vertebral type containing foramina in the transverse processes, through which the vertebral arteries ascend to reach the brain
dens here provides a pivot for rotation of the first cervical vertebra (C1)
transverse processes faceted for articulation with ribs, spinous process pointing sharply downward
composite bone, articulates with the hip bone laterally
massive vertebrae, weight sustaining
tail bone, vestigial fused vertebrae
suppors the head, allows a rocking motion in the conjunction with the occipital condyles
cavity enclosing the spinal cord
weight bearing portion of the vertebra
spinous and transverse process
provide levers against which muscles pull
body and transverse process
two structures that provides an articulation point for the ribs
openings providing for exit of spinal nerves
body and vertebral arch
two structures that form an enclosure for the spinal cord
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