GOV 2302 Test 1

The most powerful leader in the House of Representatives is the ___
Speaker of the House
The leader of the majority party in the House is the ___
Speaker of the House
Congressional reliance on committees to ship and steer legislation facilitates a ___ democracy
The title given to the leader of the U.S. Senate is the ___
President of the Senate
Congress created the congressional budget office and government accounting office to ___
help Congress perform closer oversight of the bureacracy
Meetings in which legislation is debated and amended are called ___ sessions
A congressional committee that holds a hearing to determine whether the Department of Agriculture is administering the food stamp program as Congress intended is engaging in ___
legislative oversight
What is the length of service limit by a House of Representatives member who shares a committee?
3 consecutive 2-year terms (6 years)
You are introduced to a senator and are told he is committee chair. What is the one thing you can say about him with absolute certainty?
He is a member of the majority party in the Senate
The minority counterpart to a committee chair person is called ___
Ranking Minority Member
When members of Congress vote in party meetings to select committee chair persons, subject to leadership approval, the person selected is chosen primarily on the basis of ___
length of service on the committee and membership in the majority party
The drafting of most legislation is done ___
in standing committees
The content of a bill can be changed at ___
any stage in the legislative process
A major reason for the use of committees in Congress is that ___
they control the use of filibusters
What is a bill?
A proposed law
A ___ committee is a temporary committee established to deal with issues that either overlap or fall outside the areas of expertise of standing committes
select (ad hoc)
If the President neither signs nor vetoes a bill within 10 days while the Congress is in session, the bill ___
becomes law
A key House/Senate difference concerning bill procedures between the two bodies
House rules committee
The term agenda means
(answer choices A and C)
In Shaw v. Reno (1993), the Supreme Court ruled that the districts in the case in question were an example of ___
political apartheid
The essence of the Supreme Court decisions in Shaw v. Reno and Miller v. Johnson is that ___
states cannot use race as a predominant factor in drawing district lines
With the rulings in the 1980s, the Supreme Court encouraged the practice of ___
racial gerrymandering
The theory of descriptive representation would suggest that female legislators ___
have more interest in women's, children's, and family issues than the male legislators
An underlying assumption of the concept of descriptive representation seems to be that ___
minorities can be effectively represented only be people of their own kind
The advantage of incumbency may be less in the Senate than in the House because ___
Senate seats attract better known challengers than do House seats
House incumbents may be considered vulnerable if they ___
(answer choice: ALL OF THE ABOVE)
When making contributions to candidates for Congress, PACs tend to show preference for ___
In congressional settings, case work refers to ___
members helping constituents with problems
Name the first female Speaker of the House of Representatives
Nancy Pelosi
An incumbent advantage permitting members of Congress to keep in touch with constituents by sending mail at tax payer expense is known as ___
franking privilege
In an election immediately following the new US census, another advantage of incumbents is to ___
gerrymandering districts
Since 1950, ___% of all House seats have won reelection
The American public generally ___
holds individual members of Congress in higher regard than they hold the institution itself
Which of the following does not help explain the incumbency effect?
The high level of respect the US electorate has for Congress as an institution
US President George W. Bush and Prime Minister Bliar signed a treaty designed to protect each nation from further terrorist acts by sharing intelligence information. Before the treaty takes legal effect in the US it must ___
be approved by 2/3 of the Senate
A president can be impeached by the ___ and tried and removed from office by the ___
House; Senate
As a result of the last two censuses, many states in the Northeast and Midwest have lost seats in the House, but California has gained seats. This change happened through a process known as ___
The size of the House of Representatives ___
gives each state a percentage of seats based on the states regular borders
Until 1913, US Senators were elected by ___
state legislators
Every 2 years, how many of the 435 House seats are up for reelection at once?
All of them
In a closely contested vote on a bill, which state can always prevail in the vote because of their advantage?
The states with the largest population
The number of seats granted to each state in the House is ___
reapportioned every 10 years after the national census
Every 2 years, ___ of the Senate must stand for reelection
The key feature of the Great Compromise was its provision for ___
population based representation in the House and equal representation for the states in the Senate
Thomas Jefferson, in a very characteristic legislative negotiation, got James Madison to vote for a debt plan he did not want in exchange for ___
locating the US capitol in Washington DC