53 terms

Social Science Competency

FTCE Subject Area Exam Social Science
Historic Causation
Historical events are related by cause & effect.
Columbus landing in the New World
King & Queen of Spain funded his expeditions.
Four voyages.
Discovered Bahamas, Hispaniola, Cuba, Dominica, Guadeloupe, Jamaica, Central America, & South America.
French & Indian War
Extension of European Seven Years War.
Ended French influence in N. America.
Weakened rapport with Native American.
American Revolutionary War
a.k.a American War of Independence
13 Colonies fought for self governance
13 Original Colonies
Treaty of Paris
Sept. 3, 1783
Signed treaty ending Revolutionary war in which Britain recognized U.S. a free.
Declaration of Independence
Statement written by T. Jefferson and adopted by Second Continental Congress announcing that states regard themselves as independent.
Industrial Revolution
Period characterized by transition from manual labor to the use of machines.
Civil War
Conflict between the Union and the Confederacy.
Ended slavery, restored the union, and strengthened role of fed government.
Emancipation Proclamation
Jan. 1, 1863
Abe Lincoln used his war power to issue executive order proclaiming freedom of slaves in 10 states in rebellion.
Thirteenth Amendment
Adopted Dec. 6, 1865
Outlawed slavery & involuntary servitude except as punishment for a crime.
Westward Expansion
Louisiana Purchase
Pres. Andrew Jackson - indians to reservations
Louisiana Purchase
1803, Purchase of Midwest for ($15 mil) from France
World War I
Initiated by Austria-Hungary & Serbia
Two millitary alliances fought:
Entente (Allied) Powers & Central Powers
World War II
Two opposing military forces: Allies & Axis Powers
Attack on Pearl Harbor pulled US into war.
Korean War
Korea divided into communist North & American-occupied South
No resolution; Country remains divided
Peace Treaty at Panmunjom ended war.
Civil Rights Act
Outlawed racial segregation
voided Jim Crow laws
Jim Crow laws
State & local laws mandating all public facilities in Southern states racially segregated.
Vietnam War
U.S. involvement 1959-1975
Case-Church Amendment ended U.S. military involvement
S. Vietnam fell in 1975 and VN was unified
Persian Gulf War
Iraq vs. coalition formce
Purpose - Liberate Kuwait& expel Iraqi forces.
Operation Desert Storm
Name for US land & air operations in Gulf War.
Nicolaus Copernicus
First astronomer to place sun at center of universe. 1473-1543
Alexander the Great
King of Macedonia, 336 BC
Conquered Persian Empire; founded Alexandria, Egypt;
Galileo Galilei
Father of Modern Science
Italian physicist, mathematician, astronomer, philosopher
improved telescope
Isaac Newton
Defined gravity & laws of motion
Amerigo Vespucci
Sailed to West Indies & S. America
John Cabot
Explored Newfoundland, Nova Scotia, and Labrador
Vasco da Gama
Traveld around Africa's Cape of Good Hope to West Indies
Vasco de Balboa
Led expedition across Panama.
Found Pacific Orcean
Juan Ponce de Leon
Explored Florida looking for Fountain of Youth.
Ferdinand Magellan
Circumnavigated the globe.
Hernando Cortez
Conquered Aztecs.
Francisco Pizarro
Conquered Peru
Jacques Cartier
Traveled St. Lawrence River
Hernando de Soto
American SE
Discovered Mississippi River
Francisco Vazques de Coronado
Explored SW
Sir Frances Drake
Englishman sailed around word
Defeated Spanish Armada
Claimed CA for England
Samuel de Champlain
Explored east coast & St. Lawrence River to Lake Huron
Reached Lake Champlain
Henry Hudson
Explored Hudson Bay, Hudson River, Hudson Strait
Native American tribe that initially inhabited FL?
Who named Florida?
Juan Ponce de Leon
Which countries established settlements in FL in 1500's & 1600's?
French, Spanish, & English
What was the capital of the British (East FL colony) and Spanish (West FL colony)?
St. Augustine
When did FL become a state?
27th State
Six essential elements of Geography
1) World in Spatial terms (location)
2) Places & Regions
3) Physical Systems (processes that change and shape the Earth)
4) Human Systems (people)
5) Environment & Society (Interaction)
6) Uses of geography
Prime Meridian
Vertical imaginary line dividing earth in eastern & western halves
Three Branches of Government
Legislative, Judicial, Executive
Article I of US Constitution
Established Congress
legislative branch
Article II of US Constitution
Establishes that Pres. and Vice Pres. lead country and military, appoints justices, and can veto rulings made by Congress.
Article III of US Constitution
Established that Supreme Courty can determine established laws to be unconstitutional
U.S. District Courts
Trial Courts in States. Hears all federal civil and criminal cases. 94 judicial districts in US.
U.S. Court of Appeals
One court for each of the 12 regional circuits. Hears appeals from courts within its district.
Supreme Court
Highest court of appeals in US. Has 1 chief justice and 8 associates justices appointed by President. Judicial review.