Esthetics: Milady Chapter 1
Terms in this set (109)
In ancient times, what were pigments made from?
Pigments where made from kohl, berries, tree bark, minerals, insects, nuts, herbs, leafs, and other materials.
In early times, how was grooming and skin care practiced?
Grooming and skin care where practice more for self preservation than for attractiveness.
Who was the first to cultivate beauty in an extravagant?
What was an adornment in ancient Egypt for body art and on fingernails?
Henna. (a dye)
What is Henna made from?
Henna is a dye obtained from the powder leafs and shoots of the mignonette tree used as a reddish hair dye and tattooing.
Why did Hebrews adopt many techniques from other cultures?
It was due to their nomadic history.
What was the use for Cosmetics for the Hebrews?
Cosmetics where primarily used for cleansing and maintenance of skin, hair, teeth, and over all bodily health.
What did the ancient Hebrews used to keep their skin healthy and moist?
Olive and grape seed oils.
What was used by the Hebrews as an antiseptic and was helpful in expelling intestinal worms?
Pomegranate (one of the best natural exfoliants)
The word Cosmetics comes from what Greek word? What does it mean?
The word cosmetics comes from the Greek word 'kosmetikos' meaning "skilled in the use of cosmetics".
How was beauty determined in ancient Greece?
It was determined by how one looked when naked.
Who defined the balance between mind and body in ancient Greece?
It was the naked Greican athlete.
How did the Greeks view the body?
As a temple.
Why did the ancient Greeks use Honey and Olive oil?
What where they always in search of ways to improve?
They used both honey and olive oil for elemental protection. They were in search of ways to improve their health and appearance.
What are the ancient Romans famous for?
Their baths, which were magnificent public buildings with separate sections for men and women.
In ancient Rome, What body therapies were provided by bath houses for patrons?
Steam therapy, Body scrubs, Massages, and other physical therapies.
What was another part of ancient Romes bathing and grooming rituals?
Fragrances, which were made from flowers, saffron, almonds and other ingredients.
What did ancient Chinese aristocrats rub on their nails to turn them crimson or ebony?
They rubbed a tinted mixture of gum arabic, gelatin, beeswax, and egg whites.
What did the ancient Japanese geisha exemplify?
The ideal of beauty.
How did Geisha's remove their body hair?
What is Threading?
A technique that wraps a thread around each hair and pulls it out.
In the tenth to the nineteenth century, how was blackened teeth viewed in the ancient Asian culture?
It was viewed as beautiful and appealing.
What ingredients were made to blacken out the teeth in ancient Asian times?
It was a paste made from sake, tea, and iron scraps.
Who commonly wore blackened teeth in the ancient Asian culture?
Married women and courtesans.
What did Africans create from the materials found in their natural environment?
Remedies and Grooming Aids.
What do Northern Africans still use to this day for toothpicks?
They use twigs from the mignonette tree.
What benefits to the mignonette twigs have?
Antiseptic quality and helps to prevent oral and tooth disease.
In the Middle Ages, AD 476 to 1450, what played a prominent role in peoples lives?
In the Middle Ages, what was largely in the hands of the church?
Healing, PARTICULARLY with herbs.
In the Middle Ages, women did not wear makeup on their eyes, but were did they commonly wear their makeup?
They wore colored makeup on their cheeks and lips.
In the Middle Ages, how was bathing looked upon?
Bathing was not a daily ritual, but those who could afford them used fragrance oils.
In the Renaissance period, what was thought to give women a look of greater intelligence?
A bare brow; The shaving or tweezing of the hairline to show a greater expanse of the forehead.
In the Renaissance times, what makeup was discouraged?
Fragrance and cosmetics were used, but highly colored preparations for lips, cheeks, and eyes were discouraged.
How was the hair dressed in the Renaissance times?
The hair was carefully dressed and adorned with ornaments or hairdresses.
How was bleach hair viewed in the Renaissance period?
It was a sign of beauty and was used by many women to make their hair blond.
When did the Age of Extravagance begin?
When Marie Antoinette was queen of France in 1755 to 1793.
What did women of status do in the Age of Extravagance?
They bathed in strawberries and milk and used various cosmetic preparations, such as scented face powder made from pulverized starch.
What shade of color were the lips and cheeks often brightly colored with in the Age of Extravagance?
Pink and orange shades.
What was use to decorate the face and conceal blemishes in the Age of Extravagance?
Small Silk Patches.
How was one's hair in the Age of Extravagance?
The hairstyles extended high into the air, using elaborate wire cages with springs to adjust the height.
What did hairstyles might have contained in the Age of Extravagance?
Gardens and menageries with live animals, which could attract lice and other parasites.
What was greatly valued in the Victorian Age?
What was discouraged, other than in theater, in the Victorian Age?
Showy clothing and makeup.
How were women's hairstyles in the Victorian Age?
Hairstyles were sleek and demure, often knotted in the back with hairpins.
How were men's hairstyles in the Victorian Age?
The hair was short and they grew sideburns, a mustache and/or a beard.
How did women preserve their beauty and skin health in the Victorian Age?
They used beauty masks made from honey, eggs, milk, oatmeal, fruits, vegetables, and other natural ingredients.
What was a common beauty trend for women in the Victorian Age?
Pinching of the cheeks and biting of the lips to enhance their natural pink tone.
What important cosmetic products and procedures were introduced in the late twentieth century?
Tretinoin (Retin-A), Botox, AHA (Alpha Hydroxy Acid), and a myriad of sought-after cosmetic surgery procedures.
What was brought out by the twenty first century?
A more relaxed approach to clothing, hair, and makeup.
How did Advancements spike dramatically in esthetics?
With the use and layering of technologies.
What's the definition of Nanotechnology?
The art of manipulating materials on an atomic or molecular scale.
What builds preparations according to the requests of the physician for a given patient or client?
What is 'Esthetics' also know as?
Aesthetics. (aesthetician, aesthetic, etc..)
What does the Greek word 'aesthetikos', from the English word 'aesthetics', mean?
'Perceptible to the senses'.
What is the branch of Esthetics?
Esthetics is the Branch of Anatomical Science that deals with the overall health and well-being of the skin.
What is the largest organ of the human body?
Define Esthetician (Aesthetician).
A specialist in the cleansing, beautification, and preservation of the health of skin on the entire body, including the face and neck.
What can an esthetician not do if they are not a licensed dermatologist, physician, or physician's assistant?
Cannot prescribe medication, make a diagnosis, or give medical treatments.
What do salons or day spa estheticians perform?
Facials, facial massage, waxing, and body treatments, applied both manually and with the aid of machines. They also offer makeup and are skilled at selling products.
What do Medical Aestheticians do?
This career involves the assistance of surgical procedures and aesthetic treatments.
What services do Medical Aestheticians give?
Services range from pre- and postoperative patients to managing a skin care department in a medical spa; patient education, marketing, buying and selling products, camouflage makeup, and----with a physician's supervision-----perform advanced treatments including laser and light therapies.
Which career option for an esthetician is in high demand and requires adaptability?
What is the number one priority in a medical organization?
Would do you contact for rules and regulations for estheticians working in a medical setting?
What must you develop as a Makeup Artist?
A keen eye for color and color coordination in order to select the most flattering cosmetics for each client.
What can you offer as part of your services as a makeup artist (licensed esthetician)?
Facials or Facial Massage.
Makeup Artist's in salons, spas, and department stores work for what types of payment options?
Hourly wage, Commission, salary, and various combinations of the three.
Name some fields a makeup artist work in.
Photographers Assistant, Television, Theater, Movies, Fashion Shows, Camouflage Therapy and Mortuary Science, Commercial Photographers (Magazines, advertising..).
Which fields of work in Makeup Artistry is highly competitive and GENERALLY requires a lengthy apprenticeship and acceptance into a union?
TV, Theater, Movies and Fashion Shows.
What is a (MUA) Photographers Assistant's job?
To help with set designs or assisting with bridal photographs.
Why use camouflage therapy?
Clients require this service for varying reasons: as a temporary measure while recovering from surgery, such as a face lift; to disguise a congenital defect; or to hide scars and other effects of an accident.
What training do you need in order to do mortuary science?
The study of restorative art, which is the preparation of the deceased.
What is advisable to have as a working esthetician in today's competitive esthetic environment?
Professional experience working in a spa, salon or clinic.
What are Manufacturer's representatives responsible for?
Training estheticians and other staff members on product knowledge.
What must you have for the Manufacturer's Representative position?
You must have a professional appearance, and outgoing personality, and sales ability.
How much will you travel as a Manufacturer's representative?
You will travel FREQUENTLY.
Where can an esthetician be employed as a salesperson or sales manager?
Salons, spas, department stores, boutiques, and specialty businesses.
What would your duties be as a salesperson or sales manager?
Keeping records of sales and stock on hand, demonstrating products, selling to clients, and cashiering.
What positions could become open to you as a salesperson or sales manager?
Top management positions and ownership.
Do Cosmetic Buyers travel?
Yes, they travel FREQUENTLY.
What are your duties as a Cosmetics Buyer?
You must estimate the amount of stock your operation will need over a particular period, and you must keep records of purchases and sales.
What do Esthetics Writers or Beauty Editors have training in?
What do Beauty Editors do?
Journalists in this field write feature articles, daily or weekly columns, and "question and answer" columns. Some also review new products, medical breakthroughs, and salon techniques.
What do Esthetics Writers do?
Writers produce educational books and brochures for the esthetics and cosmetology market, do fashion coordination and commentary, and make media appearances.
Who in the travel industry hires estheticians to work and manage esthetic departments?
Cruise ships, airlines and airport organizations.
What must you do to teach esthetics in a public, vocational, industrial, or technical high school?
Meet the same requirements as other teachers of career preparation courses.
What will you need if you are interested in heading a departments of esthetics or cosmetology in a public or private school?
Supervisory skill as well as the necessary certification.
What is the director of the schools or a department within a schools duties?
Preparing the curriculum and ensuring that the school's layout and equipment meet state standards.
What does the director of the school do?
Works closely with teachers, counsels students about licensing and placement, and maintains relationships with trade organizations and industry experts.
How do you become a successful teacher, supervisor, director or school owner?
It requires a good sense of commercial operations, a thorough knowledge of the business, and the ability to direct people and get along with them.
Where else may Education Directors work?
Workshop or seminar leaders, lectures, and/or writers.
For whom are the possibilities endless for building a skin care business?
The ambitious entrepreneurial esthetician or skin specialist.
What quality should you have as a Skin Care Company Owner?
A strong business acumen.
What are your duties as a Skin Care Company Owner?
Developing skin care products and technologies, teaching and training, research and development, sales and marketing, human resources and team building, accounting and processing, and traveling the world while building your business.
What is a good career choice for an esthetician interested in cosmetic chemistry and ingredients?
Working in Product Development for a skin care company.
What does a Product Developer do?
They create new products and develop new technology.
What is a Mobile Esthetician?
An Esthetician that is willing to make house and office calls to their clients.
Can you work as an Mobile Esthetician anywhere with no restrictions?
No, some states will have restrictions for this career opportunity and you need to make sure to check with your state regulatory agency first if you are interest in pursuing this career.
What two of the things can you become as a licensed, experienced cosmetologist or esthetician and work for the state?
A State Licensing Inspector or Examiner.
What are inspectors duties?
They conduct regular salon and spa inspections to ensure that managers and employees are following state rules and regulations and meeting ethical standards.
What are State Examiners duties?
They prepare and conduct examinations, enforce rules, and regulations, investigate complaints, and conduct hearings.
What must members of state licensing organizations be highly qualified and experienced in?
What does a State Board Member do?
They conduct examinations, grant licenses, and inspect schools to see that certain physical standards, such as those for space and equipment, are maintained. In addition, they make sure that educational materials meet certain specifications.
What is LGFB? What does LGFB do?
It stands for Look Good...Feel Better and it is a free public service program that teaches beauty techniques to women with cancer, helping them boost their self-image and camouflage their hair loss.
Why is the outlook for estheticians a good one?
Experts say that biotechnology will continue to create compounds, ingredients, and products that promote dramatically younger-looking skin. Device manufactures will continue to innovate and improve on existing technologies and create new ones.
What are the baby boomers of 1946 to 1964?
The largest generation in US history; They are the largest single market for skin care products and services.
What takes the lead role when defining anti-aging methodologies?
What will serve as the number one priority in the future for skin?
What does the US Department of Labor Predict?
A rapid growth of full-service spas and a growing demand for practitioners licensed to provide a broad range of services.