40 terms

Ancient Greek Art Terms

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Krater
an ancient Greek wide-mouthed bowl for mixing wine and water
meander
key pattern around the rim of a krater
cella
the chamber at the center of an ancient temple
naos
in a classical temple, this room is where the cult statue usually stood
Entasis
the convex profile in the shaft of a column; pronounced swelling
acropolis
high city, highest and most fortified point within a Greek city-state
kore
statue of a goddess or maiden
amphora
two-handled storage jar
contrapposto
put all weight on one leg, causes hips to shift and shoulders to counter balance, which sets up potential for natural pose
pediment
the triangular space (gable) at the end of a building, formed by the ends of the sloping roof above the colonnade
triglyph
a triple projecting, grooved member of a Doric frieze that alternates with metopes
peristyle
a colonnade all around the cella and its porch(es)
stereobate
the first step leading up to a building, such as the Parthenon
frieze
the part of an entablature between the architrave and cornice; any sculptured or painted band in a building
nike
Athena's attendant who is the personification of victory
black-figure painting
In early Greek pottery, the silhouetting of dark figures against a light background of natural, reddish clay, with linear details incised through the silhouettes.
parapet
a low wall along the edge of a roof or balcony
athena
(Greek mythology) goddess of wisdom and useful arts and prudent warfare
Alexander the Great
son of Philip II; received military training in Macedonian army and was a student of Aristotle; great leader; conquered much land in Asia Minor, Syria, Egypt, and Mesopotamia; goal was to conquer the known world
Corinthian
most ornate of the three orders of classical Greek architecture
Doric
oldest and simplest of the three orders of classical Greek architecture
Ionic
a taller, thinner column with scroll shapes on its capital
Parthenon
temple in Athens built to honor the goddess Athena
portico
a porch or entrance to a building consisting of a covered and often columned area
caryatids
a sculpture of a draped female figure acting as a column supporting an entablature
kouros
archaic greek sculpture of standing male
peplos
a garment worn by women in ancient Greece
Hellenistic
a word meaning to "imitate Greeks"; Greek-speaking civilization which spread through many lands of the eastern Mediterranean and beyond following the conquests of Alexander the Great.
entablature
The upper section of a classical building, resting on the columns and constituting the architrave, frieze, and cornice
metope
panel between the triglyphs in a Doric frieze, often sculpted in relief
volute
ornament from Ionic capital resembling a rolled scroll
periptural
single row of columns on all sides
stylobate
The uppermost course of the platform of a Greek temple, which supports the columns.
gable
The triangular section of an end wall formed by the pitch of the roof
centaur
mythological beast that was part man, part horse
in antis
between the pillars
Pericles
Athenian leader noted for advancing democracy in Athens and for ordering the construction of the Parthenon.
idealism
(philosophy) the philosophical theory that ideas are the only reality
Zeus
(Greek mythology) the supreme god of ancient Greek mythology
Phideas
made the scultpture of Athena in the Parthenon. was a Greek sculptor, painter and architect, commonly regarded as one of the greatest of all Classical sculptors.