First astronomer to place sun at center of universe. 1473-1543
Alexander the Great
King of Macedonia, 336 BC Conquered Persian Empire; founded Alexandria, Egypt;
Father of Modern Science Italian physicist, mathematician, astronomer, philosopher improved telescope
Defined gravity & laws of motion English
1497-1503 Sailed to West Indies & S. America
Explored Newfoundland, Nova Scotia, and Labrador 1497-1498
Vasco da Gama
Traveld around Africa's Cape of Good Hope to West Indies
Vasco de Balboa
Led expedition across Panama. Found Pacific Orcean
Juan Ponce de Leon
Explored Florida looking for Fountain of Youth.
Circumnavigated the globe.
Conquered Aztecs. 1519-1521
Conquered Peru 1523-1535
Traveled St. Lawrence River
Hernando de Soto
American SE Discovered Mississippi River
Francisco Vazques de Coronado
Sir Frances Drake
1577-1580 Englishman sailed around word Defeated Spanish Armada Claimed CA for England
Samuel de Champlain
Explored east coast & St. Lawrence River to Lake Huron Reached Lake Champlain
Explored Hudson Bay, Hudson River, Hudson Strait
Native American tribe that initially inhabited FL?
Who named Florida?
Juan Ponce de Leon 1513
Which countries established settlements in FL in 1500's & 1600's?
French, Spanish, & English
What was the capital of the British (East FL colony) and Spanish (West FL colony)?
When did FL become a state?
1845. 27th State
Six essential elements of Geography
1) World in Spatial terms (location) 2) Places & Regions 3) Physical Systems (processes that change and shape the Earth) 4) Human Systems (people) 5) Environment & Society (Interaction) 6) Uses of geography
Vertical imaginary line dividing earth in eastern & western halves
Three Branches of Government
Legislative, Judicial, Executive
Article I of US Constitution
Established Congress legislative branch
Article II of US Constitution
Establishes that Pres. and Vice Pres. lead country and military, appoints justices, and can veto rulings made by Congress.
Article III of US Constitution
Established that Supreme Courty can determine established laws to be unconstitutional
U.S. District Courts
Trial Courts in States. Hears all federal civil and criminal cases. 94 judicial districts in US.
U.S. Court of Appeals
One court for each of the 12 regional circuits. Hears appeals from courts within its district.
Highest court of appeals in US. Has 1 chief justice and 8 associates justices appointed by President. Judicial review.