22 terms

Chapter 15 The New Deal

Terms, people, and ideas associated with the study of the New Deal.
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Franklin Roosevelt
32nd President of the United States (1933-1945); Democrat; elected four times; instituted New Deal to counter the great depression and led country during World War II (1882-1945)
New Deal
term used to describe president franklin roosevelt's relief, recovery, and reform programs designed to combat the Great Depression
Glass-Steagall Banking Act of 1933
established the Federal Deposit Insurance Corporation and included banking reforms, some designed to control speculation. Repealed in 1999, opening the door to scandals involving banks and stock investment companies
Federal Securities Act
a law, enacted in 1933, that required corporations to provide complete, accurate information on all stock offerings
Agricultural Adjustment Act
Recovery: (AAA); May 12, 1933; restricted crop production to reduce crop surplus; goal was to reduce surplus to raise value of crops; farmers paid subsidies by federal government; declared unconstitutional by the Supreme Court in US vs Butler on January 6, 1936
Civilian Conservation Corps
Relief: (CCC) March 31, 1933; reduced poverty/unemployment, helped young men and families; young men go to rural camps for 6 months to do construction work; $1/day; intended to help youth escape cities; concerned with soil erosion, state/national parks, telephone/power lines; 40 hr weeks
National Industrial Recovery Act
Act of 1933 passed on the last of the Hundred Days that created public-works jobs through the Federal Emergency Relief Administration and established a system of self-regulation for industry through the National Recovery Administration, which was ruled unconstitutional in 1935.
Huey Long
U.S. Senator from Louisiana; New Deal critic; preached his "Share Our Wealth" programs which was a 100% tax on all annual incomes over $1 million; Was assassinated before he could challenge FDR in the 1936 election.
Eleanor Roosevelt
wife of FDR who helped him monitor New Deal programs and became a strong voice for women and minorities
Public Works Administration
Created for both industrial recovery and for unemployment relief. Headed by the Secretary of Interior Harold L. Ickes, it aimed at long-range recovery and spent $4 billion on thousands of projects that included public buildings, highways, and parkways.
Works Progress Administration
(FDR)1935,The WPA - the Works Progress Administration - was a federal program meant to provide jobs to people who could not find work. Under the WPA, the government paid people to sew clothes, paint murals, can vegetables, cook school lunches, and build everything from hospitals and schools to sidewalks and swimming pools.
Wagner Act
Law passed in 1935 that aided unions by legalizing collective bargaining and closed shops, and by establishing the National Labor Relations Board
Social Security Act
guaranteed retirement payments for enrolled workers beginning at age 65; set up federal-state system of unemployment insurance and care for dependent mothers and children, the handicapped, and public health
Frances Perkins
U.S. Secretary of Labor from 1933 to 1945, and the first woman ever appointed to the cabinet; helped pull the labor movement into the New Deal coalition
New Deal Coalition
coalition forged by the Democrats who dominated American politics from the 1930's to the 1960's. its basic elements were the urban working class, ethnic groups, Catholics and Jews, the poor, Southerners, African Americans, and intellectuals.
Congress of Industrial Organizations
Orginally began as a group of unskilled workers who organized themselves into effective unions. came to be known for the revolutionary idea of the "sit down strike", their efforts lead to the passage of the Fair Labor Standard Act and the organization continued to thrive under the New Deal.
The Grapes of Wrath
The story follows the fortunes of a poor family as they travel from the Dust Bowl region to California. based on the great depression written by John Steinbeck
deficit spending
government practice of spending more than it takes in from taxes
National Labor Relations Board
Created by the National Labor Relations Act, also known as the Wagner Act it was created in the 1930's by congressman Wagner who was sympathetic to labor unions; an administrative board that gave laborers the rights of self-organization and collective bargaining.
Securities and Exchange Commission
The federal agency created during the New Deal that regulates the stock market
Federal Deposit Insurance Corporation
a federally sponsored corporation that insures accounts in national banks and other qualified institutions
Tennessee Valley Authority
A New Deal agency created to generate electric power and control floods in a seven-U.S.-state region around the Tennessee River Valley . It created many dams that provided electricity as well as jobs.
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