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40 terms

Patho 8 quiz

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If a patient's muscle contracted but the limb did not move, how would this muscle contraction be described?
Isometric contraction
Discoid lupus erythematosus is a disorder related to
autoimmunity
Acne vulgaris involves inflammation of which of the following?
Sebaceous follicles
A 4 month old female develops white spots and shallow ulcers in her mouth. Her pediatrician diagnosis her with thrush. This condition is caused by which of the following?
Candida Albicans
Which of the following people is at highest risk for the development of gout?
men aged 40-50 years old
A 14 year old female presents with severe acne. Which of the following promote acne development?
androgens
Scleroderma is most likely to cause which change in the skin?
hardening
A 36 year old male is experiencing frontotemporal hair recession. He is diagnosed with male patter baldness, which is a form of?
alopecia
Molluscum contagiosum affects the skin and
conjunctiva
______ ions directly control the contraction of muscles.
Calcium
A 76 year old female was diagnosed with osteoporosis by radiologic exam. She is at high risk for
pathologic bone fractures
Polyarthritis is a type of juvenile arthritis in which more than ______ joints are affected.
3
Candidiasis is a condition caused by
yeast
The cause of Paget disease is
unknown at present
Which malignant skin lesion is the most serious?
malignant melanoma
Rheumatoid arthritis (RA) is
an autoimmune disease
The major difference between compact bone and spongy bone is the
organization of the structural elements
A 3 year old male presents with developmental delay. Testing reveals that the child has muscular dystrophy. Treatment will include which of the following?
steroids
Fibromyalgia is a chronic musculoskeletal disorder characterized by which of the following?
pain resulting from joint and muscle inflammation
Tinea corporis (ringworm) is a ______ infection of the skin.
fungal
A 70 year old femal with osteoporosis fractures her leg at the location of a pre-exisiting abnormality. She reports that the fracture occured following a mior fall. Which of the followin best describes the fracture?
pathologic fracture
Rubella, rubeola, and roseola are common communicable diseases caused by ______ infection.
viral
The molecule that prevents a muscle contraction from occurring when the muscle is at rest is
troponin-tropomyosin
The medical term for ringworm is
tinea corporis
A 54 year old male was recently diagnosed with rheumatoid arthritis (RA). Which of the following is the expected treatment of choice?
Methotrexate
Bullous impetigo is caused by a strain of which of the following?
Staph aureus
A 4 month old female is diagnosed with atopic dermatitis (AD). Which of the following symptoms most support this diagnosis?
dry, itchy, skin
The main energy source or fuel for skeletal muscle contraction is which of the following?
(ATP) adenosine triphosphate
A 3 year old male develops tinea capititis after playing with the family dog. The infection is caused by which of the following?
fungus
Individuals of ______ descent are more prone to developing keloids.
african-american
The contractile unit of a muscle is called the
myofibril
The incidence of fractures of the pelvis is highest in
older adults
Which of the following burns is most painful?
superficial partial-thickness
Duchenne muscular dystrophy (DMD) has a(n) _________ inheritance pattern.
X-linked recessive
A 32 year old obese male begins a joggin routine. A week after beginning, he fractures his leg. This is referred to as a what type of fracture?
fatigue
A 70 year old female presents with a hip fracture. She is diagnosed with osteoporosis. One factor that most likely contributed to her condition is
decreased estrogen levels
A 15 year old female reports abnormal hair growth on her face and body. This condition is referred to as which of the following?
hirsutism
Fat cells are located in which of the following?
hypodermis
A 5 year old female develops chicken pox after exposure at her day care center. This disease is caused by which of the following?
a herpes virus
Transchondral fractures are most prevelent in
adolescents