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Vertebral Column 2nd Semester
Terms in this set (114)
How many bones are grouped in 5 regions?
consists of 26
How many cervical vertebrates are there?
What is the atlas, holds up the head?
What is the axis called?
What kind of amount of rotation occurs in the axis?
What is this type of rotation called?
What kind of vertebrae contains the transverse foramen which allows arteries to pass through called?
How many thoracic vertebrae are there?
What is the thoracic vertebrae?
it is a long, thin spinous processes
How many lumbar vertebrae are there?
What does lumbar vertebrae mean?
large, thick bodies, and heavy, rectangular transverse and spinous processes.
How many coccygeal bones are there?
How many sacral bones are there?
How many curvatures does the vertebra column have?
How does the cervical region curve?
How does the thoracic region curve?
How does the lumbar region curve?
How does the sacral and coccygeal areas curve?
What are the 5 functions of the vertebral column?
supports the weight of the head & trunk
protects the spinal cord
allows spinal nerves to exit the spinal cord
provides permits movement of the head and truck
What is a weight bearing portion?
What separates adjacent vertebrae?
What servers to cushion an absorb shock?
What has two short stalks projecting posteriorly?
What forms the sides of the foramen?
What has large openings which together form the vertebral foramen?
What two plates which arise form the pedicles?
What is the formed from the fusion of the laminae?
What is served as places for muscle attachment?
What is formed from the pedicles, laminae. spinous process
What is around the vertebral foramen?
What extends laterally?
What allows for muscle attachment?
What is the site where vertebrae articulate with each other's?
What is part covered in cartilage?
What is part of the articular process?
What is covered in cartilage?
What notches formed in the pedicles of adjacent vertebrae?
What function id to provide passageway for spinal nerves, to be attached to the spinal cord?
What triangular structure at the base of the column?
What is composed of five fused vertebrae?
What age is the fuse between?
18-30 years old
What is the first four have spiny processes which form the median sacral crest called?
Which process has never forms and is called the sacral hiatus in the sacrum?
The anterior edge of the body of the first sacral vertebra bulges of formed what?
the sacral promontory
What is the tailbone called?
What is formed form four more- or less fused vertebrae?
What are the components of the thoracic cage?
What are the functions of the thoracic cage?
support of shoulders and arms
protection of organs
How many pairs of ribs are there?
What kind of ribs the superior seven pairs of the ribs which attach directly to the sternum?
What kind of ribs is the inferior five pairs of ribs which do not directly attach to the sternum?
What has two pairs (11&12) which do not attach to the sternum at all?
What is composed of hyaline cartilage?
What is the main part of the sternum in?
What is articulates with the body and the clavicle?
What is formed by the manubrium and the body lying in different planes?
What is often used for a landmark to find ribs accurately?
What is the functions of pectoral girdle?
supports the arms
provides for muscle attachment
What has 2 bones left and right?
How many sections is divided by a spine which leads to two processes called scapula?
What are the two processes are for muscle attachment?
What is articulates with the humerus?
What has slender, rodlike, elongated S figure?
What is the clavicle made of?
elongate S figure
What is the articulates with?
scapula & sternum
What is the first bones to begin to ossify by the last to complete ossification?
The clavicle supports what?
The clavicle provides what?
for muscle attachment
The clavicle shapes make it what?
What is in the arm?
What is in the forearm?
What is the bones that are known as the carpals?
The wrist is composed of how many bones?
What are the eight bones of the wrist?
What has bones?
How many metacarpals?
How many digits which are composed of the phalanges?
How many bones all of but the l1st digit are there?
What are the 3 bones of your hand made of?
middle and distal phalanges (singular is phalanx)
What is the coxa?
What helps to form the girdle?
What is in the thigh?
What is in the leg?
What is known as the tarsals?
How many bones does the ankle have?
Name the seven bones in your ankle?
cuneiform (lateral, medial, intermediate)
What has 1-5 metatarsals?
What is your foot composed of?
digits composed of proximal, middle and distal phalanges except for the great toe which has only the proximal and distal.
The vertebral column has ______________ number of unfused vertebra?
The are ____________ number total bones in the vertebral column?
There are _#_________ cervical vertebrae in the vertebral column?
There are ___#______ thoracic vertebrae in the vertebral column?
There are __#_________ lumbar vertebrae in the vertebral column?
What are the vertebral column five functions?
supports the weight of the head and trunk
allows for movement of the head and trunk
allows nerves to exit the spinal cord
protects the spinal cord
provides a site for muscle attachement
C2 is also called __________?
What is the _____________ vertebrae have long, thin spinous processes?
What is the ____________ rotation that occurs at C2?
In the direction does the cervical region of the vertebral column curve?
What part of the articular process which is covered in cartilage?
What site where vertebrae articulate with each other?
What is weight bearing portion?
What is the tailbone?
What is separate adjacent vertebrae and absorb shock?
What is notches formed in the pedicles od adjacent vertebrae which all for a passageway for spinal nerves to be attached to the spinal cord?
What has two plates which arise from the pedicles?
What is formed from the first four spiny processes of the sacrum?
median sacral crest
What has two short stalks projecting posteriorly which form the sides of the foramen?
What has a space because the fifth vertebrae on the sacrum never forms?
What is a bulge formed at the anterior edge of the body of the first sacral vertebra?
What is triangular structure at the base of the column?
What is formed from the fusion of the laminae?
What extends laterally and allows for muscle attachment?
What formed from the pedicles, laminae and spinous process?
What is large openings which together form the vertebral canal?
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