Chapter 5: The Police Role & Police Discretion

What are the two primary roles of Police Roles?
Crime Fighting and Order Maintenance
A major view of the roleo f the police that emphasizes crime fighting or law enforcement
Order Maintenance
Major view of the role of the police that emphasizes keeping the peace and providing social services
the concept that the police role is very diverse and dynamic
Secondary Goals & Objectives (6)
preventing crime, arresting and prosecuting offenders, recovering stolen and missing property, assisting the sick and injured, enforcing noncriminal regulations, delivering services not available elsewhere in the community
a concept that suggests that the police are always present or always seem to be present
Police Operational Styles
styles adopted by police officers as a way of thinking about the role of the police and law in society
Four Basic Styles of Policing(Typologies)
crime fighters, social agents, law enforcers, & watchmen
Four Distinct Police Operational Styles
enforcers, idealists, realists, & optimists
Three Distinct Styles of Policing
watchmen style, legalistic style, and service style
freedom to act or decide a matter on one's own
Eight Reasons to Exercise Discretion
To arrest, stop/question/frisk, use physical force, use deadly force, write traffic summonses, use certain enforcement tactics (harassment, moving loiterers, warnings, etc.), to take a report on a crime, investigate a crime
Four Major Factors that Influence Discretion
characteristics of the crime, relationship between the alleged criminal and the victim, relationship between police and the criminal or victim, & department policies
Fleeing Felon Doctrine
Doctrine widely followed prior to the 1960s that allowed police officers to use deadly force to apprehend a fleeing felon
Tennessee v. Garner
U.S. Supreme Court case that ended the use of the fleeing felon rule
Defense of Life Standard
doctrine allowing police officers to use deadly force agasinst individuals using dealdly force against an officer or others
Less-than-Lethal Weapons
innovative alternatives to traditional firearms, such as batons, bodily force techniques, chemical irritant sprays, Tasers or stun guns