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AP Lang Flashcards

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Ad Hominem
In an argument, an attack on the person, rather than the opponent's ideas, "against the man"
Allegory
A work that functions on a symbolic level
Allusion
A reference contained in a work
Antithesis
The presentation of two contrasting images, balanced ideas by words, phrases, clauses
Cacophony
Harsh and discordant sounds in a line or passage of a literary work
Deduction
The process of moving from a general rule to a specific example
Connotation
The interpretive level of a word based on its associated images rather than its literal meaning
Denotation
The literal or dictionary meaning of a word
Didactic
Writing whose purpose is to instruct or to teach. A didactic work is usually formal and focuses on moral or ethical concerns
Discourse
A discussion on a specific topic
Ellipsis
An indication by a series of periods that some material has been omitted by the text
Epigraph
The use of a quotation at the beginning of the work that hints at its theme
Euphemism
A more acceptable and usually more pleasant way of saying something that might be inappropriate or uncomfortable
Euphony
The pleasant, mellifluous presentation of sounds in a literary work
Exposition
Background information presented in a literary work
Induction
The process that moves from a given series of specifics to generalizations
Invective
A verbally abusive attack
Metonymy
A figure of speech in which a representative term is used for larger idea. (The pen is mightier than the sword)
Pedantic
A term that is used to describe writing that borders lecturing, scholarly and academic writing
Periodic Sentence
Presents its main clause at the end of the sentence for emphasis and sentence variety
Reduction ad Absurdum
Reduces argument to an either or choice
Satire
A mode of writing based on ridicule that criticizes the foibles and follies of society without offering a solution
Syllogism
The format of a formal argument that consists of a major premise, a minor premise and a conclusion
Synecdoche
A figure of speech that utilizes a part as representative as whole
Syntax
The grammatical structure of prose and poetry
Synthesis
Locating a number of a sources and integrating them into development and support of a writer's thesis/claim