has a geostationary orbit- a circular geosynchronous orbit directly above the earths equator. Remain permanently fixed in exactly the same position in the sky.
observe clouds in earths orbit. Provides extremely valuable cloud photographs of areas where there are no ground-based observations.
Polar orbiting satellites:
closely parallel the earths meridian lines. Pass over the north and south polar regions on each revolution. Covers the entire earth
A rotating-beam ceilometer is useful for
estimating the altitude of the tops of vertical development clouds
Lenticular clouds typically form___a mountain range.
When temperatures are below freezing, the temperature to which air must be cooled in order for a phase change to occur is called the:
Dew, frozen dew, and frost form when the below-freezing layer of air is:
close to ground level
On humid days, salt in saltshakers sometimes becomes moist and no longer pours out easily. The salt can be described as:
Radiation fog typically forms on:
a clear winter night with a very slight breeze
In hilly areas, cold air typically collects:
When fog is "burning off," the cloud droplets are preventing solar radiation from reaching the ground.
Stratus and high fog are:
a uniform grayish cloud that often cover the entire sky. Resembles fog that does not reach the ground. Might be confused with nimbostratus.
Advection fog is often observed along the Pacific coast during summer, as westerly winds carry moist air toward the shore. The fog forms because the surface water near the coast is ____then surface water farther offshore.
Suppose two ocean currents with different temperatures are flowing next to one another. If the wind blows perpendicular to the currents, we would expect to find:
Upslope fog forms because air ___ as it flows up a hill or mountain range.