Class7 Vocab (Author's Purpose Part2)

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account for
provide a satisfactory reason for
ascertain
to find out or determine something with certainty
admonish
1. to rebuke or scold, usu. firmly but gently

2. to urge, advise, or caution
chide
to scold or rebuke
rebuke
to sharply or sternly show disapproval
reproach
to place blame on or express disappointment in someone
advocate
to argue on behalf of someone or in support of something
endorse
publicly support; recommend
espouse
to support a cause or belief
propound
to set forth an idea for consideration
allege
to make a claim or assertion, often without proof
assert
to confidently and forcefully state a fact or belief
contend
to take a particular position in an argument
applaud
to show strong approval
celebrate
to honor or praise publicly
commend
to praise or recommend something or someone, esp. in a formal way
appraise
to evaluate the worth, importance, or value of something
articulate
to present or express an idea or feeling clearly
convey
to communicate or make something known
bear out
to confirm or support
corroborate
to confirm or support an explanation, statement, theory, etc.
substantiate
to support a claim with proof or evidence
validate
to check the validity of something
belittle
to treat something or someone as unimportant or trivial
berate
to scold angrily
demean
to suffer a loss of dignity, honor, or good reputation
deprecate
to express disapproval of someone or something
deride
to speak about someone or something with contempt or disrespect
disparage
to speak about someone or something with disrespect; to treat someone or something as worthless
scorn
to reject in a contemptuous way
trivialize
make something seem less important or significant than it really is
bemoan
to express disapproval of or sorrow over something
lament
to express sorrow, regret, or grief, esp. loudly or passionately
bolster
to support or hold up
catalogue
to make an ordered list of similar items
chronicle
to record real events in a detailed way
cite
1. to mention as an example

2. quote another work (partially or in full) as evidence to support an argument
compensate
to balance, neutralize, or correct, esp. something unpleasant or undesirable
concede
to acknowledge something as correct after resisting or denying it
conjecture
to guess or form an opinion without having enough evidence to be sure of being correct
hypothesize
put forward a theory
speculate
to think about or come up with conclusions about something without knowing many facts
contest
to struggle, fight, or argue against
contradict
to deny that something is true or correct by taking the opposite stance
debunk
to expose as being false or exaggerated
invalidate
to make or show an argument, theory, statement, etc. to be weak or false
rebuff
to rudely or abruptly refuse or reject someone or something
rebut
to claim or prove that something is false, usu. by offering an opposing viewpoint or argument
refute
to prove that someone or something is false
delineate
to describe in precise words
demarcate
1. to separate or distinguish from

2. to set boundaries or limits
demystify
to make a difficult topic easier to understand
elucidate
to explain or provide clarification about something
explicate
to give a detailed analysis or explanation of something
illuminate
to help to clarify or explain something
differentiate
1. to recognize differences between similar items or people

2. make something appear different or distinct
downplay
make something appear less important than it is
elaborate
to develop an idea in more detail
expound
to talk about something or explain something in great detail
enumerate
to mention things or points separately, as if counting or listing
evoke
1. to cause someone to recall memories, feelings, etc.

2. to provoke or cause a reaction
exemplify
1. to give an example of
exonerate
to clear or free of blame, often publicly
feign
to pretend to be affected by something for deceptive purposes
foreshadow
to give a clue or suggestion of a future event
foster
to care for or encourage the development of someone or something
promote
to support or actively encourage
furnish
to give something to someone; provide
juxtapose
to place two items or ideas together for contrasting effect
lampoon
to criticize by publically mocking or ridiculing, usu. sharp and vicious in nature
parody
to make a comically exaggerated imitation
satirize
to mock and criticize by using satire
spoof
to imitate while exaggerating certain characteristics for comic effect
perpetuate
to allow to continue indefinitely (e.g. a false belief or undesirable situation)
purport
to appear to be or claim to be something, esp. falsely
profess
to claim openly (but often falsely) about a feeling or quality
reconcile
to make compatible or bring into agreement
recount
to give an account of an event or experience
rouse
to cause or give rise to an emotion or action
stimulate
to encourage interest or activity
scrutinize
to closely and thoroughly investigate or examine something
survey
to examine carefully and thoroughly
probe
to seek to uncover information about someone or something
trace
to give an outline of
undermine
to gradually damage or weaken something or someone
underscore
to emphasize the importance of something
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