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33 terms

Met1010 Test 2 301-333

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Clouds and precipitation are frequently found on the downwind side of a large lake. This would indicate that the air on the downwind side is
converging and rising
During the summer along the coast, a sea breeze is usually strongest and best developed:
in the afternoon
Monsoon depressions are
low pressure areas that enhance rainfall during the summer monsoon.
The summer monsoon in eastern and southern Asia is characterized by:
wet weather and winds blowing from sea to land
An extremely strong downslope wind that occurs in parts of Antarctica would be considered a:
katabatic wind
The winter monsoon in eastern and southern Asia is characterized by
dry weather and winds blowing from land to sea
Low pressure becomes best developed over the Asian continent in
summer
While fly fishing in a mountain stream, you notice that the wind is blowing upstream. From this you could deduce that the wind is a:
valley breeze
Cumulus clouds that appear above isolated mountain peaks are often the result of:
valley breezes
A valley breeze would develop its maximum strength
in early afternoon
A strong, usually cold, downslope wind is called a
katabatic wind
A katabatic wind on the Oregon coast would most likely blow from the:
east to west downslope
A katabatic wind is a ___ wind
cold, downslope
A chinook wind in the Alps is called a:
foehn
The heat from a chinook wind is generated mainly by:
compressional heating
A chinook wall cloud is a:
bank of clouds forming over the mountains
On the eastern side of the Rocky Mountains, chinook winds are driest when:
clouds form and precipitation falls on the upwind side of the mountains
Chinook winds are
warm, dry winds that descend the eastern slope of the Rocky Mountain
The main reason Santa Ana winds are warm is because:
sinking air warms by compression.
Santa Ana winds warm by ___ as the flow down an elevated desert plateau.
compression
The Santa Ana wind is a ___ wind that blows into southern California.
warm, dry
Strong Santa Ana winds develop in Los Angeles during the fall when a ___pressure center forms to the
high; northeast of Los Angeles over the Great Basin
A warm, dry gusty wind that blows across North Africa is the:
leste
Which of the following conditions favor the development of dust devils
hot, dry days
Another name for a small, rotating whirlwind observed at the surface is:
dust devil
A dust or sandstorm that forms along the leading edge of a thunderstorm is a
haboob
A northeaster along the east coast of the United States is best developed when a low pressure area:
enhances the surrounding pressure gradient
A sea breeze is most likely to develop along a coastline when
large temperature differences exist between land and water
Which of the following is a serious hazard to aircraft
clear-air turbulence
Good hang-gliding conditions require:
strong winds
Strong winds blowing over vegetation results in:
brush fires
If the wind speed doubles, the force exerted by the wind increases by a factor of
4
The land/sea breeze, lake breeze, and mountain/valley breeze are examples of:
ocal winds