71 terms

Theatre

STUDY
PLAY

Terms in this set (...)

What are the reasons for studying theatre?
Historical and because it is LIVE
The BIG four
What we must have for theatre to occur.*
Idea, performers, audience, theatre space *
Arts can be
Literary, visual or performing.
Art is
Selective and deals with time and space.
Theatre is:
Collaborative art.
Theatre makes us:
Use many different types of arts.
Purpose of theatre
Entertain, teach, agitate, worship.
Point of theatre as opposed to tv/movies:
The difference between active and passive audience.
It keep theatre alive as an art form, depsite other forms of electronic entertainment.
Convention
Accepted rules by which the audience understands the play.
Suspending Disbelief
the concept that we are with the artist every step of the way
Fourth wall
Invisible wall; seperates audience.
Active and passive audiences
...
Proscenium stage
a performance space in which the audience views the action as if through a picture frame
Proscenium Arch
an opening in a wall that stands between the stage and the house that becomes the frame through which the audience sees the play
Arena Staging
A round or square stage completely surrounded by the audience.
Thrust Staging
Most popular. Does not have stagehouse and can use scenary. Combo of proscenium and arena.Goes back to the greeks, and shakespeare.
Created and found spaces
Theatre held in spaces not designed for theatre. "Take the space as you find it."
non- theatre buildings
plays put up in places like lofts, warehouses, fire stations etc.
Street theatre
theatre that takes place outside traditional theatre space without traditional theatre trappings
Oldest form of staging
Arena
Stage used by most broadway theatres
Proscenium
Most popular form of stage type throughout history
Thrust stage
Stage preferred by the greeks in their constructed theatre
Thrust stage
Rake
angle or slope the audience sits on.
Stage house
structure behind the stage
Skene
Greeks call it their stage house
Wings
The sides
Fly loft
Proscenuim: big stage house. What people cannot see above the stage.
Apron
Front part of the stage
Orchestra Pit
Underneath the pit
Battens
Holds lights.
Teaser
Top of the stage
legs
Side of the curtain that the audience can see.
Stage directions for moving the actor on stage
Up stage left, Up stage right, Center stage left, Center stage right.
Blocking.
Thespis
Greek poet who is said to have originated Greek tragedy (sixth century BC)
Protagonist
main character
Antagonist
the character who works against the protagonist in the story
Arion
1st guy to do something we recognize in theatre.
Dithyramb
Poetry set to the music; a hymn or choral ode.
Pericles
important leader and warrior in Athens during the Golden Age who strengthened democracy, made it possible for poor people to be in the government of Athens, and said there should be equal justice for all people.
Temple/Theatre of Dionysus.
The theatre at Athens was situated in the open air in a hollow on the southern slope of the Acropolis; it was within the precinct of the old temple of the god Dionysus, who thus gave the theatre its name and whose image watched over the dramatic performances of the Great Dionysia and of the Lenaea. An altar of the god (thymelē) stood in the centre of the dancing-floor (orchestra). The oldest remains of buildings on the site go back perhaps to the sixth century BC
Festival of Dionysus
Dionysus, the god of wine and ecstasy, was intimately associated with the theatre. In fact, he was even worshipped in the form of a mask!! The main theatre in Athens was also called the Theatre of Dionysus. The Festival itself was actually a religious event dedicated to Dionysus. It usually ran over a few days.
Qualities common to all greek drama
Competitive, no violence, used masks.
Trilogy
Three related plays or novels
Satyr play
an ancient Greek burlesque with a chorus of satyrs
Three actor rule
Besides the chorus, only three actors performed all the speaking roles in tragedies produced at the Dionysia, although the authorities who oversaw these celebrations of Dionysus allowed on stage any number of mute actors. These non-speaking parts were probably played by young actors-in-training whose voices were not as yet fully matured and could not project well enough to be heard throughout the enormous arenas encompassed by classical theatres.
Theatron
"Seeing place" where the audience sat
Orchestra
seating on the main floor in a theater
Skene
small hut like building behind the stage used as a dressing room and later as a backdrop for painted settings. What greeks called the stagehouse.
machina
used to lower actors playing god onto the stage.
Deus ex machina
(in ancient Greek and Roman drama) a god introduced into a play to resolve the entanglements of the plot.
functions of the chorus
In ancient Greek plays, the chorus played an important part in the telling of the story. They were considered the narrator of the play, and often sang songs between speeches and continued the story between scenes.
Aeschylus
Father of Tragedy
Sophocles
one of the great tragedians of ancient Greece (496-406 BC)
Three characters
Protagonist, deuteragonist, triragoinst
euripides
one of the greatest tragic dramatists of ancient Greece (480-406 BC)
aristophanes
an ancient Greek dramatist remembered for his comedies (448-380 BC)
Menander
comic dramatist of ancient Greece (342-292 BC)
Old greek comedy
Makes fun of political, social cultural conditions with satire
New greek comedy
Focuses on romantic, domestic problems
Repertory
a storehouse where a stock of things is kept
Ensemble
a group of musicians playing or singing together
The producer
Person who produces the play and pays for everything
Optioning
When a script is "rented" out for a fixed amount of time. You cannot shop the script around while on option. Options should only last one year
Regional theatre
Permanent, professional theatres located outside New York City.
University/educational theatre
University theatre; has more funding, and more experience. Education theatre does not.
community theatre
amateur theatre in which shows are created by residents of a particular area who come together without being part of a professional or academic institution
The director
directs and runs the play
unifying concept
...
Blocking
How actors move on stage
Duke george II
German; "First Modern Director," set the modern standard for sets (perfection), had a naturalist worldview that influenced his plays