Great Wall-Related Words - Detailed List with Characters and English

Names and terms related to the Great Wall of China. Check out China International Travel CA's Chinese Language Resources page at http://www.chinatravelca.com/faq/chinese-language-resources/.
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万里长城
Great Wall of China (literally, "long wall of ten thousand li"), actually not one wall but a series of fortifications extending across northern China built during various dynasties as a defense against invaders, among other purposes; usually referred to simply as Cháng Chéng
居庸关
Juyongguan or Juyong Pass, a mountain pass northwest of Beijing through which the Wall passes
云台
Cloud Platform, a gate at Juyongguan constructed of white marble and decorated with Buddhist carvings of figures, symbols, and texts
八达岭
Badaling, the most-visited section of the Wall; further northwest of Beijing from Juyongguan
山海关
Shanhaiguan or Shanhai Pass, the eastern endpoint of the Wall in Hebei Province; shanhai means "Mountain and Sea"
河北省
Hebei Province
罗布泊
Lop Nur or Lop Lake, the historical western endpoint of the Wall in Xinjiang Province
新疆省
Xinjiang Province
嘉峪关
Jiayuguan or Jiayu Pass, location of the westernmost extant section of the Wall in Gansu Province; jiayu means "excellent valley"
甘肃省
Gansu Province
春秋时代
Spring and Autumn Period (776-471 BCE or 776-403 BCE), the historical period during which the earliest sections of the Wall were built
明朝
Ming Dynasty (1368-1644 CE), the period during which most of the extant wall was built; a total of 5,500 miles of wall were built during the Ming
丝绸之路
Silk Road, ancient trade route protected by some stretches of the Wall in western China
匈奴
Xiongnu, nomadic people traditionally identified with the Huns whose military conflicts with China during the Qin Dynasty led to the building of long stretches of the Wall
秦朝
Qin Dynasty, 221-207 BCE
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