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Q3 APUSH key terms and people Ch. 27
Terms in this set (26)
American naval officer and author whose book of 1890, The Influence of Sea Power upon History, 1660-1783, impressed a generation of imperialists around the world with its argument that control of the sea was the key to world dominance.
Commander of the American Asiatic Squadron who boldly captured Manila Bay and the Philippines at the launch of the Spanish-American War. His actions ultimately led to fierce debates about the propriety of American imperialism.
He was a cowboy-hero of the Cuban campaign who rode his popularity into the governorship of New York State and then into the vice president's office. He became president when McKinley was assassinated in 1901. He won reelection as a Republican in 1904 and then lost to Democrat Woodrow Wilson in 1912, when he tried for another term as the Progressive party candidate.
Named U.S. ambassador to England in 1897 when William McKinley became president. He later served as McKinley's secretary of state. He was author of the Open Door note, which called for free economic competition in China.
A brazen policy of "preventive intervention" advocated by Theodore Roosevelt in his Annual Message to Congress in 1904. Adding ballast to the Monroe Doctrine, it stipulated that the United States would retain a right to intervene in the domestic affairs of Latin American nations in order to restore military and financial order.
An uprising in China directed against foreign influence. It was suppressed by an international force of some eighteen thousand soldiers, including several thousand Americans. It paved the way for the revolution of 1911, which led to the establishment of the Republic of China in 1912.
Open Door Policy
Statement of U.S. foreign policy toward China. Issued by U.S. secretary of state John Hay (1899), the statement reaffirmed the principle that all countries should have equal access to any Chinese port open to trade.
Following its military occupation, the United States successfully pressured the Cuban government to write this amendment into its constitution. It limited Cuba's treaty-making abilities, controlled its debt, and stipulated that the United States could intervene militarily to restore order when it saw fit.
The Spanish minister to the United States who found himself at the center of a scandal when his private letter maligning President McKinley was made public in 1898.
Well-educated Filipino leader who first fought against Spain and later led the Philippine insurgency against U.S. colonial rule.
Organized by Theodore Roosevelt, this was a colorful, motley regiment of Cuban war volunteers consisting of western cowboys, ex-convicts, and effete Ivy Leaguers. Roosevelt emphasized his experience with the regiment in subsequent campaigns for governor of New York and vice president under William McKinley.
A proviso to President William McKinley's war plans that proclaimed to the world that when the United States had overthrown Spanish misrule, it would give Cuba its freedom. The amendment testified to the ostensibly "anti-imperialist" designs of the initial war plans.
American battleship dispatched to keep a "friendly" watch over Cuba in early 1898. It mysteriously blew up in Havana harbor on February 15, 1898, with a loss of 260 sailors. Later evidence confirmed that the explosion was accidental, resulting from combustion in one of the ship's internal coal bunkers. But many Americans, eager for war, insisted that it was the fault of a Spanish submarine mine.
Agreement when Japan agreed to curb the number of workers coming to the US and in exchange Roosevelt agreed to allow the wives of the Japenese men already living in the US to join them
a policy of extending a country's power and influence through diplomacy or military force
extreme patriotism in the form of aggressive foreign policy. In practice, it is a country's advocation of the use of threats or actual force against other countries in order to safeguard what it perceives as its national interests. Colloquially, it refers to excessive bias in judging one's own country as superior to others - an extreme type of nationalism.
It was a treaty signed on November 18, 1903, by the United States and Panama. It established the Panama Canal Zone and the subsequent construction of the Panama Canal. It was named after its two primary negotiators. The terms of the treaty stated that the United States was to receive rights to a canal zone and Panama was to receive a payment from US
He was a newspaper publisher and introduced the techniques of "new journalism" to the newspapers he acquired in the 1880s and became a leading national figure in the Democratic Party. He crusaded against big business and corruption. In the 1890s the fierce competition introduced yellow journalism and opened the way to mass circulation newspapers that depended on advertising revenue and appealed to the reader with multiple forms of news, entertainment, and advertising.
One of the causes of the Spanish-American War (1898) - this was when newspaper publishers like Hearst and Pulitzer sensationalized news events (like the sinking of the Maine) to anger American public towards Spain. This reporting style was sensationalist and obsessed with getting good "scoops." It involved distorting fact and spreading gossip like wildfire.
It was an attempt to gain independence from Spain and was led by Emilio Aguinaldo. Emilio Aguinaldo declared an independent Philippines in 1899.
Big Stick Policy
Theodore Roosevelt's corollary to the Monroe Doctrine. The idea of negotiating peacefully, simultaneously threatening with the military
connects the Atlantic Ocean to the Pacific Ocean.
Great White Fleet
A group of white ships on a cruise around the world to display the nation's naval power.
Treaty Of Paris
Treaty that concluded the Spanish American War. From the treaty America got Guam, Puerto Rico and they paid 20 million dollars for the Philippines. Cuba was freed from Spain.
United States newspaper publisher whose introduction of large headlines and sensational reporting changed American journalism
Sphere of Influence
In international affairs, the territory where a powerful state exercises the dominant control over weaker states or territories