Chapter 4: Geography of Health and Disease
Terms in this set (28)
In regard to access to health care, the presence or absence of health care resources.
In regard to access to health care, how close or accessible facilities are to users.
The natural characteristics and cultural aspects of an environment.
Societal realities, such as racist or sexist policies, that might limit a person's access to health care.
The number of people in an area as well as the age, gender, and genetic characteristics of a society.
A disease caused by a parasite and spread to humans by mosquitoes. About 40% of the world's population is at risk of contracting this disease.
A symptom of various viral, bacterial, and parasitic infections, killing more than 2 million people each year.
An outbreak of a disease.
A disease, such as chickenpox, that is always present at some level in a population.
Whether or not someone can afford health or medical care.
An organism that causes a disease, such as bacteria, viruses, protozoa, or flukes.
Traumatic events, such as accidents, shock, or radiation poisoning, that negatively affect human health.
The sub-branch of geography that studies the pattern of and transmission of diseases as well as the spatial pattern of health care.
An endemic infectious disease caused by a fluke, which also lives in snails for part of its life cycle. The infection causes a massive immune response, affecting about 200 million people worldwide.
The interconnections between human populations an the physical world.
In the triangle of human ecology, the effects of cultural norms or societal organizations on human health.
Factors, such as drugs, dangerous gases, and harmful liquids, that negatively affect human health.
Commonly known as the flu, a disease caused by a virus that affects humans, animals, and birds. Flu outbreaks can be regional or even global.
The relationship between plants or animals and the environment.
Also known as Dracunculiasis, this disease causes an infection by a roundworm that gets into humans when they drink water containing water fleas carrying the worm's larvae.
A mosquito-transmitted viral disease that causes an acute hemorrhagic fever, affection about 200,000 people worldwide each year.
The means by which a disease agent is transmitted to a host, such as a mosquito, tick, fly, or rodent.
The cultural practice of a husband having multiple wives.
A life form that has a disease.
The effects of things such as crowding, anxiety, belonging or love on a person's health.
A potentially deadly lung disease, also known as TB. There are 9 million new cases each year.
A worldwide disease caused by a virus that can cause a progressive breakdown of the human immune system.
The effects on a person caused by viruses, bacteria, or other physical insults.