AP English Language& Composition Rhetorical Devices

The Small List
active voice
the voice use to indicate that the grammatical subject of the verb is performing the action or causing the happening denoted by the verb
ad hominem
directed to or appealing to feelings or prejudices instead of to intellect or reason
a saying or proverb containing a truth based on experience and often couched in metaphorical language
repetition of the same sound or letter at the beginning of consecutive words or syllables
a brief and informally introduced reference to some fairly well-known event, place, text, or person; allusions can be historical, literary, religious, or mythical. A work may simultaneously use multiple layers of allusion
repetition of something just said while adding more detail and information to the original description`
(form of repetition)- repeating the last word of a sentence or phrase near the beginning of the next sentence or phrase; used this way words end up near one another, so their repetition becomes very apparent
(similar to simile)- makes use of something already well known to explain something less will known by comparison
a way of ordering points to downplay the negatives so that readers feel less strongly about them