Q3 APUSH key terms and people Ch. 26
Terms in this set (24)
A Democratic congressman from Nebraska who was an outspoken "free-silver" advocate. His "Cross of Gold" speech at the Democratic convention in 1896 won him the party's nomination. The Populists also backed him in a "fusion" ticket with the Democrats. His eloquent advocacy for free silver and farmers' interests earned him millions of devoted followers, but never quite enough to win the presidency, for which he ran three times (1896, 1900, 1908). Later in life, as secretary of state he led the resistance to American entry into World War I. An ardent Fundamentalist, in 1925 he gained fame from some quarters—and great disdain from others—for joining the prosecution of high school biology teacher John T. Scopes for teaching evolution.
A former Republican congressman from Ohio who won the presidency in 1896 and again in 1900. He was probusiness, conservative, and unwilling to trouble the waters by voicing unpopular opinions.
The driving force behind McKinley's rise to the presidency, he was a former businessman who raised money and devised strategy for McKinley's winning bid for the White House in 1896.
Officially known as the People's party, they represented Westerners and Southerners who believed that U.S. economic policy inappropriately favored Eastern businessmen instead of the nation's farmers. Their proposals included nationalization of the railroads, a graduated income tax, and, most significantly, the unlimited coinage of silver.
Gold Standard Act
An act that guaranteed that paper currency would be redeemed freely in gold, putting an end to the already dying "free-silver" campaign.
A strike by railroad workers upset by drastic wage cuts. The strike was led by socialist Eugene Debs but not supported by the American Federation of Labor. Eventually President Grover Cleveland intervened, and federal troops forced an end to the strike. The strike highlighted both divisions within labor and the government's new willingness to use armed force to combat work stoppages.
A battle between the U.S. Army and the Dakota Sioux, in which two hundred Native Americans and twenty-nine U.S. soldiers died. Tensions erupted violently over two major issues: the Sioux practice of the "Ghost Dance," which the U.S. government had outlawed, and the dispute over whether Sioux reservation land would be broken up because of the Dawes Act.
Dawes Severalty Act
An act that broke up Indian reservations and distributed land to individual households. Leftover land was sold for money to fund U.S. government efforts to "civilize" Native Americans.
One of the leaders of the Sioux tribe. He was a medicine man " as wily as he was influential." He became a prominent Indian leader during the Sioux Was from 1876-1877.( The war was touched off when a group of miners rushed into the Black Hills of South Dakota in 1875.) The well-armed warriors at first proved to be a superior force. During Custer's Last Stand in 1876, he was " making medicine" while another Indian, Crazy Horse, led the Sioux. When more whites arrived at the Battle of Little Big Horn, he and the other Sioux we forced into Canada.
Former General during the Civil War, he set out in 1874 with his Seventh Cavalry to return the Plains Indians to the Sioux reservation. Defeated by an army that outnumbered his men 10 to 1.
A Native American leader of the Apache who fought against the mexicans and the United States during the Apache Wars. He surrendered to U.S. Authorities in 1886 after a lengthy persuit
an author who wrote A Century of Dishonor which chronicled the government's actions against the Indians. She also wrote Romona, which was a love story about Indians. Her writing helped inspire sympathy towards the Indians.
Leader of Nez Perce. Fled with his tribe to Canada instead of reservations. However, US troops came and fought and brought them back down to reservations
Native American Tribe that will flee capture from U.S. Troops, who almost make it to Canada.
A cult that tried to call the spirits of past warriors to inspire the young braves to fight. It was crushed at the Battle of Wounded Knee after spreading to the Dakota Sioux. It led to the Dawes Severalty Act of 1887. This act tried to reform Indian tribes and turn them into "white" citizens. It did little good.
Native American-Indian tribe; 1870's; group from Arizona and New Mexico led by Geronimo were difficult to control; chased into Mexico by Federal troops; they became successful farmers raising stock in Oklahoma
During the late 1800's an organization of farmers strove to regulate railway rates and storage fees charged by railroads, warehouses, and grain elevators through state legislation. These laws that were passed, but eventually reversed
A tireless socialist leader who organized the American Railway Union in the Pullman Strike in 1894. He was later convicted under the World War I's Espionage Act in 1918 and sentenced to ten years in a federal penitentiary. A frequent presidential candidate on the Socialist party ticket, in 1920 he won more than 900,000 votes campaigning for president from his prison cell.
organization that united farmers at the statewide and regional level; policy goals of this organization included more readily available farm credits and federal regulation of the railroads.
gave 160 acres of public land to any settler who would farm the land for five years.
Cross of Gold Speech
An impassioned address by William Jennings Bryan at the 1896 Deomcratic Convention, in which he attacked the "gold bugs" who insisted that U.S. currency be backed only with gold.
People for the free and unlimited coinage of silver. Mostly silver-mine owners, who wanted to sell their silver to the government for much more than its commercial value, and farmers, because it caused inflation, and inflation aided farmers.
he was the National Grange of the Patron's of Husbandry's leading spirit. The Grange's primary objectives were to stimulate the minds of the farm people by social, educational, and fraternal activities.
A monetary standard where the value of the monetary unit is defined as equivalent to both a certain quantity of gold and to a certain quantity of solver. There is an established rate of exchange between the two metals. The battle over "free silver" in the 19th century involved this and was a crucial part of forming a new American monetary policy. More silver = more inflation.