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Chapter 9 Progressive Movement (1900-1920). Key Words.


The programs designed to return power to the people, restore opportunities, and correct injustices in American life.

Scientific Management

Time and motion studies aimed at improving production time and increasing profits.


Term used by Theodore Roosevelt to describe the journalists who wrote about corruption in government and business.


National Association of Colored Women, founded by Josephine Ruffin to promote the moral education of black women.


National American Woman's Suffrage Association, led by Susan B. Anthony and Elizabeth Cady Stanton, they fought for the right of women to vote.

Meat Inspection Act

Law passed in 1906 after details of the horrendous and unhealthy conditions in the meat packing industry became known.

Pure food and Drug Act

Halted the sale of contaminated foods and drugs and established the "truth in labeling" laws.

Yellow Dog Contract

Contracts given to non-union workers in order to break up strikes. (these workers became known as "scabs.")


Voting rights. (Woman's suffrage would woman's voting rights).

Progressive Tax

Income tax that basically says "the more you earn, the more you pay." Based on a percentage of income.


The ban on the production, sale and use of alcohol.

Equal Rights Amendment

Proposed amendment of the Constitution granting women specific equal rights with men. After 50 years, the proposal was not passed into law.

NAACP: National Association for the Advancement of Colored People

National Association for the Advancement of Colored People, association begun in 1909 to promote the equal rights of black Americans,. One of the most famous founder was W.E.B. Du Bois.

Payne-Aldrich Tariff

Going against Progressive ideals, President Taft signs this tariff bill, which raised tariffs to their highest levels in history.

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