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The most powerful leader in the House of Representatives is the ___

Speaker of the House

The leader of the majority party in the House is the ___

Speaker of the House

Congressional reliance on committees to ship and steer legislation facilitates a ___ democracy


The title given to the leader of the U.S. Senate is the ___

President of the Senate

Congress created the congressional budget office and government accounting office to ___

help Congress perform closer oversight of the bureacracy

Meetings in which legislation is debated and amended are called ___ sessions


A congressional committee that holds a hearing to determine whether the Department of Agriculture is administering the food stamp program as Congress intended is engaging in ___

legislative oversight

What is the length of service limit by a House of Representatives member who shares a committee?

3 consecutive 2-year terms (6 years)

You are introduced to a senator and are told he is committee chair. What is the one thing you can say about him with absolute certainty?

He is a member of the majority party in the Senate

The minority counterpart to a committee chair person is called ___

Ranking Minority Member

When members of Congress vote in party meetings to select committee chair persons, subject to leadership approval, the person selected is chosen primarily on the basis of ___

length of service on the committee and membership in the majority party

The drafting of most legislation is done ___

in standing committees

The content of a bill can be changed at ___

any stage in the legislative process

A major reason for the use of committees in Congress is that ___

they control the use of filibusters

What is a bill?

A proposed law

A ___ committee is a temporary committee established to deal with issues that either overlap or fall outside the areas of expertise of standing committes

select (ad hoc)

If the President neither signs nor vetoes a bill within 10 days while the Congress is in session, the bill ___

becomes law

A key House/Senate difference concerning bill procedures between the two bodies

House rules committee

The term agenda means

(answer choices A and C)

In Shaw v. Reno (1993), the Supreme Court ruled that the districts in the case in question were an example of ___

political apartheid

The essence of the Supreme Court decisions in Shaw v. Reno and Miller v. Johnson is that ___

states cannot use race as a predominant factor in drawing district lines

With the rulings in the 1980s, the Supreme Court encouraged the practice of ___

racial gerrymandering

The theory of descriptive representation would suggest that female legislators ___

have more interest in women's, children's, and family issues than the male legislators

An underlying assumption of the concept of descriptive representation seems to be that ___

minorities can be effectively represented only be people of their own kind

The advantage of incumbency may be less in the Senate than in the House because ___

Senate seats attract better known challengers than do House seats

House incumbents may be considered vulnerable if they ___

(answer choice: ALL OF THE ABOVE)

When making contributions to candidates for Congress, PACs tend to show preference for ___


In congressional settings, case work refers to ___

members helping constituents with problems

Name the first female Speaker of the House of Representatives

Nancy Pelosi

An incumbent advantage permitting members of Congress to keep in touch with constituents by sending mail at tax payer expense is known as ___

franking privilege

In an election immediately following the new US census, another advantage of incumbents is to ___

gerrymandering districts

Since 1950, ___% of all House seats have won reelection


The American public generally ___

holds individual members of Congress in higher regard than they hold the institution itself

Which of the following does not help explain the incumbency effect?

The high level of respect the US electorate has for Congress as an institution

US President George W. Bush and Prime Minister Bliar signed a treaty designed to protect each nation from further terrorist acts by sharing intelligence information. Before the treaty takes legal effect in the US it must ___

be approved by 2/3 of the Senate

A president can be impeached by the ___ and tried and removed from office by the ___

House; Senate

As a result of the last two censuses, many states in the Northeast and Midwest have lost seats in the House, but California has gained seats. This change happened through a process known as ___


The size of the House of Representatives ___

gives each state a percentage of seats based on the states regular borders

Until 1913, US Senators were elected by ___

state legislators

Every 2 years, how many of the 435 House seats are up for reelection at once?

All of them

In a closely contested vote on a bill, which state can always prevail in the vote because of their advantage?

The states with the largest population

The number of seats granted to each state in the House is ___

reapportioned every 10 years after the national census

Every 2 years, ___ of the Senate must stand for reelection


The key feature of the Great Compromise was its provision for ___

population based representation in the House and equal representation for the states in the Senate

Thomas Jefferson, in a very characteristic legislative negotiation, got James Madison to vote for a debt plan he did not want in exchange for ___

locating the US capitol in Washington DC

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