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What are the two primary roles of Police Roles?

Crime Fighting and Order Maintenance


A major view of the roleo f the police that emphasizes crime fighting or law enforcement

Order Maintenance

Major view of the role of the police that emphasizes keeping the peace and providing social services


the concept that the police role is very diverse and dynamic

Secondary Goals & Objectives (6)

preventing crime, arresting and prosecuting offenders, recovering stolen and missing property, assisting the sick and injured, enforcing noncriminal regulations, delivering services not available elsewhere in the community


a concept that suggests that the police are always present or always seem to be present

Police Operational Styles

styles adopted by police officers as a way of thinking about the role of the police and law in society

Four Basic Styles of Policing(Typologies)

crime fighters, social agents, law enforcers, & watchmen

Four Distinct Police Operational Styles

enforcers, idealists, realists, & optimists

Three Distinct Styles of Policing

watchmen style, legalistic style, and service style


freedom to act or decide a matter on one's own

Eight Reasons to Exercise Discretion

To arrest, stop/question/frisk, use physical force, use deadly force, write traffic summonses, use certain enforcement tactics (harassment, moving loiterers, warnings, etc.), to take a report on a crime, investigate a crime

Four Major Factors that Influence Discretion

characteristics of the crime, relationship between the alleged criminal and the victim, relationship between police and the criminal or victim, & department policies

Fleeing Felon Doctrine

Doctrine widely followed prior to the 1960s that allowed police officers to use deadly force to apprehend a fleeing felon

Tennessee v. Garner

U.S. Supreme Court case that ended the use of the fleeing felon rule

Defense of Life Standard

doctrine allowing police officers to use deadly force agasinst individuals using dealdly force against an officer or others

Less-than-Lethal Weapons

innovative alternatives to traditional firearms, such as batons, bodily force techniques, chemical irritant sprays, Tasers or stun guns

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