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Pharmacy Tech Exam
Terms in this set (104)
This number indicates the particular batch produced by the manufacturer
National drug code number
This 11 digit number is assigned by the manufacturer and placed on all prescription stock packages
The first _____ digits of the NDC number identify the manufacturer.
Four, strength, dosage form
The middle _____ digit identify medication name, ______, and _______,
The last _____ digits identify the package size.
If the stock bottle only shows 10 digits, you need to add the leading _____ to the appropriate section.
Offer to counsel
Policy to always ask customers if they would like to speak to a pharmacist about their prescriptions.
Documents and track issues and interactions with the customer
Gaps in care
Patient Care Note
-When the system identifies a potential gap in a patient's therapy based on their prescriptions filled
Patient Care Note
-When an original prescription is filed and is identified as an opportunity for the pharmacist to discuss the importance of taking the medication
First full counseling
Patient Care Note
A customized label receipt message when the patient's health plan includes support to help manage chronic conditions, like diabetes
Disease state management
When a patient is not available at drop off to issues an identified opportunity for consolidation
-Scientific identification, based on the chemical, plant or animal origin
-Official name of the drug: this is simpler and more informative than the chemical name, not copyright protected and is meant to avoid confusion
Given by the manufacturer for marketing purposes, usually protected by copyright
-must be dissolved under the tongue
-medications held under the tongue until completely dissolved
-this method is used for rapid action
-are often used for topical applications
- they are soft and pliable
Semisolid that is usually white, non-greasy and water based. Applied externally or by applicator intravaginally.
Semisolid, jelly-like substance for topical medication. Some gels have a high alcohol content that can sting if applied to broken skin.
Semisolid, greasy medication for external application, using by rubbing. Some medications in ointment form are anti-inflammatory drugs, topical anesthetic and antibiotics
Semisolid, bullet-shaped dosage form to be inserted into a body orifice. Melt or dissolve when inserted.
-drops and ointments instilled into the eye
-generally are absorbed slowly and have a local effect
-must be sterile, to prevent infections and isotonic to prevent burning
-sterile medicated solution dropped into the ear
-very low dosages are needed, and it must be indicated for ____ use
In children under 3, the earlobe is gently pulled down and back; in adults it is pulled up and out
-patient should like on his/her side for 5 minutes, after administration to coat inner ear canal
This route is contraindicated in a patient with perforated eardrum
Pediatric populations often get adult sicknesses, however they may not be able to take the same medication
Pediatric populations may not be able to take the same medications as an adult can largely due to their smaller size, which cans also mean decrease kidney and liver function.
Giving adult size doses of medications to pediatric patients can quickly result in toxic levels
A child is usually unable to swallow tablets
Most pediatric medications are available as flavored liquids it chewable tablets
Elderly require special dosing because older people are often on many different medications.
Certain drugs that cause confusion or blurred vision should be avoided because they can result in falls and fractures.
Elderly have less water in their bodies, and decreased muscle mass.
Elderly have slower movement through the stomach and intestines.
Many elders have reduced liver or kidney function are are less able to metabolize drugs.
The preparation, mixing, assembling, packaging and labeling of a drug product based on prescription order from a licensed practitioners for an individual patient.
Class A prescription balance
Two pan balance used for weighing small amounts of drugs with s sensitivity of 6mg.
Double-pan balance capable of weighing larger quantities
Used for corrosion resistant materials
Used to transfer solid ingredients such as ointments to weighing pans, and to mix compounds on an ointment slab
Plate made of ground glass, with a hard, flat and nonabsorbent surface for mixing compounds
Mortar and Pestle
A ____ is a cup shaped vessel where materials are grounded or crushed by a ____ in a drug preparation
A liquid dosage form in which active ingredients are dissolved in a liquid vehicle (a solvent).
A liquid dosage form that contains solid drug particles floating in a liquid medium.
Ointments, cream pastes and gels are semisolid dosages forms for topical application.
Oil in water, water in oil
Creams are generally __________ or _________ emulsions.
Paste have a high content of ________.
Gels are suspensions of either inorganic or organic particles interpenetrated by a _______.
The abnormal increase in arterial pressure (above 140/90)
When he cause is unknown
Due to kidney disease, overactive adrenal glands or other disorders.
Used to increase sodium excretion and lower blood volume
Sometimes combined for greater effect and to reduce side effects
A soft, waxy substance in the body, which is vital to many functions, but having too much in the blood can lead to serious health conditions such as coronary heart disease, stroke and heart attack.
Fruits, vegetables, grains
Plant-based foods such as ______, ______, and ______ don't contain cholesterol.
Foods high in ______ may also trigger the production of cholesterol.
A lifelong disorder and is strongly affected by daily stress, exercise, diet, and infections my
A metabolic disorder that affects the way your body handles energy you get from eating food.
People with diabetes either do not produce ______ or cannot use the ______ that they have.
Without ______ your cells are unable to absorb the glucose from the bloodstream and can not get the energy that they need.
A disorder of carbohydrate metabolism involving insulin deficiency or inefficient use of a insulin.
is usually used for a type 1 diabetic, whose pancreas doesn't produce enough naturally.
Must be given by injection, since it is destroyed by digestive juices.
When given in excess, insulin can result in dangerous symptoms of __________.
6-16 hr insulin
18-24 hr insulin
Pollen, mold, and mildew
Cigarette smoke, dust mites, mold and pet dander
Cause an immune response in the body, including swelling, itching and extra mucus production.
Causes runny, itchy nose, sneezing and itchy, watery eyes.
Causes nasal congestion, sinus pressure, or post nasal drip.
Chronic inflammation of the airways of the respiratory system.
-shortness of breath
Medications used for treating many types of infections
Effective if a bacterium causes an infection
They have no effect if symptoms are caused by a virus
Illnesses such as sinus infections, ear infections, strep throat, and urinary tract infections.
A unique identifier assigned to a prescriber/pharmacy by the Drug Enforcement Agency, which identifies the prescriber/pharmacy as one allowed to handle controlled medication.
A Code entered by a Pharmacist or Technician to indicate a prescriber's or patient's request to dispense either a brand name or a generic product.
This is used for all generic and single source (brand with no generic available) drugs.
prescriptions documented with no substitution by a physician indicating that substitution with a generic alternative is not allowed.
allow a patient to request a brand-name drug, even though the prescriber indicates that a generic substitution is permitted.
Prescriptions processed for a partial quantity of the prescribed quantity due to insufficient inventory. Partial Fills are processed at no charge to the customer or Third Party.
Directions for prescription use
a process by which medication that has not been picked up by the customer is returned to the shelf. This process ensures that all inventory is accounted for.
DEA 106 form
for lost and stolen narcotics
100 units of insulin
tracks the movement of all items, at the NDC level, in and out of your store.
inventory management practice to count and correct BOH as needed. Is a daily process.
are completed to make sure that your AIMRx inventory matches your actual inventory.
store initiated cycle counts
must be completely when you suspect AIMRX has a recorded BOH that is different from what you actually have.
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