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Ch. 1


Answerable for one's actions

Activities of Daily Living (ADLs)

Personal daily care tasks, including bathing, skin, nail, and hair care, walking, eating and drinking, mouth care, dressing, transferring, and toileting

Acute Care

24-hour skilled care for short-term illnesses or injuries; generally given in hospitals and ambulatory surgical centers

Adaptive Devices

Special equipment that helps a person who is ill or disabled perform ADLs

Adult Daycare

Care given to adults at a facility during daytime work hours

Assisted Living

A residence for people who require some help with daily care, but who need less care than a long-term care facility offers

Care Team

The group of people with different kinds of education and experience who provide resident care

Chain of Command

The order of authority within a facility

Charge Nurse (nurse-in-charge)

A nurse responsible for a team of healthcare workers


The term for an illness or condition that is long-term or long-lasting


In a long-term care facility, to find a problem through a survey


Guided by a sense of right and wrong;principled

Continuity of Care

Coordination of care for a resident over time, during which the care team is always exchanging information about the resident and working toward shared goals


Polite, kind, considerate


Transferring authority to a person for a specific task


The loss of mental abilities, such as thinking, remembering, reasoning, and communicating


The identification of disease by its signs and symptoms and from the results of different tests


Identifying with and understanding another's feelings

First Impression

A way of classifying or categorizing people at the first meeting

Functional Nursing

Method of care assigning specific tasks to each team member


Care that involves the whole person; this includes his or her physical, social, emotional, and spiritual needs

Home Health Care

Care that takes place in a person's home

Hospice Care

Care for people who have approximately six months or less to live; care is available until the person dies

Inter-Generational Care

Mixing children and the elderly in the same care setting

Joint Commission

A non-for-profit organization that evaluates the accredits different types of healthcare facilities

Length of Stay

The number of days a person stays in a healthcare facility


A legal term that means a person can be help responsible for harming someone else

Licensed Practical Nurse (LPN) or Licensed Vocational Nurse (LVN)

Licensed nurse who has completed one or two years of education; administers medications, gives treatments, and may supervise daily care of residents

Long-Term Care

24-hour care provided for people with ongoing conditions who are generally unable to manage their ADLs

Nursing Assistant (NA/CNA)

Person who performs assigned nursing tasks and gives personal care

Outpatient Care

Care usually given for less than 24 hours to people who have had treatments, procedures, or surgery

Pet Therapy

The practice of bringing pets into a facility or home to provide stimulation and companionship


A course of action to be followed

Primary Nursing

A method of care in which the registered nurse gives much of the daily care of the residents


A method, or way, or doing something


The act of behaving properly for a certain job

Registered Nurse (RN)

A licensed nurse who has completed two to four years of education; Assess residents, create the care plan, monitor progress, provide skilled nursing care, give treatments, and supervise the care given by nursing assistants and other members of the care team


A program of care given by a specialist or a team of specialists to restore or improve function after an illness or injury


A person living in a long-term care facility

Resident-Focused Care

Method of care in which the resident is the primary focus; residents and their families actively participate in care and their choices are honored by caregivers whenever possible

Sandwich Generation

People responsible for the care of both their children and aging relatives

Skilled Care

Medically-Necessary care given by a skilled nurse for therapist

Subacute care

Care for an illness or condition given to people who need less care than for an acute (sudden onset, short-term) illness or injury but more than for a chronic (long-term) illness

Team Leader

A nurse in charge of a group of residents for one shift of duty

Team Nursing

Method of care in which a nurse acts as a leader of a group of people giving care


Deserving the trust of others

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