16 terms

American Government: Roots and Reform - Chapter Eight

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Twenty-Second Amendment
Adopted in 1951, prevents a president from more than two terms, or more than ten years if he came to office via the death or impeachment of his predecessor.
impeachment
The power delegated to the House of Representatives in the constitution to charge the president, vice president, or other "civil officers" including federal judges, with "Treason, Bribery, or other high Crimes and Misdemeanors." This is the first step in the constitutional process of removing such government officials from office.
executive privilege
An implied presidential power that allows the president to refuse to disclose information regarding confidential conversations or national security to Congress or the judiciary.
U.S. v. Nixon (1974)
Key Supreme Court ruling on power of the president, finding that there is no absolute constitutional executive privilege to allow a president to refuse to comply with a court order to produce information needed in a criminal trial.
Twenty-Fifth Amendment
Adopted in 1967 to establish procedures for filling vacancies in the office of president and vice president as well as providing for procedures to deal with the disability of a president.
Cabinet
The formal body of presidential advisers who head the fifteen executive departments. Presidents often add other to this body of formal advisers.
executive agreement
Formal government agreement entered into by the president that does not require the advice and consent of the U.S. Senate.
veto power
The formal, constitutional authority of the president to reject bills passed by both houses of Congress, thus preventing them from becoming law without further congressional action.
line-item veto
The authority of a chief executive to delete part of a bill passed by the legislature that involves taxing or spending. Ruled unconstitutional by the U.S. Supreme Court.
War Powers Act
Passed by Congress in 1973; the president is limited in the deployment of troops overseas to a sixty-day period in peacetime (which can be extended for an extra thirty days to permit withdrawal) unless Congress explicitly gives its approval for a longer period.
pardon
An executive grant providing restoration of all rights and privileges of citizenship to a specific individual charged or convicted of a crime.
inherent powers
Powers that belong to the national government simply because it is a sovereign body.
New Deal
The name given to the program of "Relief, Recovery, Reform" begun by President Franklin D. Roosevelt in 1933 to bring the United States out of the Great Depression.
Executive Office of the President (EOP)
Created in 1939 to help the president oversee the executive branch bureaucracy.
Office of Management and Budget (OMB)
The office that prepares the president's annual budget proposal, reviews the budget and programs of the executive departments, supplies economic forecasts, and conducts detailed analyses of proposed bills and agency rules.
executive order
A rule or regulation issued by the president that has the effect of law. All (answer) must be published in the Federal Register.
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