199 terms

1st Quarter Vocab Review - Honors English 10

From sets A cumulative review definitions from kellikelly
STUDY
PLAY
droll
comical in an odd or whimsical manner
clamor
loud and persistent outcry from many people
genial
conducive to comfort
emphatic
forceful and definite in expression or action
apprehension
anxious foreboding
consternation
dismay, confusion
specter
a ghostly appearing figure
amble
a leisurely walk (usually in some public place)
assertion
the act of affirming or asserting or stating something
contentious
quarrelsome, inclined to argue
irate
feeling or showing extreme anger
salient
prominent; of notable significance
prodigious
so great in size or force or extent as to elicit awe
rhetorical
concerned with effect or style of writing and speaking
inveigle
to win over with trickery or flattery; to entice; to coax with deceitful talk; to dupe
ramshackle
in deplorable condition
inane
(adj.) silly, empty of meaning or value
protrude
to stick out, thrust forth
infirmity
Physical or mental weakness or defect
inference
the reasoning involved in drawing a conclusion or making a logical judgment on the basis of circumstantial evidence and prior conclusions rather than on the basis of direct observation
wanton
indulge in a carefree or voluptuous way of life
buffoon
a person who amuses others by ridiculous behavior
vernacular
the everyday speech of the people (as distinguished from literary language)
pestilence
any epidemic disease with a high death rate
cloister
seclude from the world in or as if in a cloister
heathen
a person who does not acknowledge your God
cherubim
a member of the second order of angels, often represented as a beautiful rosy-cheeked child with wings.
archetype
an original model on which something is patterned
mercenary
a person hired to fight for another country than their own
progeny
offspring
benign
pleasant and beneficial in nature or influence
dubious
open to doubt or suspicion
wizen
lean and wrinkled by shrinkage as from age or illness
virulent
extremely poisonous or injurious
abstruse
difficult to penetrate
ambulate
walk about
pragmatic
practical
asunder
into parts or pieces
obstinate
persist stubbornly
dextrous
Skillful
foreshadowing
the act of providing vague advance indications
theme
The main idea or meaning of a text. Often, this is an insight about human life revealed in a literary work
resolution
End of the story where loose ends are tied up
climax
the decisive moment in a novel or play
flashback
a transition (in literary or theatrical works or films) to an earlier event or scene that interrupts the normal chronological development of the story
antagonist
the character who works against the protagonist in the story
point of view
the perspective from which a story is told
exposition
introduces the characters, setting, and basic situation
protagonist
the principal character in a work of fiction
setting
arrangement of scenery and properties to represent the place where a play or movie is enacted
character
an imaginary person represented in a work of fiction (play or film or story)
mood
the overall emotion created by a work of literature
imagery
language that appeals to the senses
symbol
something visible that by association or convention represents something else that is invisible
satire
form of literature in which irony, sarcasm, and ridicule are employed to attack human vice and folly
irony
incongruity between what might be expected and what actually occurs
tone
The attitude of the author toward the audience and characters (e.g., serious or humorous).
conflict
opposition in a work of drama or fiction between characters or forces (especially an opposition that motivates the development of the plot)
denouement
the final resolution of the main complication of a literary or dramatic work
plot
the story that is told in a novel or play or movie etc.
chaste
morally pure
fervent
extremely hot
admonish
warn strongly
evoke
call to mind or evoke
rancor
bitter resentment or ill-will
codify
arrange (laws or rules) as a code; classify; N. code: system of words used instead of ordinary writing; collection of laws, rules, established social customs
contortion
the act of twisting or deforming the shape of something (e.g., yourself)
pyre
wood heaped for burning a dead body as a funeral rite
homage
action showing respect and honor
epitaph
an inscription on a tombstone or monument in memory of the person buried there
turbulence
a state of violent disturbance and disorder (as in politics or social conditions generally)
affirmation
the act of affirming or asserting or stating something
feudalism
a political and social system that developed during the Middle Ages; nobles offered protection and land in return for service
contempt
scorn, extreme dislike or disdain
aspiration
a strong desire for achievement
hierarchy
a group organized by rank
assimilation
the process of absorbing nutrients into the body after digestion
etymology
the study of word origins
desolation
sadness resulting from being forsaken or abandoned
allegory
The device of using character and/or story elements symbolically to represent an abstraction in addition to the literal meaning.
efficacious
marked by qualities giving the power to produce an intended effect
deign
condescend; stoop
solicitous
(adj.) showing concern or care; fearful or anxious about someone or something
parry
(v.) to ward off, fend off, deflect, evade, avoid; (n.) a defensive movement in fencing and other sports
prowess
superior skill or ability
awe
a profound emotion inspired by a deity
jeer
mock
impalpable
not perceptible to the touch
timid
shy
baffle
frustrate; perplex
eminent
rising above others; high; lofty; distinguished; Ex. eminent position
solicitous
daunted, (adj.) showing concern or care; fearful or anxious about someone or something
feint
(n.) a deliberately deceptive movement; a pretense; (v.) to make a deceptive movement; to make a pretense of
accrue
to grow or accumulate over time; to happen as a natural result
efficacious
producing or capable of producing an intended result or having a striking effect
perennial
lasting an indefinitely long time
gnarled
knotted, twisted, lumpy
requited
Returned
staunch
firm and dependable especially in loyalty
covet
to desire something belonging to another
encumber
to weigh down or burden
adversity
hardship
parry
(v.) to ward off, fend off, deflect, evade, avoid; (n.) a defensive movement in fencing and other sports
deign
condescend; stoop
ablution
A washing or cleansing, especially of the body
statute
an act passed by a legislative body
engender
cause; produce; give rise to
prowess
extraordinary ability; military bravery
superfluity
extreme excess
blatant
obvious
afflict
cause pain or suffering in
reparation
A making up or payment for a wrong or damage done, especially in the case of an international war
abyss
a bottomless gulf or pit
gesticulate
to make gestures, especially when speaking
derisve
ridicule
cloister
monastery or convent
mire
soil with mud, muck, or mire
discursive
(of e.g. speech and writing) tending to depart from the main point or cover a wide range of subjects
prerogative
a right reserved exclusively by a particular person or group (especially a hereditary or official right)
awe
a profound emotion inspired by a deity
belligerent
engaged in war
blatant
Very obvious in an offensive or shameless way
chastise
to punish
derisive
ridiculing, mocking
discursive
passing aimlessly from one place or subject to another
gesticulate
to make gestures
impalpable
not perceptible to the touch
inarticulate
incomprehensible; unable to speak with clarity
incantation
a ritual recitation of words or sounds believed to have a magical effect
incredulous
disbelieving, skeptical
incursion
sudden invasion
indignant
angered at something unjust or wrong
jeer
to mock
malevolent
wishing or appearing to wish evil to others
myriad
(adj.) in very great numbers; (n.) a very great number
ravenous
extremely hungry
sinewy
(of a person) possessing physical strength and weight
speculation
the act of thinking about or pondering something
timid
shy
avenge
inflict punishment in return for an inujury or an offense; retribution
afflict
cause pain or suffering in
implore
to beg
purge
make pure or free from sin or guilt
berate
to scold harshly
gorge
to eat or swallow greedily
indulge
give free rein to
baffle
frustrate; perplex
cower
To crouch or shrink away from in fear or shame
writhe
to make twisting or turning movements in a way that suggests pain or struggle
meager
scanty; inadequate
lair
the habitation of wild animals
reprisal
retaliation
mire
mud; wet, swampy ground; a tough situation; to get stuck
lofty
showing a too-proud or superior attitude
talon
a sharp hooked claw especially on a bird of prey
prerogative
a special right or privilege; a special quality showing excellence
vain
1. Having no real value; unsuccessful, useless, foolish, or silly.
2. Having or showing undue or excessive pride in one's appearance or achievements; conceited.
infamous
having an exceedingly bad reputation
putrid
rotten and foul smelling
loath
reluctant
solace
the comfort you feel when consoled in times of disappointment
cloister
seclude from the world in or as if in a cloister
accumulate
collect or gather
culminate
rise to, or form, a summit
vex
to annoy or bother; to perplex
exult
to rejoice
besiege
harass, as with questions or requests
emerge
come out into view, as from concealment
embellish
make more attractive by adding ornament, colour, etc.
melancholy
depression of spirits
invincible
incapable of being overcome or subdued
susceptible
(adj.) open to; easily influenced; lacking in resistance
somber
dark, gloomy; depressed or melancholy in spirit
taut
pulled or drawn tight
quaint
very strange or unusual
vernacular
the everyday speech of the people (as distinguished from literary language)
abyss
a bottomless gulf or pit
ethics
moral principles or values
reparation
something done or paid in expiation of a wrong
simile
a figure of speech that expresses a resemblance between things of different kinds (usually formed with 'like' or 'as')
consonance
the repetition of consonants (or consonant patterns) especially at the ends of words
metaphor
comparison not using like or as
ballad
a narrative poem of popular origin
elegy
a mournful poem
hyperbole
a figure of speech that uses exaggeration to express strong emotion, make a point, or evoke humor
limerick
a kind of humorous verse of five lines, in which the first, second, and fifth lines rhyme with each other, and the third and fourth lines, which are shorter, form a rhymed couplet
ode
a lyric poem usually marked by serious, respectful, and exalted feelings toward the subject
sonnet
a verse form consisting of 14 lines with a fixed rhyme scheme
assonance
the repetition of similar vowels in the stressed syllables of successive words
blank verse
poetry written in unrhymed iambic pentameter
paraphrase
to restate in other words
alliteration
repetition of initial consonant sounds
personification
A figure of speech in which an object or animal is given human feelings, thoughts, or attitudes
onomatopoeia
using words that imitate the sound they denote
epic
a long narrative poem telling of a hero's deeds
free verse
Poetry that does not have a regular meter or rhyme scheme
lyric poem
a poem that does not tell a story but expresses the personal feelings or thoughts of a speaker
dramatic poetry
poetry in which one or more characters speak
narrative poetry
poetry that tells a story