24 terms

WHI.9 The Middle Ages

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the unifying force in western Europe
the Roman Catholic Church
foundations of early medieval society
- classical heritage of Rome
- Christian beliefs
- customs of Germanic tribes
secular authority declined while..
...Church authority grew
monastaries
preserved Greco-Roman cultural achievements
missionaries
carried Christianity and the Latin alphabet to Germanic tribes
annointed Emperor in 800 CE
Charlemagne
parish priests
served the religious, political and social needs of the people
the Pope
annointed emperors
the effect of the lack of protection from invasion due to the decline of Roman influence in western Europe
people entered into feudal agreements with landholding lords who promised them protection
fiefs
Feudal estates
vassals
person granted land (fiefs) by a feudal lord in return for services
serfs
men of women who were the poorest members of society, peasants who worked the lord's land in exchange for protection
feudal obligations
Part of the relationship between lord's and serfs. The lords give the serfs goverment, justice and protection and the serfs give agricultural service
manorial system
- rigid class structure
- self-sufficient manors
Frankish kings had an alliance with -
- the Church
result of the alliance between the Church and Frankish kings
re-established Roman culure and Christianity in western Europe
these were built to unite the empire during the Age of Charlemagne
churches, roads and schools
how Frankish kings expanded their territory
military power
where Angles and Saxons migrated
from continental Europe to England
where Magyars migrated
from Central Asia to Hungary
where Vikings migrated
from Scandinavia to Russia
invasions by Angles, Saxons, Magyars and Vikings -
- disrupted the social, economic and political order of Europe
manors with castles provided protection from invaders and -
reinforced the feudal system
effect of invasion
disrupted trade, towns declined and the feudal system was strengthened

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