99 terms

Stagecraft

Stagecraft class at Berkeley, taught by Chris Killion, Fall 2009; everything understood that stage that is being talked about is a proscenium stage which is Zellerbach Playhouse, Durham Auditorium is a Thrust Stage.
STUDY
PLAY
Downstage
the part of the stage closest to the audience
Upstage
the area onstage furthest away from the audience
Offstage
a stage area out of sight of the audience
Gridiron
Steel framework that runs above the stage that is used to support the rigging system
Cove
lighting position: anti-pro, or anti-proscenium
Front of House (FOH)
anything and everything in lobby, downstage from proscenium
Continental Seating
(Seating) entering & exiting at extreme ends; Zellerbach Playhouse is like this
Asbestos
Fire curtain used to be called this
PASS: Pull the pin, aim, squeeze, and sweep
To use a fire extinguish (acronym)
Vomitorium
A passage situated below or behind a tier of seats in an amphitheatre, through which crowds can "spew out" at the end of a performance.
Stand pipe
A hose connection for a fire hose
Board of Directors
Hire and fire Managing Director and Artistic Director, these are patrons w/ money & connections, in the upper echelons of authority and want to help theater but doesn't necessarily know how
Artistic Director
figures out place, theme of season and has final say
Proscenium Stage
A performance space in which the audience sits in front of the stage and views as if through a picture frame
Thrust Stage
a theater stage that extends out into the audience's part of a theater and has seats on three sides
Rake
Any incline of audience or stage.
Arena Stage
a performance space in which the audience sits all around the stage; sometimes called in-the-round
Black Box
Type of performance space that is small, created out of a room, painted all black; the scenery can be arranged in any way inside the box
Loft Block
mounted to the gridiron or support steel that supports and changes the direction of a lift line rope between the load and the head block
Plaster Line
Imaginary line from one side of the proscenium opening tot he other, divides apron from the stage floor.
Center Line
an imaginary line running from the front to the back of the stage through the exact center of the proscenium arch
Drop
a curtain that can be lowered and raised onto a stage from the flies
Rear Projection Screens (RP Screens)
Made of plastic or vinyl, can project lights and images from front or back of them.
Cyclorama
any arangment of cloth or other material that curves around the rear of the stage and partiall down the sides usually neutral in color it is often lighted to represent the sky or used as a projection surface
Borders
also known as teasers, hung over head of the stage main use is to mask any equpiment usually fixtures you dont want audience to see
Tormentors
also known as legs, flats or curtains at the extreme right and left of stage
Wings
The side areas of the stage, out of view of the audience; the area where the actors wait for their entrances
ERS (Ellipsoidal Reflector Spotlight)
A lighting instrument characterized by hard-edged light with little diffusion; designed for long throws, it is manufactured with fixed and variable focal length lenses; the light beam is shaped with internally mounted shutters.
Gobo
A metal cutout that is placed in front of the lens of a lighting instrument to create different shadowed images on stage
Gel
a thin translucent membrane used over stage lights for color effects
Hang, tighten, pull shutters, chain, plug, and aim
Six steps to hang a light (fresnel or ellipsoidals)
Apron
Front part or area of the stage extending past the main act curtain; also called lip
Trap room
underneath the stage where things are stored (like ERS' or Fresnels and seats)
Loading Dock
a platform where pig irons are loaded onto or off of arbors
Pit
Orchestra pit where the band plays
Crossover
Corridor or hallway to make quick passage way from one side to another, behind stage
Masking
scenery used to block the audience's view of parts of the stage that should not be seen
Smoke Pocket
a curtain that travels up and down inside a guide; fire curtain track
Fire Curtain
helps to protect the audience from fires that happen on stage, comes in fast and helps to conceal the fire in one place
Ground Plan
flat view, floor plan of the stage and set (used to scale), view of area if room came off
Section View
flat view of area if cut or sliced, like a dissection and see inner workings of multiple levels
Elevation
flat view of area from a direction (north, south, east, west and in between)
Fly System: purchase (hand) lines
A system of rigging and ropes that is used to raise and lower scenery within on stage, operated by hand or mechanically from backstage.
Catwalk
a narrow, elevated walkway above the stage or the house or stage where crew members might access lights or flown scenery
Circuit
Plug in wall
Dimmers
Levels of intensity
Channels
made up of dimmers, map of plot
Cues
made of channels, A visual or aural signal that indicates the beginning of an action, line of dialogue, or piece of music
Stage Directions
Directions from the actor's point of view
Perspective Scenery
Scenery that represents three-dimensional space on a flat surface
Director
someone who supervises the actors and directs the action in the production of a show
Producer
The person who finds the financial investors, hires the director and production staff, sets the budget, and pays the bills for a theatrical production
Platform
Painted set on the ground which the actors stand on
Flats
(Walls), Flat pieces of theatrical scenery which are painted and positioned on stage so as to give the appearance of buildings or other background
Drapery
Hanging cloth used as a blind, especially for a window
Set Pieces
Large portables pieces of the stage setting
Scrim
A curtain or drop made of gauze-like fabric; when lighted from the front, it is opaque, but is transparent if lighted from the back; a firm open-weave fabric used for a curtain in the theater
Fly Space
Area above the stage where scenery, drops, and lights are hung when not in use
Dramaturg
One who works in the theatre as a resource for the history of plays and dramatic literature. They research, study, write, and often teach this material to others
Production Manager
everything filters through from Artistic Team, knows budget of time, labor, and money; keeps everyone in communication, conductor/diplomat
Company Manager
concierge, takes care of everyone, handles contracts
Stage Manager
The person in charge backstage; he or she helps the director during rehearsals and then takes charge backstage when the play is performed, also has to deal with performer's behavior
Technical Director
everything hands on, the person who figures out how the set will be built and then oversees construction, works closest with Scenic Director
Scenic Director
Creates a visual home for the play on stage, setting (color)
Master Electrician/Electrician
best friends with Sound Tech in that both work hand in hand, makes everything work (elec), wires, hangs, plugs & focuses according to Lighting Designer
1.5 inch (ID) schedule 40, black pipe
What kind of pipe batten does Zellerbach use/order?
Director
Final artistic choices go to
Batten Clamp
Connection between pipe batten and lift lines, before trim chain.
Look, listen, and learn
First rules of safety in theater
Pipe weight
Stage weights that remain on arbor when there are no scenery or lights attached
Proscenium Stage
What type of stage is Zellerbach playhouse?
Head block
Main wheel at the top of the counterweight arbor system
short short, short, center, long, long long
Correct order of a 5 line system pipe
Fly loft
Space above the stage, Space above the stage where scenery may be lifted out of sight by means of ropes and pulleys
Fusible links
Metal connectors that holds the fire curtain in the air
Fresnel
Lighting instrument whose name refers to the etched or contoured glass lens
Overhung
Loft blocks in Zellerbach Playhouse are __________ for easier access and movement
Locking rail
The purchase (hand) line runs through the __________ so it can be secured in place.
Scenic Designer
Designer that usually determines the color of the show
Sprinkling system
Most effective device for controlling a fire in the theatre, or any building
Source 4 ERS
Most commonly used lighting instrument in the theatre that we focused
Channels
According to what do lighting designers arrange their light plots , allowing them to follow a "map" of the plot
SAFETY
First rule of any work done in theatre space or shop
FOH: Front of House
What is anything downstage from the plaster line in a proscenium house?
False. Scenic, Costume, Light & Sound
Four main designers: Scenic, Costume, Light, & Props. True?
Shoe Maker/Foot wear
Makes shoes
Milliner
One that makes, trims, designs hats; also sometimes handles accessories
Lighting Designer
in the theatre, the person who decides where the lighting instruments should go, how they should be colored, and which ones should be on at any particular time
Trump Ploy
Scenic term, deceiving the eye: from far away looks real but close it's just tricky talent
Platforms
set that's on the ground to stand on; painted
Grand Drape
Also called the main drape, the grand curtain, or the main rag; the one that has to open for the show to start
TPI
Teeth per inch (razors/blades), fewer for softer wood, more cuts through metal (unforgiving)
Color Elevations
Painted boards that the scenic designer uses to communicate with the scenic artist
Actual vs. Nominal
(sizes of wood) 2 x 4 (nominal) > first milled, then changes because of shaving ... actual is 1.5 x 3.5, for this class know 2x4, 1x3, 4x4... within that range
Rails & Styles
(Framing), Rails (shorter) always caps a style (long)
Gussets
reinforcers that joints in wood and metal, anything that connects (Keystone, corner block, anything that bridges two pieces together )
Two Fer
Two instruments, same circuit
Voltage
Pressure
Rocker
Grainer
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