13 terms

Unit 1: Neolithic Revolution and River Valley Civilizations

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City-State
A small independent state consisting of an urban center and the surrounding agricultural territory.
Theocracy
government headed by religious leaders or a leader regarded as a god
Monarchy
autocracy in which a king, queen, or emperor exercises supreme powers of government
Polytheism
the belief in many gods
Agrarian
pertaining to land or its cultivation (i.e. an agrarian society)
Subsistence
the minimum amount to sustain life (i.e. subsistence farming)
Irrigation
the process of supplying water to land to grow crops
Foraging
obtaining food available in nature through gathering, hunting, or scavenging
Pastoral
relating to shepherds or herdsmen or devoted to raising sheep or cattle
Hierarchy
categorization of a group according to ability or status; lowest on bottom, most powerful on top
Domestication
the taming of plants and animals for human use, such as for work or as food
Diaspora
the dispersion or spreading of something that was originally localized (as a people or language or culture)
Urbanization
the growth of cities and the migration of people into them