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41 terms

Med Law and Ethics study guide for final

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Physician assisted suicide
is only legal in Oregon and Washington
Terminally ill patients have how long to live?
6 months
Death at a cellular level
tissue are deprived of oxygen
indication of brain death
final cessation of bodily activity
medical signs that death has occurred
brain and respiratory activity are gone
gene therapy
treating harmful genetic diseases or traits by eliminating or modifying the harmful gene
Patient Self Determination Act
a federal law passed in 1990 that requires hospitals and other health care providers to provide written information to patients regarding their rights under state law to make medical decisions and execute advance directives.
DNA
the combination of proteins, called nucleotides, that is arranged to make up an organisms chromosomes
cloning
the process by which organisms are created asexually, usually from a single cell of the parent organism
gene
a tiny segment of DNA found on a chromosome within a cell's nucleus.
chromosome
a microscopic structure found within the nucleus of all living cells that carries genes responsible for the organism's characteristics.
amniocentesis
a test whereby the physician withdraws a sample of amniotic fluid from the uterus of a pregnant woman
genetic engineering
manipulation of DNA within the cells of plants, animals, and other organisms through synthesis, alteration, or repair to ensure that certain harmful traits will be eliminated in offspring and that desirable traits will appear and be passed on.
xenotransplantation
transplantation of animal tissues and organs into humans
embryonic stem cells
cells that have the potential to become any type of body cell.
parendpatriae
a legal doctrine that gives the state the authority to act in a child's best interest
mature minor
individuals in their mid to late teens who for health care purposes is considered mature enough to comprehend physician recommendations and give informed consent
palliative care
treatment of a terminally ill patient's symptoms in order to make dying more comfortable; also called comfort care
curative care
treatment directed toward curing a patient's disease
Uniform Determination of Death Act
a proposal that established uniform guidelines for determining when death has occurred
thanatology
the study of death and of the psychological methods of coping with it.
euthanasia
a conscious medical act that results in the death of a dying person
durable power of attorney
an advance directive that confers upon a designee the authority to make a variety of legal decisions on behalf of the grantor, usually including health care decisions
passive euthanasia
the act of allowing a dying patient to die naturally, without medical interference
DNR
orders written at the request of patients or their authorized representatives that cardiopulmonary resuscitation not be used to sustain life in medical crisis
grief
human reaction to loss
Stage 1 of grief
feelings of denial and isolation
Stage 2 of grief
anger, rage,resentment
Stage 3 of grief
bargaining and guilt
Stage 4 of grief
depression or sadness
Stage 5 of grief
acceptance
Indian Child Welfare Act
federal statute that regulates state court child custody proceedings involving Indian children, includes (1) foster care placement, (2) adoption, and (3) termination of parental rights, but NOT placements arising out of divorce.
emancipated minors criteria
They are self-supporting
They are married
They are serving in the armed forces
genetic engineering objection
religious or moral grounds that humans simply should not tamper with the time honored progression of life as dictated by nature
the process will harm the environment by releasing super species that will crowd out natural species
may have unforeseen affects
Americans with Disabilities Act (ADA)
protect against genetic discrimination
Human Genome Project
funded by the US government, was started in 1990 to analyze the entire human genome. All DNA organisms, including genes
in vitro fertilization (IVF)
fertilization that takes place outside a woman's body, literally, "in glass" as a test tube
quid pro quo
something for something
res ispa loquitur
the thing speaks for itself
res judicata
the thing has been decided
respondeat superior
let the master answer