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Chapter 14 Section 1 History
Terms in this set (40)
a style of architecture that involved in medieval Europe in the early 1100's
a court held by the Church to suppress heresy, or the practice of religious beliefs that differed from those of the Church
the region called Palestine where Jesus lived and preached
the pope who called for "holy war" in 1093
the practice of selling positions in the Church
another term for "holy war" to take control of the Holy Land
the long effort by the Spanish to drive the Muslims out of Spain
a pilgrimage by children who set out to conquer Jerusalem with the belief that God supported their efforts
Richard the Lion-Hearted
the English king who was left to lead the Third Crusade and regain the Holy Land.
Muslim leader who allowed Christians to freely visit the Holy Land after reaching a truce with the English king in 1192
was a group of merchants who worked to improve the economic and social conditions of its members.
Merchants and craftspeople who lived in the towns and who demanded privileges such as freedom from tolls and the right to govern their town were called
Letter of Credit
were documents given by a bank to an individual allowing that a person to withdraw an amount of money from that bank or one of its branches.
allowed villages to grow more food by organizing land into three fields instead of two.
In the 1100's, poets began to use the everyday language of their, homeland, or the
Scholars who met together at universities were known as schoolmen, or
The expansion of trade and business as agriculture was expanding is called
In many European countries, your blank could also label your profession
A scholar in the 1200's named blank said that logic could prove many religious truths.
A day worker, known as blank, had to complete several steps in order to become a master in his craft.
a legislative assembly made up of the House of Commons and the House of Lords.
the English king who introduced the use of juries to the English judicial system
an assembly made up of the First, Second, and Third Estates
Anglo-Saxon ruler who was defeated by the Normans at the Battle of Hastings
William the Conqueror
the duke of Normandy who defeated the Anglo-Saxons to conquer England.
French duke who began a dynasty of French kings that ruled France from 987 to 1328
a document that guaranteed basic political rights and limited the English king's powers
a unified body of law that became the basis for law in many English-speaking countries
Danish king that conquered England and molded the Anglo-Saxons and Vikings into one people
Capetian king who greatly expanded the French kingdom's lands
The movement of the papacy from Rome to blank greatly weakened the power of the Church.
was a division in the Church with three popes ultimately vying for power.
was a very deadly disease that had many social and economic effects on the European population
persuaded the College of Cardinals to elect a Frenchman as Pope.
Joan of Arc
was a woman who helped rescue France from its English conquerors
The use of blank by the English army greatly revolutionized European warfare.
Hundred Years' War
was a great war between England and France, which began when the last Capetain king died without a successor
a follower of wycliffe, preached that the authority of the Bible was higher than that of the pope
taught that Jesus Christ, not the pope, was the true head of the Church.
The Hundred Years' War began when the English king, blank, claimed the right to the French throne.
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