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Combo with "Ch. 27, Sec. 2: Imperialism (Case Study: Nigeria)" and 1 other
Terms in this set (57)
A method of management used by the United States and Britain. This method relied on already existing political rulers, including a legislative council. This method was used for the Philippines.
A method of management used by the French and other European powers. This method was based on paternalism and assimilation, because they felt the Africans could not govern themselves.
A paternal way of governing people that provides for their needs but does not give them rights. Europeans brought in their own bureaucrats to achieve this method of governing.
This policy is based on ideals of that time, and the main idea was that the French culture would be adopted by the local populations.
A policy that is similar to indirect control, and was adopted by the French later, after they had abandoned assimilation. In this policy, the French recognized African culture, but saw it as inferior to their own.
Royal Niger Company
This company accomplished the British conquest of northern Nigeria. They gained control of the palm-oil trade along the Niger River. In 1914, the British gained complete control of Nigeria as a colony.
A country or territory governed internally by a foreign power
A country or territory with its own internal government but under the control of an outside power, such as the British colonies over the Niger River delta.
sphere of influence
An area in which an outside power claims exclusive investment or trading privileges, such as Liberia (US colony).
An independent but less-developed country controlled by private business interests rather than other governments (Dole Fruit company controlled pineapple trade in Hawaii).
Hausa-Fulanai (Type of people)
Muslim people from northern Africa that had a strong central government. Ruling through local officials worked well with these people.
Yoruba (Type of people)
From the southwest part of Africa, these people followed traditional religions and were controlled by chiefs. When Britain attempted indirect rule with them, they resented having their power taken away.
Igbo (Type of people)
From the south part of Africa, these people followed traditional religions and were controlled by chiefs. When Britain attempted indirect rule with them, they resented having their power taken away.
All countries' attempts of resistance against the British failed due to their superior weaponry, except in this country.
Samori Touré (Person)
This man led the resistance movement in West Africa against the French. He modernized his army and fought against them for 16 years.
Magic water that the East Africans believed if sprinkled on their bodies, it would turn the Germans' bullets into water.
Maji Maji Rebellion
This rebellion took place in East Africa, and was centered towards the East Africans' anger towards the Germans for insisting they must plant cotton (a cash crop), instead of their own crops.
Menelik (II) (Person)
This man became emperor of Ethiopia in 1889, and played the great countries against each other. He noticed a difference in wording in the Ethiopian and Italian versions of a treaty he was signing, and declared war against the Italians. The Ethiopians' successful resistance against the Europeans is often believed to be because of this man.
Battle of Adowa
At this battle, Ethiopian forces defeated the Italians and kept their nation independent. After the battle, Menelik continued to stockpile his rifles.
This was a common disease many Africans died of.
These periods of loss of food stemmed from the change to cash crops in order to give the "mother country" more money.
Sir Thomas Roe (Person)
In 1603, he went before Queen Elizabeth I and got a license to start the British East India Company.
A policy in which a strong nation seeks to dominate other countries poitically, socially, and economically.
Belief that one race is superior to another
A social theory which states that the level a person rises to in society and wealth is determined by their genetic background.
(1884-1885) During European Imperialism, various European leaders met in Berlin, Germany to discuss plans for dividing Africa peacefully. These leaders had little regard for African independence, and had no representation for native Africans. This began the process of imperializing Africa.
A Zulu chief in Southern Africa who used soldiers and good military organization to create a large centralized state.
Zulus (Type of people)
An African tribe that fought the Boers to control land and nearly defeated the British using spears and shields, but eventually they would be defeated and lose their kingdom.
Dutch settlers of South Africa
(1899-1902) War between Great Britain and the Boers (Dutch colonists) in South Africa over control of rich mining country. Great Britain won and created the Union of South Africa comprised of all the South African colonies.
Maxim Machine Gun
The first automatic machine gun ever invented (1884) allowed easy conquest of the interior of Africa. Africans did not stand a chance against this machine gun.
Cables the steam engine, railroads and the steamship
Allowed Europeans to control conquered land with easy communication and travel along rivers and in land in both Asia and Africa during imperialism
Demand for raw materials, minerals and cash crops
Reasons Europeans became Imperialists
Winston Churchill and Boer War
A war correspondent for Britain during the Boer War. He became a hero after escaping a Boer prison at age 26.
What company rules India until 1850s?
British East India Company
The company has its own ___
army led by British officers and staffed by sepoys
Who are sepoys
Why is India Britain's jewel in the crown?
It is Britain's most valuable colony
It had raw materials
300 million people
What is India forced to do?
produce raw materials for British manufacturing
forced to buy British goods
How do Railroads help with marketing
help move cash crops and goods faster
What do cash crops result in?
loss of self-sufficiency
What is Indian life disrupted by?
missionaries and racist attitudes
What do the British do to help India?
modernize India's economy
improve public health
Sepoys refuse to use cartridges of new rifles for religious reasons
Mutiny against British
Some Indians remain loyal to Britain
Turning point in British control of India
How does Britain react to the mutiny
put down rebellion
take direct command of India
What is Raj
refers to british rule after India came under British crown
What does the uprising lead to an increase of?
distrust b/w British and Indians
What does Ram Mohun Roy do?
leads modernization movement
What do Indians begin to call for
adopting western ways
What do indians resent about their society?
They are treated as 2nd class citizens in their own country
What Nationalist groups form in India?
Indian National Congress
What are Nationalists angered by?
partition of Bengal
What does pressure force Britain to do?
divide Bengal differently
what was ending in 1707
Robert Clive (Person)
-Led east india company in the battle of Plassey (winning)
How long did the East India Company rule
Who protected the east india company
British officers and sepoys
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