Columbus landing in the New World
King & Queen of Spain funded his expeditions.
Discovered Bahamas, Hispaniola, Cuba, Dominica, Guadeloupe, Jamaica, Central America, & South America.
French & Indian War
Extension of European Seven Years War.
Ended French influence in N. America.
Weakened rapport with Native American.
American Revolutionary War
a.k.a American War of Independence
13 Colonies fought for self governance
Treaty of Paris
Sept. 3, 1783
Signed treaty ending Revolutionary war in which Britain recognized U.S. a free.
Declaration of Independence
Statement written by T. Jefferson and adopted by Second Continental Congress announcing that states regard themselves as independent.
Period characterized by transition from manual labor to the use of machines.
Conflict between the Union and the Confederacy.
Ended slavery, restored the union, and strengthened role of fed government.
Jan. 1, 1863
Abe Lincoln used his war power to issue executive order proclaiming freedom of slaves in 10 states in rebellion.
Adopted Dec. 6, 1865
Outlawed slavery & involuntary servitude except as punishment for a crime.
World War I
Initiated by Austria-Hungary & Serbia
Two millitary alliances fought:
Entente (Allied) Powers & Central Powers
World War II
Two opposing military forces: Allies & Axis Powers
Attack on Pearl Harbor pulled US into war.
Korea divided into communist North & American-occupied South
No resolution; Country remains divided
Peace Treaty at Panmunjom ended war.
Jim Crow laws
State & local laws mandating all public facilities in Southern states racially segregated.
U.S. involvement 1959-1975
Case-Church Amendment ended U.S. military involvement
S. Vietnam fell in 1975 and VN was unified
Father of Modern Science
Italian physicist, mathematician, astronomer, philosopher
Sir Frances Drake
Englishman sailed around word
Defeated Spanish Armada
Claimed CA for England
Six essential elements of Geography
1) World in Spatial terms (location)
2) Places & Regions
3) Physical Systems (processes that change and shape the Earth)
4) Human Systems (people)
5) Environment & Society (Interaction)
6) Uses of geography
Article II of US Constitution
Establishes that Pres. and Vice Pres. lead country and military, appoints justices, and can veto rulings made by Congress.
Article III of US Constitution
Established that Supreme Courty can determine established laws to be unconstitutional
U.S. District Courts
Trial Courts in States. Hears all federal civil and criminal cases. 94 judicial districts in US.
U.S. Court of Appeals
One court for each of the 12 regional circuits. Hears appeals from courts within its district.