English - Romanticism and Transcendentalism
Terms in this set (39)
What are the characteristics is Romanticism?
-imagination over reason
-trusting your Intuition
-an emphasis on the Gothic, the supernatural, the mystery
-the concept of death as eternal sleep
-relationship between man and nature
What are the characteristics of Transcendentalism?
-the power and importance of the individual
-the relationship between man and nature
-trusting your intuition
-moral enthusiasm (doing the right thing
-reforming society (believed you had to change yourself to change the world)
-active in underground railroad, were feminists
-Susan B. Anthony was one and was also the force behind the suffrage
-another name for Transcendentalism is the New England Renaissance
-the hub of all this activity was Connecticut, Massachusetts
How does Poe establish mood in The Fall of the House of Usher?
By constantly describing the setting and using lots of description and terror.
What is the dual meaning both supernatural and psychological?
For A Devil and Tom Walker, discuss the idea of selling one's soul to the devil.
People sell their souls to the devil because they are not satisfied with the wordly lives they have.
How does the story compare to Romanticism?
Both focus on nature, specifically forests. The relationship between man and nature.
What Greek words were combined to make the Title Thanatopsis? How do the meanings relate to the overall meaning of the poem?
Thantos means death, while opsis means seeing. The title represents the theme of the poem as a way of seeing death.
What kind of voices does nature hold?
Gladness in happier times
Sympathy in darker times
Stillness in death
How is one advises to approach death?
Live life with no regrets so that when your time comes you can accept it as if you are going to bed to have pleasant dreams.
Explain how Thanatopsis is an elegy.
The subject of death is sad and people view death as a lonely experience to be afraid of.
What characteristics of American Revolution are exemplified in this poem? How? Be specific.
Intuition over reason.(Romanticism) Intuitive emotion is used to alleviate the fear of death. Logically speaking we are alone, but emotionally we are connected to nature and others.
In From Nature, under what circumstances, according to Emerson, does mean egotism vanish?
When going out into nature and taking it all in.
How would you define Emerson's idea of mean egotism?
A sense of self arrogance
In nature, what emotion does Emerson believe replaces mean egotism?
A sense of tranquility, understanding, and delight
When does Emerson become a transparent eyeball?
When all the disgrace and calamity of human existence disappears. (When you she'd mean egotism and become one with nature.)
What are the characteristics of this experience?
-to be all seeing
-our existence does not matter in the moment
-intuition through perpetual youth, faith, and emotion overcome our being
-the thought of human existence brings us out of the fluid emotion and inner peace we are feeling
In what ways does this description reflect Transcendentalist belief in an over-soul?
To truly blend with yourself and nature is God like
Where does the power to produce nature's delight come from?
Man and nature together
In describing a harmony between human beings and nature, do you think Emerson means the relationship is always serene? Explain.
No, because nature can effect you by the weather or the calmness of a forest.
What is the difference between conformity and nonconformity?
Conformity- compliance with standards, rules, or laws
Nonconformity- failure or refusal to conform to a prevailing rule or practice
In Civil Disobedience, how does Thoreau define the best possible kind of government?
He agrees with what government governs least or not at all.
According to Thoreau, when will Americans get the best possible kind of government?
Americans will get the best government understands that the character of the American people has done all that has been accomplished. People could have done more, but the government gets in the way because of all it supposedly governs.
What is Thoreau asking his readers to do?
To resist policies that they disagree with.
Does Thoreau present a convincing argument for acting on one's principles?
Yes, because he explains how the government doesn't consult the people by only doing what they think is right for the country without the people's opinions. The government is for the majority while the minority do not have a voice and therefore people should act on one's own principles. However, by acting on one's principles that ensues chaos.
What arguments might you use to counter Thoreau's objections to the idea of a standing government?
No education, no military, and no way of keeping a free country.
What examples might support an argument that government benefits individuals?
The providing of education, a military, and a free country.
Do you find it surprising that the goals of Thoreau tried to achieve have influenced generations of people around the world? Explain.
No, because the questions he asks are what still stand today that are universal.
In the Minister's Black Veil, what is the symbolism of the mask?
The minister is covering up his sins but physically and symbolically.
Discuss the idea of good and evil.
He was doing nothing wrong by putting on the veil simce it was symbolically already there but by changing his physical appearance the people then see him as evil and begin to question him.
In We Wear The Mask, what does it mean to wear a mask?
To conceal someone's feelings and intentions from others.
What is the metaphorical mask the speaker is wearing?
The speakers race is his mask because it is one that is so different and uncared for.
Why does he wear the mask?
To hide the pain, hurt, and anger of being an African American during this time.
What words support you answer to the one above?
"With torn and bleeding hearts we smile."
What is the tone of this poem?
What words or phrases support this tone?
"Why should the world be over wise, in counting all our tears and sighs?"
"To thee tortured souls arise."
"With torn and bleeding hearts we smile."
How does this poem relate to ideas in The Minister's Black Veil?
The Mask hides the hidden pain of the one suffering on the inside. These men are always expected to be normal, with the usual attitude and usual ways of a man, but then once putting on the mask people notice when it was symbolically there all along. The Mask makes people question you and makes people want to find out what is wrong.
In The Tide Rises, and The Tide Falls, what is he saying about human life versus nature?
Nature is everlasting and erases the footprints of humans. Human life is temporary while nature will be there long before and long after the death of man.
How does the refrain establish mood?
There is a pattern of everlasting nature making it permanent.
How doea this poem exemplify Transcendentalism?
Man's respect for nature and the power of the sea.