35 terms

WHI.15 The Renaissance

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Why the Renaissance began in Italy
it was the most commercially advanced, urbanized, literate area of high & medieval Europe and their wealth, literacy and pride in their Roman past provided the foundation for the Renaissance
economic effects of the Crusades
- increased access to Middle Eastern products
- stimulated production of goods to trade in Middle Eastern markets
- encouraged the use of credit and banking
Church rule against this helped to secularize northern Italy
usury and the banks' practice of charging interest
usury
the act of lending money at an exorbitant rate of interest
expanded the supply of money and expedited trade
letters of credit
the use of Arabic numerals allowed these to be introduced
new accounting and bookkeeping practices
cultural foundation for the Renaissance
the collapse of the Byzantine Empire reignited interest in Greco-Roman culture
led to the rise of Italian city-states
wealth accumulated from European trade with the Middle East
active civic leaders
wealthy merchants
Machiavelli
observed city-state rulers and produced guidelines for the acquisition and maintenance of power by absolute rule
trading centers for the distribution of goods to northern Europe
Florence, Venice and Genoa
initial governments of Florence, Venice and Genoa
independent city-states governed as republics
The Prince
modern treatise on government by Machiavelli
key ideas from The Prince
- supports absolute power of the ruler
- maintains that the end justifies the means
- advises that one should do good if possible, but do evil when necessary
The Renaissance
time period that produced new ideas that were reflected in the arts, philosophy and literature.
patrons
those who were wealthy from expanded trade and sponsored works that glorified city states in Northern Italy
education during the Renaissance
increasingly secular
focus of medieval art and literature
the Church and salvation
focus of Renaissance art and literature
individuals and worldly matters, along with Christianity
Mona Lisa
painting by Leonardo daVinci
The Last Supper
mural painting by Leonardo daVinci
Sistene Chapel ceiling
painted by Michaelangelo
David
sculpture by Michaelangelo
humanism
- celebrated the individual
- stimulated the study of classical Greek and Roman culture
- supported by wealthy patrons
Petrarch
father of humanism
what changed the art and literature of the Italian Renaissance
people from different cultures adopted the ideas of the Renaissance
what allowed Northern Europe to support Renaissance ideas
growing wealth
merged humanist ideas with Christianity
northern Renaissance thinkers
helped to disseminate ideas
movable type printing press and the production and sale of books
Gutenberg Bible
the first full-sized book printed with movable type and a printing press
The Praise of Folly
an essay written by Erasmus that uses satire to point out corrupt practices of the Church
Utopia
a book by Sir Thomas More describing the perfect society on an imaginary island
Northern Renaissance writers
Sir Thomas More and Erasmus
topics portrayed by Northern Renaissance writers
religious and increasingly secular subjects
allowed the Renaissance to spread to Northern Europe
the rise of trade, travel and literacy

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