an affair with Eliot's wife Vivian (she later went to an asylum and Eliot married the love of his life).
-Sosostris is the greek name for the pharaoh _________, who was the first pharaoh to reach Europe.
"With a wicked pack of cards"
-________________ - ways of reading fortune - each card has different meaning.
Phoenicia, Phlebas the Phoenician, Arthurian, Wagner, Parsifal, 1882, Fisher King
"Here, said she,
Is your cad, the drowned Phoenician Sailor"
-Not an actual card.
-_______ was an ancient sea faring nation and the location of the ceremonies to celebrate the God Thammuz (God of Spring and Fertility)
-References ___________________ - drowns in Part 4 - Found in ___________ Legend - ________ wrote it into an opera called "_____________" (________) - sacrifices his life for the life of the _____________ to become whole again.
The Tempest, Shakespeare, 1, 2, Ariel, Naples
"These are pearls that were his eyes. Look!"
-Line from ______________ by _____________ - Act __ Scene ___ in which ______ sings, "Full fathom five thy father lies.
Of his bones are coral made.
Those are pearls that were his eyes.
Nothing of him that doth fade,
But doth suffer a sea-change
Into something rich and strange.
Sea-nymphs hourly ring his knell.
Hark! now I hear them,—Ding-dong, bell."
Alludes to the sea death of the King of ________
Queen of Cups, beautiful lady, flower, eyeballs
"Here is Belladonna"
-Tarot card - The ________________ (love and happy marriage).
-Latin for _____________
-Belladonna is also a poisonous __________ that women dabbed on their ________ to make them beautiful because it dilated pupils. (Nightshade)
da Vinci, Virgin of the Rocks, Jesus, John the Baptist, Mary, angel
"the Lady of the Rocks"
-___________ painting called "__________________" - shows _______, __________, ________, and an ________
strength, effort, commerce, Fisher King, sea
"Here is the man with three staves"
-Tarot card - for ________, _________, ____________
-Allusion to ___________ - looking out to ______
Odin, eye, wisdom, ruler
"And here is the one-eyed merchant"
-_______ exchanged his _____ for _________ in order to be a better _______
Wheel of Fortune, rapid change, life, death, seasons, Gospels, Luke, Mark, John, Matthew, Aquarius, Scorpio, Leo, Torah, Typhon, Anubis, sphinx, equalizer, balance, TAROT, TORA, Alchemy, mercury, sulphur, water, salt, Jewish, God
"and here the Wheel"
-_________________ Tarot card - means ________ _________ - difference between ______ and ________; cycles of ________
-4 animals = 4 __________: __________ (bull), __________ (lion), ________ (eagle), and ________ (winged man)
-angel = _____________; eagle = ____________; -lion = __________: all holding the _________
-snake = __________ = pure evil - tried to overthrow Zeus - trapped under Earth (volcanoes)
-_________ = jackal-headed human - takes care of dead and helps to give them a safe travel to the underworld
-_________ = great __________ - symbol of __________
-Words spell out ___________ if go clockwise or _______ if go counterclockwise
-__________ symbols (elements of the life force) = __________, __________, __________, and _________
-_______ symbols that spell out name of ______
Fraser, James George Fraser, Golden Bough, Phlebas, Fisher King, Samual Beckett's, End Game, sunken
-Refers to the hanged God of _____ in Sir __________________'s "The _______________."
-Self sacrifice of the fertility God - _______ and the ___________.
-__________'s "______________." Depicts a ________ world.
"Which is blank'
Tarot card = __________
Judgment, Dante's Inferno, 18, Purgatorio
"I see crowds of people, walking round in a ring"
-Allusion to ____________ Canto ___ __________, Level 4: Sloths.
wife, married, affair
"If you see dear Mrs. Equitone
Tell her I bring the horoscrope myself
One must be so careful these days"
-Made up name
referring to his ______ (Vivienne) because fortune teller Madame Sosostris/Bertrand Russel was known for womanizing __________ women and he knows Vivienne is probably having an ________.
heritage, sin, Job 8:16, vegetation, Tiresias
"What are the roots that clutch, what branches grow
Out of this stony rubbish"
-clutch = __________
-branches = _____
-____ __:___ - accosed of being a sinner; God says he will always be faithful
-tone = profetic - voice of ______________
Ezekial 2:1, Ezekial, Matthew 9:6
"Son of man"
-from ___________ __:__ - God calls _________ the son of man - calls to repent or have no hope
-______ _:__ "But that ye may know that the Son of man hath power on earth to forgive sins, (then saith he to the sick of the palsy,) Arise, take up thy bed, and go unto thine house."
idols, Ezekial, 6:4, 6:6
"A heap of broken images"
-God promises Ezekial he will destroy all false ___________
-from _________ __: ___ and __:__
Ecclesiastes 12:5, old age, body, spirit
"where the sun beats,
And the dead tree gives no shelter, the cricket no relief"
-______________ __:__ - allegory of ________ - _____ on Earth but ______ returns back to God
Numbers 20:11-12, Exodus 17:6, Isaish 32:2, 2:10
"And the dry stone no sound of water."
-Story of Moses in __________ __:__ and _________ __:__ - God tells Moses to hit the rocks so water comes out but changes his mind: shouldn't have hit it
-Also in ___________ __:__ and __:__
Isaiah 32:2, Tantalus, Narcissus, TS Eliot, Jerusalem
There is shadow under this red rock
-_________ __:__ or ____________ - banished to underworld - couldn't eat or drink
-Death of St. ___________ - poem written by __________; about a 2nd century bishop/saint who was accused of committing an unspeakable, but contestable crime (homosexuality); disproved slander and escaped to desert; 3 accusers took oaths: all perished as they promised - blood, leprosy, fire; Narcissus returned - named Bishop of ____________
Common Prayer, Tennyson's, Maud, Monodrama, Genesis 3:19
"And I will show you something different from either
Your shadow at morning striding behind you
Or your shadow at evening rising to meet you"
-Dust to dust; Book of _______ ________, the order for the burial of the dead. The priest says, "FORASMUCH as it hath pleased Almighty God of his great mercy to take unto himself the soul of our dear brother here departed: we therefore commit his body to the ground; earth to earth, ashes to ashes, dust to dust;(...)"
-Refers back to epigraph with Sybil
-____________'s "____: A _____________" "Dead, long dead,
And my heart is a handful of dust,
And the wheels go over my head..."
-_________ __:____ "For dust you are,
And to dust you shall return."
Genesis 3:19, Book of Common Prayer, Lilith, sediment, succubus, Tennyson, Maud, Monodrama
John Donne, Devotions Upon Emergent Occasions and Several Steps in my Sickness, dying, A Handful of Dust, Meditation Upon Our Humane Condition
"I will show you fear in a handful of dust"
-__________ __:__ - "for dust you are and to dust you will return."
-________________ - "Earth to Earth, ashes to ashes, dust to dust"
-_______ (Adam's first wife) also made from __________ - too controlling - God cast her out to wilderness - lives with evil things - first ____________; Eve was created from a rib - a part of Adam
-____________'s "_____: A _____________" "Dead, long dead,
And my heart is a handful of dust,
And the wheels go over my head..."
-"I will show you fear in a handful of dust"
-__________'s "____________________" - wrote essays because he thought he was dying; One was called "______________" in section called "____________________"
Fresh blows the wind to the homeland. My Irish darling, where do you wait?
"Frich weht der Wind
Der Heimat zu.
Mein Irisch Kind,
Wo weilest du?"
Tristan and Isolde, 1865, Munich, Wagner, Ludwig, Isolde, Tristan
"Frich weht der Wind
Der Heimat zu.
Mein Irisch Kind,
Wo weilest du?"
From the opera "___________________" (debuted ________ in _________) by ________ (________'s favorite composer)
-_________ (a young woman on the way to Ireland on a ship overhears a sailor praise of love (opportunity)
-on way to marry a king - meets __________ (knight of the king) - falls in love, separated, and die - tragic love story
masculinity, resurrection, Apollo, Zephyrys, Hyacynthus
"'You gave me hyacinths first a year ago"
-Flowers hat symbolize ___________/___________________
-Story: 2 gods ___________ and _____________ - fell in love with a Greek man ______________ - Apollo taught him how to throw a discus and Zephrys was mad so he through it back - Hyacynthus died and a flower bloomed: story of male love - jealousy - juxtaposition
boy girl, Thremody, Ralph Waldo Emerson, dead son
"'They called me the hyacinth girl"
-Means ______ ______
-__________ by _________________ - about his _____ _____- uses hyacinth because a symbol of rebirth/male: refers to son as hyacinth boy : infertile - like the fisher king
Purgatorio, 30, 21, lilies, hands, La Figlia Che Piange, The Young Girl Weeping, Prufrock, hair, arms, flowers
"Your arms full, and your hair wet"
-Dante's ___________ Canto ____ Line ___: "Oh offer ________ with full ______"
-Eliot's "__________________" ("___________________") from __________ and other Observations: "Her _______ over her ________ and her arms full of ______________"
Tiresias, Paradiso, 33, 83-87, paradise, light
Song of Songs, Solomon, Tiresias
"I could not
Speak, and my eyes failed"
-________________ (Greek mythology)
-Dante's ______________ Canto ____ Lines ___-___: Final vision as reaches _____________ - overwhelmed by _________
-______________ by ____________ "I opened to my beloved; but my beloved had withdrawn himself, and was gone: my soul failed when he spake: I sought him, but I could not find him."
-Alludes to prophet _________ (blind)
The Odyssey, Inferno, 34, 24-25, inferno, Lucifer
"I was neither
Living nor dead"
-_______________: Odysseus, nearly dead, washes on the shore of Scheria
-Dante's ___________ Canto ___ Lines ___-____: Enters ___________ and sees _____________ frozen
Job 8:9, yesterday, earth, shadow
"and I knew nothing,"
-____ __:__ - "For we are but of _______________ and know nothing for our days on ________ are but a ____________"
Heart of Darkness, Joseph Conrad, The Silence, 1910
"Looking into the heart of light"
-from ________________ by _____________ - passage originally in epigraph
-T.S. Eliot's "____________" (______)
Tristan and Isolde, Richard Wagner, Desolate and Empty is the Sea, shepherd
"Od' und leer das Meer"
-From _______________ by ____________- when he is dying and can't see her coming on the sea
-means, "_________________" - At this point in the opera, the shepherd is asked to watch the sea for a ship that would rescue the lifeless Tristan. The former then delivers the line quoted hereand departs, playing his reed-pipe. Immediately, Tristan awakens. Parallels Odysseus's awakening.
WWI, Anglican Book of Common Prayer, buried, resurrected, fertile, Canterbury Tales, Geoffrey Chaucer
"The Burial of the Dead" could reference:
-the ancient burial myth in _______________ where you have to be _________, to be _________, or have your soul continue
-ancient vegetation myth - gods die to make ground _________ again
-Allusion to ______________ by ____________
Canterbury Tales, framed, pilgrimage, to open, WWI, No Man's Land, George Orwell, 1984, 1949
"April is the cruellest month"
-Allusion to _____________ - reference to hope, sensuality, and spiritual renewal - a famous __________ story about people on a _____________
-Means __________ in Latin ("Aperire")
-Many ______ attacks across ______________ occurred. Many men died.
-George Orwell's 1984 (______) opened with a reference to April; foreshadows dark things ahead.
Walt Whitman, When Lilacs Last in the Dooryard Bloom, Lincoln, April 1865, France
"Lilacs out of the dead land"
-Lilacs = Allusion to ____________'s "________________________" which was an elegy to __________ who was assassinated in ________ _______
-Battle fields in _______ were fertilized with the dead.
James Thomson's, City of Dreadful Nights, Vane's Story, Weddah and Om-El-Bonain, degrading
"Memory and desire, stirring"
-________________'s "___________________" from _____'s _______ (____________): shows a ___________ city.
lover's flame, Canterbury Tales
"Dull roots with spring rain"
-allusion to ___________________ prologue
"Winter kept us warm"
-_________; explains ___________ of winter (compared to spring) warfare in WWI.
To Our Ladies of Death, James Thomson, 1861
"A little life with dried tubers"
-Allusion to "_________________________" by ____________ (______) - ladies that take care of bodies before burial
-Tubers - asexual reproductive parts of plants. "Our Mother feedeth thus our little life that we in turn may feed her with our death."
Munich, Ludwig II, Swan/Fairy, Bavaria, physician, 1886, Nevermore, Valarie Larvin
"Summer surprised us, coming over the Starnbergersee"
-Lake in __________, Germany where ________ ("The ______/_______ King) - King of ____________ - drowned along with a _______________ - who he may have been intimate with. Ludwig's family may have killed him since they thought he was insane (He would spend a ton of money building too many castles, like one on the Starnbergersee). Death in ________ was a mystery.
-alluded to in _____________ by ______________________
"With a shower of rain; we stopped in the ____________" - Series of columns set at intervals to support roof
Munich, Maximilian I
"And went on in sunlight, into the Hofgarten"
-court garden in center of __________ - built by _______________ - a lot of colonnades; basically the palace
"And drank coffee, and talked for an hour"
-embracing ________ existence
-_____________ and Eliot had coffee in the garden
I am not Russian at all. I come from Lithuania. I am a real German. Marie Larisch
What does "Bin gar keine Russin, stamm' aus Litauen, echt deutsch" mean?
-The speaker of this part is __________
feminine, Tarr, 1918, Wyndham Lewis, sexual unification
"Bin gar keine Russin, stamm' aus Litauen, echt deutsch" is in the ____________ form
-from _______ (_______) by _________________ - TS Eliot reviewed it - satire of German ______________________
Franz Ferdinand, Black hand, Gavrilo Princip, Austro-Hungarian, WWI
"And when we were children, staying at the archdukes"
-Distant cous in ________________ - assassinated by _____________ assassin ______________________ - he was the heir to the ______________ Empire - assassination started _______
Marie Larisch, Rudolf, Belgian, Stephanie, Leopold, Ludwig II, Mary Vetsera, Mayerling, hunting, Bavaria
"And when we were children, staying at the archdukes"
-Countess _____________ - 1st cousin Prince _______________married to __________ princess _____________ (daughter of King ___________); also the second cousin to King ___________
-Prince Rudolf had a scandal with girl _________________ at _____________ Affair: both found dead at his _________lodge in ___________- different theories about death: King Leopold killed him/her, She killed him because about to be dumped, King Leopold killer her and Rudolf killed himself, She cut off his junk and then killed himself - no one knows what happened
Marie, voice, Ethan Frome, Edith Wharton, suicide, My Fast, Villa Valerine
"My cousin's, he took me out on a sled,
And I was frightened. He said, Marie,
Marie, hold on ight. And down we went.
In the mountains, there you feel free.
I read, much of the night, and go south in the winter"
-Conversation _______ had with Eliot; her ______ at the end of the stanza
-__________ by ______________ - she stays in his cabin in snow storm - sexual undertone to sledding - this line is more danger/fear - made a __________ pact to run into trees with him, but they did not do it
-Marie wrote "____________" - took vacation from husband into mountains in ______________
-"In the mountains, there you feel free" is a German cliché from Goethe's "Wandering Night Song II"
With my own eyes I saw the Sibyl of Cumae hanging in a bottle; and when the boys said to her: "Sybil, what do you want?" She replied, "I want to die."
Satyricon, Petronius, Sybil, oracle, Apollo, sand, eternal life, youth, Hercules, Cumae, Ovid, Metamorphoses
"Nam Sibyllam quidem Cumis ego ipse oculis meis vidi
in ampulla pendere, et cum illi pueri dicerent: Σιβυλλα
τι θελεις; respondebat illa: αποθανειν θελω."
-From _________ of ____________. ______ was an ________, who ________ was in to. In exchange for her virginity, he would grant her as many years as grains of ______ in her hands. When she refused to have sex with him, he gave her __________ _____, but not _______. She wasted away. She hung in a bottle at the Temple of ___________ at _______.
-Referenced in ____'s "_________________."
The better craftsman, Dante's Inferno, 26, 117
Tanslate: "il miglior fabbro." This is from ___________, Canto ___ Line ____
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