31 terms

WHI.10 The Middle Ages

foundations of early medieval society
- classical heritage of Rome
- Christian beliefs
- customs of Germanic tribes
powerful forces in Europe after the collapse of the Western Roman Empire
Germanic and Scandinavian kingdoms
where Vikings were located
where Angles and Saxons were located
where Franks were located
present-day France & Germany
Frankish kings had an alliance with -
- the Church
result of the alliance between the Church and Frankish kings
increased Papal authority & influence in Western Europe
crowned Emperor in 800 CE by the Pope
language of scholars in the Age of Charlemagne
Classical Roman Latin
language of every day life in the Age of Charlemagne
French, Italian, Spanish, etc.
territory included in the new Holy Roman Empire under Charlemagne
most of Western Europe
these were built to unite the empire during the Age of Charlemagne
churches, roads and schools
invading groups that disrupted order in Europe during the Middle Ages
Angles, Saxons, Magyars & Vikings
migration of Angles & Saxons
to England in the 5th century
migration of Magyars
to central Europe in the 10th century
organization of Angle, Saxon, Magyar & Viking invading groups
tribal units led by chieftans
effect of invasion
disrupted trade, towns declined; shattered remaining Roman protection in the empire
religious changes in Angle, Saxon & Magyar invading groups
gradually converted to Christianity and then adopted literacy
timing of Viking attacks
mostly in the 9th & 10th centuries
what led to exploration & invasion by the Vikings
lack of arable land
land suitable for growing crops
religious changes for Vikings
had polytheistic religion; gradually converted to Christianity
effects of Viking attacks
contributed to the collapse of the Frankish Empire founded by Charlemagne
location of Viking settlements
what is today Russia, Iceland & Greenland; briefly in North America
the effect of the lack of protection from invasion due to the decline of Roman influence in western Europe
people entered into feudal agreements with landholding lords who promised them protection
when Feudalism emerged
gradually between the Fall of the Western Roman Empire (5th century) and the collapse of the Carolingian Empire (10th century)
Feudal estates
person granted land (fiefs) by a feudal lord in return for services
men of women who were the poorest members of society, peasants who worked the lord's land in exchange for protection
feudal obligations
Part of the relationship between lord's and serfs. The lords give the serfs goverment, justice and protection and the serfs give agricultural service
manorial system
- rigid class structure
- self-sufficient manors

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