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Chapter 9 Key Words Mr. Lindquist/Mr. Veltri

Chapter 9 Progressive Movement (1900-1920). Key Words.
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Progressivism
The programs designed to return power to the people, restore opportunities, and correct injustices in American life.
Scientific Management
Time and motion studies aimed at improving production time and increasing profits.
Muckraker
Term used by Theodore Roosevelt to describe the journalists who wrote about corruption in government and business.
NACW
National Association of Colored Women, founded by Josephine Ruffin to promote the moral education of black women.
NAWSA
National American Woman's Suffrage Association, led by Susan B. Anthony and Elizabeth Cady Stanton, they fought for the right of women to vote.
Meat Inspection Act
Law passed in 1906 after details of the horrendous and unhealthy conditions in the meat packing industry became known.
Pure food and Drug Act
Halted the sale of contaminated foods and drugs and established the "truth in labeling" laws.
Yellow Dog Contract
Contracts given to non-union workers in order to break up strikes. (these workers became known as "scabs.")
Suffrage
Voting rights. (Woman's suffrage would woman's voting rights).
Progressive Tax
Income tax that basically says "the more you earn, the more you pay." Based on a percentage of income.
Prohibition
The ban on the production, sale and use of alcohol.
Equal Rights Amendment
Proposed amendment of the Constitution granting women specific equal rights with men. After 50 years, the proposal was not passed into law.
NAACP: National Association for the Advancement of Colored People
National Association for the Advancement of Colored People, association begun in 1909 to promote the equal rights of black Americans,. One of the most famous founder was W.E.B. Du Bois.
Payne-Aldrich Tariff
Going against Progressive ideals, President Taft signs this tariff bill, which raised tariffs to their highest levels in history.