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Unit 9 Vocabulary - Hydrogeology
Terms in this set (27)
The continual movement of water among Earth's atmosphere, oceans, and land surface through evaporation, condensation, and precipitation.
Any form of water that falls from clouds and reaches Earth's surface
Water that fills the cracks and spaces in underground soil and rock layers
A stream or smaller river that feeds into a main river
The land area that supplies water to a river system
A lake that stores water for human use
A land area that is covered with a shallow layer of water during some or all of the year
Characteristic of a material that is full of tiny, connected air spaces that water can seep through
A characteristic of materials, such as clay and granite, through which water does not easily pass
A layer of permeable rock or soil in which the cracks and ores are totally filled with water
The top of the saturated zone, or depth to the groundwater under Earth's surface
A layer of rocks and soil above the water table in which the pores contain air as well as water
An underground layer of rock or sediment that holds water
A well in which water rises because of pressure within the aquifer
The process of supplying water to areas of land to make them suitable for growing crops
The addition of any substance that has a negative effect on water or the living things that depend on the water
A harmful substance in the air, water, or soil
A specific source of pollution that can be identified
A widely spread source of pollution that is difficult to link to a specific point of origin
All living things, whether in the air, in the oceans, or on and beneath the land surface.
the water on or surrounding the surface of the globe, including the water of the oceans and the water in the atmosphere.
the period of time spent in a particular place
the processes by which ground water is absorbed into the zone of saturation.
the branch of geology dealing with the waters below the earth's surface and with the geological aspects of surface waters
an extended mass of ice formed from snow falling and accumulating over the years and moving very slowly, either descending from high mountains, as in valley glaciers, or moving outward from centers of accumulation, as in continental glaciers.
the quality of not being harmful to the environment or depleting natural resources, and thereby supporting long-term ecological balance:
a measure of the condition of water relative to the requirements of one or more biotic species and or to any human need or purpose.
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