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Anatomy - Arteries of the Upper and Lower Extremities

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The brachial cephalic artery is a branch of?
Arch of the Aorta
The left common carotid artery is a branch of
Arch of the Aorta
The left subclavian is a branch of?
Arch of the Aorta
What is the branch of the Arch of the Aorta that provides blood supply to the left upper extremity?
Left Subclavian Artery
What branch of the Arch of the Aorta provides blood supply to the right upper extremity?
Brachiocephalic Artery
What is the alternate name for the brachio cephalic artery?
Innominate Artery
What branch of the arch of the aorta provides blood supply to the left side of the head and neck
Left Common Carotid
What is the landmark found between the subclavian artery and the axillary artery?
Lateral border of the first rib
What is the landmark found between the axillary artery and the brachial artery?
Teres Major Muscle
Which vessel is the medial branch of the two vessels formed from the bifurcation of the brachial artery?
Ulnar Artery
Which vessel is the lateral branch of the two vessels formed from the bifurcation of the brachial artery?
Radial Artery
What are the vessels in the palms of the hands that form loops which anastomosize between the radial and ulnar arteries?
Deep Polmar Arteries
What is the alternate name for the palmar arch?
Volar Arch
What is the vessel that is the terminal contiuation of the radial artery into the palm of the hand?
Deep Palmar
What is the vessel that is the terminal contiuation of the ulnar artery into the palm of the hand?
Superficial Artery
What are the branches of the deep palmar and superficial palmar arches that provide the blood supply to the fingers?
Digital Arteries
What is the branch of the subclavian artery which provides the blood supply to the anterior chest wall and breasts?
Internal Thoracic
What is the alternate name for the internal thoracic artery?
Internal Mammary
What is the branch of the subclavian artery which provides the blood supply to parts of the spinal chord, the brain stem, and ends by uniting with its pair at the base of the brain?
Vertebral Artery
What is the branch of the subclavian artery which provides the blood supply to the thyroid gland and neck?
Thyro Cervical Trunk
What is the branch of the subclavian artery which provides the blood supply to the to the first and second posterior intercostals spaces and muscles of the neck?
Costo Cervical Trunk
The Thoraco Acromial Artery is a branch of ?
Axillary Artery
The lateral Thoracic Artery is a branch of?
Axillary Artery
The Subscapular Artery is a branch of?
Axillary Artery
The Poterior Humeral Circumflex Artery is a branch of?
Axillary Artery
What is the name of the branch of the brachial artery?
Deep Brachial
What is the latin name for the deep brachial?
Brachial Profundus
At its inferior end which two vessels does the abdominal aorta bifurcate into?
Right & Left Common Iliacs
What is the name of the landmark found between the external iliac artery and the femoral artery?
Ingunal ligament
What is another name for the ingunal ligament?
Poupart's Ligament
What two vessels do the common iliac arteries bifurcate into?
Internal & External Iliacs
What is another name for the internal iliac artery?
Hypogastric Artery
The vessel arising from the bifurcation of the common iliac artery which provides the blood supply to the pelvic cavity and its contents is?
Internal Iliac Artery
The vessel arising from the bifurcation of the common iliac artery which continues into the lower extremity as the femoral artery is?
External Iliac Artery
The branches of the internal iliac arteries which are involved only in fetal circulation are?
Umbilical Arteries
The femoral artery has three branches - name the pair that provide blood supply to the hip-joint?
Medial & Lateral Femoral Circumflex Arteries
The femoral artery has three branches - name the branch that runs parallel and deep to the femoral artery?
Deep Femoral
What is the Latin name for the deep femoral artery?
Femoral Profundus
What is the landmark found between the femoral artery and the popliteal artery?
Adductor Magnus Muscle
The continuation of the femoral artery is called?
Popliteal Artery
What are the branches of the popliteal artery providing the blood supply to the area about the knee?
Genicular Arteries
Just below the knee the popliteal artery bifurcates into what two vessels?
Anterior & Posterior Tibial Arteries
What vessel arises from the bifurcation of the popliteal artery which provides the blood supply to the bottom of the foot?
Posterior Tibial
What vessel arises from the bifurcation of the popliteal artery which provides the blood supply to the top of the foot
Anterior Tibial
What branch of the posterior tibial artery provides the blood supply for the muscles of the calf of the leg?
Peroneal
What is the name of the continuation of the anterior tibial artery at the top of the foot?
Dorsalis Pedis
What is the alternate name for the dorsalis pedis artery?
Great Dorsal
What is the continuation of the dorsalis pedis artery on the foot that curves across behind the toes?
Arcuate Artery
What are the branches of the arcuate artery that provide the blood supply for the toes?
Digital Arteries
What are the terminal branches of the posterior tibial artery at the bottom of the foot
Medial & Lateral Plantar Arteries
What are the branches of the plantar arches that provide the blood supply for the toes?
Digital Arteries
What is another name for the right atrio ventricular valve?
Tricuspid
What are two other names for the left atrio ventricular valve?
Bicuspid & Mitral
What are the blood cells responsible for fighting infections?
White Blood Cells (Leukocytes)
What blood cells contain hemoglobin?
Red Blood Cells (Erythrocytes)
What is the chamber of the heart where pulmonary circulation begins?
Right Ventricle
What is the chamber of the heart where pulmonary circulation ends?
Left Atrium
What is the chamber of the heart where systemic circulation ends?
Right Atrium
What is the chamber of the heart where systemic circulation begins?
Left Ventricle
Which blood cells are involved with phagocytosis?
White Blood Cells (Leukocytes)
Which blood cells are most closely associated with clotting?
Platelets (Thrombocytes)