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Terms in this set (50)
What is the main objection many people have to closed primaries?
They exclude independent voters.
When candidates for a local office are not identified by party labels, they are nominated through a(n) __________ primary.
What is the main objection many people have to open primaries?
They permit "raiding" by members of other parties
When an absolute majority is needed to carry a primary, but no one wins a majority in a race, a __________ primary must be held to select the nominee.
A blanket primary is one in which
every voter gets a ballot listing every candidate, regardless of party, for every nomination to be made at the primary.
Voter turnout in primary elections is usually
less than half what it is in general elections.
Which of the following is an example of a candidate being nominated through the petition method?
a candidate who lost his party's primary for governor of Texas gets enough signatures on a petition to be added to the ballot as an independent candidate
A primary in which any qualified voters can cast ballots is a(n) __________ primary.
Which of the following is an example of a candidate being nominated through the caucus method?
members of the Federalist party in Congress meet to choose the candidate they will support in the 1824 presidential election
A primary in which only declared party members can vote is a(n) __________ primary.
Which of the following is an example of the coattail effect?
a very popular presidential candidate pulls in many voters for his party, resulting in the election of several other members of his party running for State and local offices
Most elections happen on the date Congress set for national elections, which is
Tuesday-after-the-the-first-Monday in November of every even-numbered year.
By what two methods can voters cast their ballots on days other than the official election day?
absentee voting and early voting
A __________ is the place where the voters who living in a voting district actually vote.
A __________ is a voting district, the smallest geographic units for the conduct of elections.
A ballot on which candidates for an office are grouped together under the title of that office is called the __________ ballot.
What type of ballot most often results in "ballot fatigue" because it is so long with so many offices and candidates that voters get tired before they reach the end of the ballot?
Why were punch-card ballots eliminated between 2002 and 2006?
Improperly punched cards caused problems during the 2000 presidential election.
A ballot on which each party's candidates are listed in a column under the party's name is called the __________ ballot.
Which of the following methods of casting a ballot is NOT currently widely available?
Most federal campaign spending limits do NOT apply to
Corporations and labor unions are not allowed to contribute to any candidate running for a federal office, so they
form political action committees (PACs) to try to affect the outcome of elections.
Congress first began to regulate the use of money in federal elections in 1907, when it banned campaign contributions from
corporations and national banks
Disclosure requirements call for the campaign committees of candidates for federal office to
report certain campaign finance information.
A grant of money, usually from the government, for use as campaign money is called
__________ is money raised and spent to elect candidates for Congress and the White House, while __________ is given to party organizations for "party-building activities."
Hard money; soft money
What does the Federal Election Commission (FEC) do?
administers all federal law dealing with campaign finance
The goal of the Bipartisan Campaign Reform Act (BCRA) of 2002 was to
ban soft-money contributions to political parties.
Why is the use of money regulated in today's elections?
because getting and spending campaign funds can corrupt the entire political process
Which of the following is an example of a political action committee (PAC)?
the American Association of Retired Persons (AARP), which lobbies on behalf of senior citizens
What is the main argument in support of open primaries?
They do not exclude independent voters.
Which method of nomination is most common in the United States today?
What is the difference between a closed primary and an open primary?
Only registered party members may vote in a closed primary, whereas any qualified voter can vote in an open primary.
What is the function of a political action committee (PAC)?
to raise money to influence elections and public policy on behalf of special-interest groups
A runoff primary is necessary when
no one wins a majority in a primary race.
Absentee voting and early voting allow voters to
cast their ballots before election day.
The smallest geographic unit for the conduct of elections is called a
Punch-card ballots have been eliminated because
improperly punched cards produce "hanging chads" that are difficult for machines to read.
The __________ banned soft-money contributions to political parties, but had a loophole that allowed independent political groups to raise and spend money on behalf of candidates.
Bipartisan Campaign Reform Act (BCRA) of 2002
What is the process of narrowing the field of possible candidates for office called?
Soft money is money
given to a party organization for "party-building activities."
What is the main argument in support of closed primaries?
They prevent one party from "raiding" the other's primary.
__________ is NOT a method of casting one's ballot that is currently widely available in the United States.
The agency that administers all federal law dealing with campaign finance is the
Federal Election Commission (FEC).
A(n) __________ ballot is one on which candidates for an office are grouped together under the title of that office
Among those banned from making contributions to the campaigns of candidates running for federal office are
corporations and federal banks.
Hard money is money
raised and spent to elect candidates for Congress and the White House.
Which type of primary specifically covers local elections in which candidates do not identify their party on the ballot?
The __________ effect happens when a popular candidate high on the ballot increases voter turnout and helps candidates of the same party lower on the ballot.
Why do bedsheet ballots often result in "ballot fatigue"?
because they are so long that voters get tired before they reach the end of the ballot