Survey of Jazz: Exam 2
Terms in this set (50)
The trading of melodic figures between 2 different band sections (especially a big band)
In it's mature form, this consists of 5 saxes, 5 trumpets, 5 trombones, and a rhythm section
A bands library or collection of arrangements or pieces.
Bands that featured fast tempos and dramatic solo and group performances, usually with more improvisation than their counterparts.
Bands that played relatively less syncopated, slower pieces, such as ballads and popular songs.
A band that played and toured a region around a major city that served as home base.
Momentarily delaying the entry of a new phrase, in effect freeing the rhythm of a composition.
a term used by younger musicians and fans in the 1940's to describe old jazz fans who clung to the music of the 1920's and 1930's and derided the newer bebop style.
a worked out melodic idea that fits a common chord progression
replaces the expected or normal chords with different, sometimes more unusual chords.
improvisation based on the chord harmonies, as opposed to the melodic contour of a composition
A new melody composed to fit the harmonic and formal structure of a previously composed popular song.
A term describing how bebop drummers used the base drum for sharp, irregular accents in the rhythmic accompaniment.
A style of jazz originating in the 1940'swhich blended elements of Afro-Cuban music with bebop
Notes added to the seventh chords to make the harmony richer and more pungent
A style that blends Jazz with Brazilian music (popularized by Stan Getz)
Bands playing in the Kansas city style featured head arrangements
Antiphony was an arranging technique utilized primarily by the small groups of the bebop era
The Original Blue Devils was one of the most respected territory bands
Duke Ellington got his start playing with the Original Blue Devils
Charlie Parker and Dizzy Gillespie are two of the founders of the bebop style.
Cool Jazz was a style associated primarily with the West Coast Musicians
Hard Bop was a style associated primarily with the West Coast musicians
Bud Powell was a great bebop saxophonist
Saxophonist Sonny Rollins is known for playing solos which prominently feature motivic improvisation
Third - stream music combined bebop with Brazilian music
A "lick" is a worked out melodic idea that fits a common chord progression
The words "Cool" and "Hard Bop" were coined by musicians as a way of describing the music they played.
Chet Baker and Gerry Mulligan were two musicians primarily associated with the Hard Bop style
The Modern Jazz Quartet is associated with the Third - Stream style
Hard Bop musicians continued to extend the bebop tradition with its emphasis on improvisation, 32 bar formal structures, 12 bar blues, and straight ahead swinging.
Miles Davis is associated with Bebop, Cool, Hard Bop, and Modal jazz styles, as well as others.
Charles Mingus was a great Bebop era drummer.
The modern Jazz era began with the style known as bebop
Big bands were favored over small groups in the bebop era
Duke Ellington's band in the 1940's was one of the main orchestra's playing in the Kansas City style.
There was more improvisation in the swing era jazz than in earlier and later styles
What is NOT true of the swing era
Guitar replaced banjo, drummer began driving the beat using the then new hi hat cymbal instead of the bass drum as had been done previously, string bass replaced the tuba
Which of the following describes the way the rhythm section changed in the swing era.
Who played with the Original Blue Devils
Who was known as the King of Swing?
Who was NOT a swing Era pianist?
Who was NOT a bebop era musician?
single chords which last for several measures, absence or suppression of standard functional harmonic patterns, and chords or melodies that make use of the interval of a perfect 4th
What are the characteristics of Modal jazz?
A continuation of the speed intensity, and power of bebop
What are the characteristics of Hard bop?
restraint, lyricism, quieter dynamic range, and less overt emotion
What are the characteristics of Cool jazz?
a blending of jazz, and European classical music
What are the characteristics of Third Stream?
Art Blakey and his band the Jazz messengers are associated with...
branched off into many different styles
in the 1950's, jazz...
contains the harmonic progression IV-I instead of the more common progression V-I
A plagal cadence...
left behind its standing as America's main for of popular music
With the development of bebop, jazz