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Q3 APUSH key terms and people Ch. 23
Terms in this set (23)
A New York newspaper editor, he ran for president in 1872 under the mantles of the Liberal Republican and Democratic parties.
The former Republican governor of Ohio who became president after the contested 1876 election. By 1880 he had lost the support of his party and was not renominated for the office.
Elected to the presidency in 1880, he served as president for only a few months before being assassinated by Charles Guiteau, who claimed to have killed him because he was denied a job through patronage when he was elected. The assassination fueled efforts to reform the spoils system.
Elected as vice president in 1880, he became president after Garfield's assassination. He was primarily known for his efforts at civil service reform, which culminated in the Pendleton Act.
President from 1885 to 1889 and again from 1893 to 1897; his first term was dominated by the issues of military pensions and tariff reforms. He lost the election of 1888, but he ran again and won in 1892. During his second term, he faced one of the most serious economic depressions in the nation's history but failed to enact policies to ease the crisis.
waving the bloody shirt
The use of Civil War imagery by political candidates and parties to draw votes to their side of the ticket.
A term given to the period 1865-1896 by Mark Twain, indicating both the fabulous wealth and the widespread corruption of the era.
Crédit Mobilier scandal
A construction company was formed by owners of the Union Pacific Railroad for the purpose of receiving government contracts to build the railroad at highly inflated prices-and profits. In 1872 a scandal erupted when journalists discovered that the Company had bribed congressmen and even the vice president to allow the ruse to continue.
the practice of a successful political party giving public office to its supporters.
"crime of '73"
The Fourth Coinage Act was enacted by the United States Congress in 1873 and embraced the gold standard and de-monetized silver. U.S. set the specie standard in gold and not silver, upsetting miners who referred to it as a crime
an American general and the eighteenth President of the United States. He achieved international fame as the leading Union general in the American Civil War.
Newspaper cartoonist who produced satirical cartoons, he invented "Uncle Sam" and came up with the elephant and the donkey for the political parties. He nearly brought down Boss Tweed.
23rd President; Republican, poor leader, introduced the McKinley Tariff and increased federal spending to a billion dollars
Democratic nominee for president in 1876, loses narrowly
the corrupt part of Tammany Hall in New York City, that Samuel J. Tilden, the reform governor of New York had been instrumental in overthrowing.
During the Grant administration, a group of officials were importing whiskey and using their offices to avoid paying the taxes on it, cheating the treasury out of millions of dollars.
Compromise of 1877
The agreement that finally resolved the 1876 election and officially ended Reconstruction. In exchange for the Republican candidate, Rutherford B. Hayes, winning the presidency, Hayes agreed to withdraw the last of the federal troops from the former Confederate states. This deal effectively completed the southern return to white-only, Democratic-dominated electoral politics.
Congressional legislation that established the Civil Service Commission, which granted federal government jobs on the basis of examinations instead of political patronage, thus reining in the spoils system.
traditional supporters of (R) Party, a person who is loyal to their allegiance (especially in times of revolt), tried to give party favorites a government office, utilized the spoils system, and added to corruption
Half loyal to (R) Party because want little reform, Anti-Stalwarts, led by James G. Blaine. Disagreed over who appoints jobs.
Republicans who supported Grover Cleveland(Who was a democrat)
leader of the Stalwart faction of the Republican party
half breed, He was nominated for president in 1884, but lost a close race to Democrat Grover Cleveland, and he advocated a "Big Sister" policy of United States domination in Latin America.